Criminal Defense - White Collar Crimes

Written by T. Going

White Collar Crimes are defined as non-violent acts committed by individuals or businesses inrepparttar course of daily working activity. Some of these crimes include embezzlement, bribery, tax evasion, false advertising and other types of fraud. They are generally used to obtain money, property or services to gain advantage in business or in ones personal life.

According torepparttar 119132 FBI, white collar crimes costrepparttar 119133 United States more than $300 billion annually. These crimes are considered to be federal offenses and even though state and local law enforcement may be involved inrepparttar 119134 cases, charges will most often be presented by federal agencies such asrepparttar 119135 FBI, IRS, US Customs, Secret Service, EPA orrepparttar 119136 SEC.

Post-Divorce Alimony in Texas

Written by Scott Morgan

This article provides a brief overview on Texas law concerning post-divorce alimony in Texas. Laws differ from state to state and individual circumstances vary, so you should consult with a qualified family law attorney in your area for specific advice on your particular situation. Additionally, this article deals only with post-divorce alimony. It does not address temporary alimony, which is provided for under a different provision ofrepparttar Texas Family Code.

Two Kinds of Alimony: Contractual and Court Ordered Maintenance

There are two kinds of post-divorce alimony in Texas: contractual alimony and court ordered maintenance. The Texas Family Code also provides authority forrepparttar 119131 court to order temporary alimony which occurs while a divorce is pending. However, temporary alimony is outsiderepparttar 119132 scope of this article and will not be addressed.

Contractual Alimony Contractual alimony is based on an agreement betweenrepparttar 119133 parties in their divorce decree. For tax purposes, contractual alimony is normally deemed income torepparttar 119134 receiving party and is deductible fromrepparttar 119135 income ofrepparttar 119136 paying party. Since contractual alimony must be based on an agreement ofrepparttar 119137 parties, there are no limits torepparttar 119138 possible amount or duration ofrepparttar 119139 alimony.

Court Ordered Maintenance

Court ordered maintenance is provided for by Texas Family Code Chapter Eight. Although actually awarded in only a small percentage of Texas divorces,repparttar 119140 court hasrepparttar 119141 right to order one spouse to payrepparttar 119142 other post-divorce maintenance in either of two circumstances:

1. The payor spouse either received deferred adjudication or was convicted of a crime constituting family violence within two years of repparttar 119143 filing ofrepparttar 119144 divorce case, or

2. The parties have been married at least ten years andrepparttar 119145 receiving spouse has some kind of financial limitation (disability, unable to work because caring forrepparttar 119146 party's child, or lacks earning ability to meet minimum reasonable needs).

The monthly amount of court ordered maintenance is capped atrepparttar 119147 lesser of: a) $2,500 or b) 20% ofrepparttar 119148 monthly payor's gross income.

The maximum duration of court ordered maintenance is three years. The only exception is when maintenance is ordered asrepparttar 119149 result of a disability, in which caserepparttar 119150 duration can potentially extend indefinitely.


Where there is a large disparity in incomes alimony can sometimes be used as a useful settlement tool. Since alimony is generally taxable to repparttar 119151 receiving party and deductible torepparttar 119152 paying party it can be often structured so that it is advantageous to both parties.

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