Corporate Shells

Written by Joseph Quinones

A corporate shell could be liken to a house that had been occupied by a family, prior torepparttar family moving out it was a home. But now it is just shell, a skeleton a plain house with nobody in it, but if a family was to purchaserepparttar 149281 house and moves in, it becomes a home.

Similar, a corporate shell was oncerepparttar 149282 home of an operating company but oncerepparttar 149283 operating company ceases to reside there because of adverse circumstances ( bankruptcy or liquidation ) all that remains isrepparttar 149284 shell.

Buying and selling corporate shells has become big business, just a couple of years ago a corporate shell sold for approximately $150,000.00 today they go for upward of $500.000.00. Talk about inflation! The increase in price is due to increase scrutiny byrepparttar 149285 Securities and exchange commission andrepparttar 149286 demand for shell by Chinese companies seeking to become listed inrepparttar 149287 United States.

As usual when there is money to be maderepparttar 149288 vultures appear with their unscrupulous practices. In most casesrepparttar 149289 shells are own byrepparttar 149290 same operators who are also acting as consultants torepparttar 149291 companies they are helping to become public. This may be a conflict of interest but they are able to hide their ownership well withrepparttar 149292 help of securities lawyer who may also have a piece ofrepparttar 149293 shell.

The situation described above creates a huge conflict of interest thatrepparttar 149294 regulators have yet to figure out because ofrepparttar 149295 intricacy ofrepparttar 149296 many participant who work in harmony and are able to conceal their actions fromrepparttar 149297 regulators.

Ifrepparttar 149298 consultant indirectly own a shell and is trying to sell it torepparttar 149299 company that they are advising, how well is he going to represent repparttar 149300 client when it comes to price andrepparttar 149301 amount of shares that they are to Retain? And how about with assistingrepparttar 149302 company in performingrepparttar 149303 proper research onrepparttar 149304 shareholder list andrepparttar 149305 history ofrepparttar 149306 shell.

Air Liquide: Driving Liquid Air

Written by Anna Henningsgaard

Have you ever heard of liquid air? The process of liquifying air was a major scientific achievement that took place over 100 years ago. Even after 100 years there are only a few companies that liquify air, which is probably why you've never heard of it before. Liquifying air is a cheap way to isolate different gasses like oxygen and nitrogen.

The task of liquefying air began in 1892, when Frenchman Georges Claude began working with acetylene. Atrepparttar time, acetylene was thought to be a very promising substance as it was used in lighting fixtures, but it was very difficult to produce and transport. Georges Claude worked out a method for liquefying air in order to remove its different components and isolaterepparttar 149280 oxygen. Oxygen had nothing to do with acetylene atrepparttar 149281 time, except Claude felt that using oxygen could help reduce costs of producingrepparttar 149282 fires necessary to separate acetylene.

When Georges Claude heard that a scientist named Carl von Linde had managed to liquefy air, Claude set out to do it himself but vowed to do it faster and more efficiently. Duringrepparttar 149283 day he worked as an engineer at Thomson-Houston and he spent his nights conducting tests in an old warehouse. For two years he worked with a second-hand expansion engine, conducting experiments by trial and error to solve all his technical problems. When he needed to lubricate refrigerated moving parts he replaced oil with petroleum ether so it would remain liquid down to 140 degrees. To seal moving parts he used dry leather packing betweenrepparttar 149284 piston andrepparttar 149285 cylinder liner.

And finally, after all these small tricks were put in place, he succeeded! He created a system using cold air fromrepparttar 149286 expansion cylinder to liquefy pre-cooled pressurized air atrepparttar 149287 exchanger outlet. It was a simple and inexpensive matter to extractrepparttar 149288 oxygen from this liquefied air. If liquifying air sounds like a mystical process now, in an age full of advanced technology, just imagine what people thought of Georges Claude when he toldrepparttar 149289 world he was going to form a company that liquified air!

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