Come Visit Bombay, And You'll Be Hooked

Written by Ernest C. Lancaster

A few years ago Smyrna, Delaware was voted one ofrepparttar top "small towns" in America. When you visitrepparttar 141352 town, it's very easy to see why. Smyrna has a home-town feel to it. Even though it has a fairly small poulation, it is very accessible. One ofrepparttar 141353 popular attractions isrepparttar 141354 Bombay Hook National Wildlife Refuge. The Wild Life Refuge is within 1 1/2- 2 hour drive from Philadelphia, Baltimore, and repparttar 141355 South Jesey area.

Been there, done that... and visited other wildlife refuges? This is not your ordinary place to view wildlife. Bombay Hook plays a critical role for thousands of migratory and waterfowl birds. Every year over 17,000 visitors come to Bombay Hook National Wildlife Refuge to view wildlife, in their natural environment.

Bombay Hook has a very interesting story. It was established and purchased with Duck Stamp revenues fromrepparttar 141356 Migratory Bird Conservation Fund. It is a major link inrepparttar 141357 chain of refuges that extends from Canada torepparttar 141358 Gulf of Mexico. There are millions of ducks and geese that userepparttar 141359 refuge as a stop-over or as a place to ride outrepparttar 141360 winter.

Althoughrepparttar 141361 refuge is open year-round,repparttar 141362 best time to see this spectacular site is in October and November. This is repparttar 141363 time thatrepparttar 141364 waterfowl populations are at their peak. There is also another smaller spike inrepparttar 141365 population which occurs in March. This is whenrepparttar 141366 birds are returning to their northern breeding grounds. The refuge is first and foremost a breeding ground for migrating birds and other wildlife. Bombay Hook has become extremely important forrepparttar 141367 protection and conservation of waterfowl.This is due to urban and industrial development.

The refuge covers approximately 16,000 acres. About four-fifths of it consists of tidal salt marshes. One of repparttar 141368 largest areas of nearly "natural" tidal salt marsh in repparttar 141369 mid-Atlantic region resides withinrepparttar 141370 refuge. Additionally, Bombay Hook has 1,100 acres of impounded fresh water pools, 1,100 acres of agricultural lands, with wooded and grassy land and swamps. The general terrain is flat and less than ten feet above sea level. So bring a good camera and pair of binoculars, becauserepparttar 141371 views are breathtaking.

Takerepparttar 141372 auto tour to get as close to nature as possible without scaringrepparttar 141373 birds and animals away. The Auto Route is only a 12-mile round trip. The tour route passes byrepparttar 141374 four freshwater impoundments.There is plenty of room to to stop and viewrepparttar 141375 always-present water birds and animals that are feeding or resting. Depending onrepparttar 141376 season, visitors can easily spend a half-day or more travelingrepparttar 141377 tour route. There are even some trails that you can walk on. The best times for observation are early and late inrepparttar 141378 day when wildlife is most active.

The History of Lancaster Castle Pt2

Written by Stuart Bazga

Welcome to part 2 ofrepparttar history of Lancaster Castle. In this final instalment we coverrepparttar 141351 Pendle Witch Trials, Take a brief glimpse into life at debtor’s prison, and discover what would happen to you as a child if you got caught committing an offence.

One ofrepparttar 141352 most famous events at Lancaster castle wasrepparttar 141353 Pendle Witch trials of 1612. Duringrepparttar 141354 reign of King James I, he passed laws which forbid any act of “making a covenant with an evil spirit, hurting life or limb, injuring live stock by means of charms or procuring love”. All of these acts were subject torepparttar 141355 death penalty.

The trial was centred on two families in which five of their members were accused (Elizabeth Southern, Anne Whittle, Ann Redfern, Elizabeth Device and Alison and James Device). Another five fromrepparttar 141356 same locality (Jane Bulcock and her son John, Alice Grey, Alice Nutter and Katherine Hewitt) also stood accused. While awaiting trial, 80 year old Elizabeth Southern passed away in her cell.

The trial began in August ofrepparttar 141357 same year and was presided over by Judge Bromley and Judge Altham. Lord Gerard and Sir Richard Hoghton were in assistance.

The prisoners were deprived of any counsel and could not call witnesses. On top ofrepparttar 141358 original ten another ten defendants, also accused of witchcraft (The Samlesbury witches, also from Pendle along with Isobel Robey from Windle, near St Helens and Margaret Pearson,repparttar 141359 Padiham Witch) were to stand trial.

In total, 20 people stood accused and their ages ranged from 9 years old to 80 years. The evidence produced stemmed from idle gossip, false accusations and rumours.

Atrepparttar 141360 conclusion ofrepparttar 141361 three day event, Anne Whittle, Anne Redfern, Elizabeth Device, Alice Nutter, Alison and James Device, Katherine Hewitt, Jane and John Bulcock, as well as Isobel Robey were all found guilty and sentenced to be hanged onrepparttar 141362 moor aboverepparttar 141363 Town. Margaret Pearson was sentenced to be pilloried on four successive market days at Padiham, Clitheroe, Whalley and Lancaster. Once this was carried out, Margaret was to spend a further year in prison as part of her punishment. The Samlesbury witches and Alice Grey were not found guilty and set free.

Public executions took place at Lancaster Castle right up untilrepparttar 141364 1800’s at a place called Gallows Hill. The prisoners would be taken from their cells in a cart and pass along Moor lane and Moor gate. They would pause briefly at a local public house where they could take their last drink with family and friends before proceeding torepparttar 141365 gallows. People from all aroundrepparttar 141366 north west of England would congregate out in Lancaster’s streets to watch these public hangings. After 1800repparttar 141367 hangings were shifted fromrepparttar 141368 moor to a place withinrepparttar 141369 castles confines. It was to become known as "The Hanging Corner".

Of allrepparttar 141370 executions carried out, a total of 265 in all, 43 were for murder and other crimes which included burglary, forgery, robbery and cattle stealing. 131 of these hangings were carried out byrepparttar 141371 one person – Old Ned Barlow. The last person to be publicly hanged was Stephen Burke in 1865.

Between 1788 and 1868, if you found yourself lucky enough to escaperepparttar 141372 hangman’s noose, you may have found yourself being transported to a new penal colony called Australia. In total 200, 000 people found themselves ship bound to facerepparttar 141373 uncertainties of a hostile environment in NSW and Tasmania.

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