DNA Paternity- To Test at Home or NotWritten by Mark Jackson
Many people prefer “home” DNA testing kits for reasons of privacy and because they are usually less expensive, since they do not involve making an appointment at a laboratory, or any associated travel costs. However, depending on reason you are seeking a DNA paternity test, you may wish to reconsider using home test kit.
Home kits contain exact same collection tools, as are used at a lab, and results will be processed in same way. But not all labs are accredited for processing DNA paternity tests. This means their results are not considered confirmed, and would not be usable as legal evidence.
Laboratories accredited by AABB (American Association of Blood Banks), must undergo a strictly supervised testing of their methods and results, to determine if they are accurate, and done properly. These labs also take part in proficiency tests and must be re-inspected on an annual basis.
Alcohol: When Enough is EnoughWritten by David Westbrook
Though there is still some debate about nature of alcoholism, most professionals now understand it to be a chronic and sometimes fatal disease, likely with a genetic component. In definition adopted by National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence, alcoholism is characterized by “impaired control over dinking…and distortions in thinking, most notably denial.” What this means for alcoholics is that they are frequently unable to make decision to stop drinking without help from others.
Unfortunately, alcoholics have frequently engaged family member to make excuses and cover up for them. After prolonged and repeated excuse making many family members have a hard time facing up to fact that they have been part of problem. The first step to getting an alcoholic help is for family members to stop making excuses. Calling in sick for a husband or wife who has a hangover, cleaning up after their drunken messes, hiding problem from other family members and dozens of other behaviors are all ways in which well intentioned families just make it worse.
Once, one or more family members have developed an awareness of problem and ceased any enabling behaviors they may have been engaged in it’s time to intervene. An opportune time to talk to a person about their disease may come shortly after an alcohol related problem has occurred--like a serious family argument or an accident. However, waiting to discuss problem can also have drastic consequences, so if person’s behavior is destructive don’t delay. Choose a time when person is sober and there aren’t other distractions.
One thing people often worry about is what to say. Tell your loved one that you are worried about his or her drinking. Sharing that you’ve read that alcoholism is a disease can help disarm person and allow them to not feel defensive. This can reduce likelihood of an argument. Explain to person what problems you see their drinking causing for them, as well as, how it’s a problem for you.