God used Deborah to deliver HIS people from Canaanite oppression.
Deborah was a Prophetess who judged Israel. Deborah's prophecy was fulfilled. (Judges 9:9)
The judges were temporary deliverers, sent by God to deliver Israelites from their oppressors. Their name in Hebrew is Shophetim and, which is same as that for ordinary judges. For, though their first work was that of deliverers and leaders in war, they then administered justice to people and their authority supplied want of a regular government.
The Book of Judges called in Hebrew 'Shofetim" (judge), a term identical with Carthaginian 'Sufetes,' althought two offices were not of same nature.
The Book may be divided into three parts. Chapters 2:6-16 begins with an introduction explaining spiritual significance of events narrated.
Fourth Judge: Deborah and Barak
Let's look at Judges 4:4-9; 14, 15 and 17a
verse 4...And Deborah, a prophetess, wife of Lapidoth, she judged Israel at that time.
Deborah was not chosen by people or appointed by people. God raised her up to help His people, and thus she judged Israel at that time. The record teaches us that Deborah was a prophetess. Deborah was judge and one who had gift of prophecy.
verse 5...And she dwelt under palm tree of Deborah, between Ramah and Bethel in mount Ephraim: and children of Israel came up to her for judgment.
Mount Ephraim is all hill country belonging to tribe of Ephraim. The word "dwelt" could be that Deborah lived there or that was place at which she gave justice to those who came up to her for judgment.
verse 6...And she sent and called Barak son of Abinoam out of Kedesh-naphtali, and said unto him, Hath not LORD God of Israel commanded, saying: Go and draw toward mount Tabor, and take with thee ten thousand men of children of Naphtali and of children of Zebulun?
Barak lived around 80 miles to north of where Deborah held court, but it appears he came when Deborah called him. Deborah told Barak that she was giving him message of Lord God of Israel, not of her own. God wanted Barak to assemble an army of 10,000 men from tribe of Naphtali which was Barak's own tribe and neighbor tribe of Zebulun. Barak was to lead army to Mount Tabor.
verse 7...And I will draw unto thee, to river Kishon, Sisera captain of Jabin's army, with his chariots and his multitude; and I will deliver him into thine hand.
The Lord planned to deliver men into Barak's hand: He promised victory to Barak and his army.
verse 8...And Barak said unto her, If thou wilt go with me, then I will go: but if thou wilt not go with me, I will not go.