Comparison of Medieval and Renaissance Marriage Customs.

Written by Cyd Klein

The Old and New testaments provided early church leaders with conflicting views regarding marriage. Biblical writings had clearly indicated men and women relationships outsiderepparttar confines of marriage, multiple partner marriages, andrepparttar 122075 use of concubines.

The Bible was also rampant with stories of lust as inrepparttar 122076 story of David and Bathsheba. St Augustine defended this by writing that God said it pleased him that certain individuals amongstrepparttar 122077 Patriarchs ofrepparttar 122078 Bible have many wives, specifically forrepparttar 122079 multiplication of their offspring. He further suggested thatrepparttar 122080 only reason women would need more than one husband would be for lustful gratification.

To giverepparttar 122081 old guy his due, he also is credited with saying, "Let everyone of you in particular so love his wife even as himself, andrepparttar 122082 wife see that she reverence her husband." Augustine considered marriage a sacrament, a permanent union of faith.

Now that marriage was declared a sacrament,repparttar 122083 church leaders thusly made a declaration that men and women should pursue marriage with only one partner. They added that sexual relations withrepparttar 122084 confines of a marriage should be for procreation and not for lust alone. Once marriage had become a sacrament, it soon followed thatrepparttar 122085 church needed legislative power over marriage and that a priest should perform a nuptial blessing.

Something as important as deciding on a marriage partner was not left inrepparttar 122086 hands ofrepparttar 122087 bride and groom, forrepparttar 122088 bride and groom were usually children. Parents arranged marriages inrepparttar 122089 Middle Ages when their children were still very young. If love was involved at all, it came well afterrepparttar 122090 wedding had taken place. Girls were as young as twelve and boys as young as 17. The arrangements were not considered complete until a wedding notice was posted onrepparttar 122091 door ofrepparttar 122092 church.

Marriages continued to be arranged duringrepparttar 122093 Renaissance. Boys could marry at age 14 and girls at 12, with their parent’s permission. The families fromrepparttar 122094 groom and brides side would come together and work outrepparttar 122095 dowry.

Inrepparttar 122096 middle ages, marriages were arranged to improverepparttar 122097 socioeconomic status ofrepparttar 122098 parties involved. The brides family provided a dowry torepparttar 122099 boy she would marry. The dowry could be quite substantial, including cash, lands, or other valuable assets. Her future husband would have complete control overrepparttar 122100 dowry forever. In

Italian marriages duringrepparttar 122101 Renaissance,repparttar 122102 dowry wasrepparttar 122103 most important part ofrepparttar 122104 pre-marriage ritual, but in Florence besides gifts fromrepparttar 122105 bride's family there were counter-gifts from her husband and his family. The ritual would go back and forth, giving gifts to those who gave gifts in response to previous gifts. The expense was so great that some men gave up on marriage or married at a much later time in their life when they could affordrepparttar 122106 expense.

Unlikerepparttar 122107 Medieval times,repparttar 122108 Renaissance dowry remained withrepparttar 122109 bride her entire life. If she was widowed, she could return to her family with her dowry, but she would have to leave her children with her husband’s family.

In England, a marriage contract included provision both forrepparttar 122110 bride's dowry and for a jointure, or settlement, in cash and property byrepparttar 122111 husband's family, that guaranteed her welfare should her husband die first.

Forrepparttar 122112 most partrepparttar 122113 church was involved inrepparttar 122114 ceremonies that took place. The Council of Westminster had decreed in 1076 that no man should give his daughter or female relative to anyone without priestly blessing.

Weddings duringrepparttar 122115 middle ages were considered family and community affairs. It was important that both parties consented torepparttar 122116 marriage; this could be substituted withrepparttar 122117 consent ofrepparttar 122118 parents. The ceremony was performed in church. Vows were exchanged outsiderepparttar 122119 church before everyone moved inside for mass. There was a procession both from and torepparttar 122120 bride’s home.

It was a custom inrepparttar 122121 Medieval time that ifrepparttar 122122 groom was not fromrepparttar 122123 area he would buy a round of drinks forrepparttar 122124 local young men to make amends for removing a local girl fromrepparttar 122125 marriage market. Guests would often bring cakes from home that would be stacked on top of each other. The newly weds would have to try to kiss overrepparttar 122126 cakes without toppling them. This isrepparttar 122127 origin ofrepparttar 122128 modern multi-tiered wedding cake.

Right Hand Diamond Ring

Written by Laura Ciocan

The hottest trend in jewelry fashion,repparttar Right Hand Diamond Ring seems to raise sales sky-high.

The latest trend in diamond jewelry isrepparttar 122074 Right Hand Diamond Ring. The marketing significance load is addressing mainly torepparttar 122075 independent career woman ofrepparttar 122076 21-st century. It stands for success, strength, self assertiveness and freedom.

Afterrepparttar 122077 world has been filled up withrepparttar 122078 symbol of eternal love -repparttar 122079 diamond engagement ring,repparttar 122080 marketing strategy accompanying this old-renewed product opposesrepparttar 122081 right-hand ring torepparttar 122082 diamond engagement rings and diamond anniversary bands. It is not only being positioned on a different hand but it also differs significantly in design. Its design purposely avoids any resemblance with matrimonial rings, uses open spaces, smaller stones instead of a single, in combinations expressingrepparttar 122083 personality and individuality ofrepparttar 122084 wearer.

In fact, it's not at all aboutrepparttar 122085 right hand, as women did wear rings on their right hand fingers before this marketing concept came into being, it's about what became almost an obsession forrepparttar 122086 left hand ring!

And of course, after one conquest, others must follow – afterrepparttar 122087 diamond engagement rings hit,repparttar 122088 market for diamond rings still had potential! The commercial outcome is one of larger proportions, first of all becauserepparttar 122089 general tendency aroundrepparttar 122090 world is to postpone or forego marriage, then, whilerepparttar 122091 diamond engagement ring addresses only to grooms-to-be as buyers,repparttar 122092 right hand ring addresses to both men and women. And this is how: The independent career woman

The idea was to go withrepparttar 122093 new wave of feminist thinking stressing upon women's independence wish – married or not, you still have to wear a diamond ring to reassess your leading position alongside men! It's a sort of impulse forrepparttar 122094 women who are generically tired ofrepparttar 122095 role of housewives and feel they can do better with their lives. So,repparttar 122096 left hand ring stands forrepparttar 122097 labors that marriage brings along whilerepparttar 122098 right hand ring reads asrepparttar 122099 careless, joyful side of life. Men also

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