Coffee History

Written by Hilda Maria Sigurdardottir

Coffee - THE Drink of Choice

Did you know coffee isrepparttar most consumed beverage inrepparttar 145482 world. How did coffee get this ranking? What country first figured out coffee was safe for consumption? When wasrepparttar 145483 first drink of coffee prepared? Where didrepparttar 145484 first coffee shop come in being?

There are many questions aboutrepparttar 145485 starting point of drinking coffee. It has been so long ago no one really knows allrepparttar 145486 facts. But, one thing is for sure, coffee isrepparttar 145487 most consumed beverage onrepparttar 145488 planet.

Inrepparttar 145489 Beginning

It looks as ifrepparttar 145490 first trace came out of Abyssinia and was also sporadically inrepparttar 145491 vicinity ofrepparttar 145492 Red Sea around seven hundred AD. Along with these people, other Africans ofrepparttar 145493 same period also have a history of usingrepparttar 145494 coffee berry pulp for more than one occasion like rituals and even for health. Coffee began to get more attention whenrepparttar 145495 Arabs began cultivating it in their peninsulas around eleven hundred AD. It is speculated that trade ships broughtrepparttar 145496 coffee their way. The Arabs started making a drink that became quite popular called gahwa--- meaning to prevent sleep. Roasting and boilingrepparttar 145497 bean was how they made this drink. It became so popular amongrepparttar 145498 Arabs that they made it their signature Arabian wine and it was used a lot during rituals. Afterrepparttar 145499 coffee bean was found to be a great wine and a medicine, someone discovered in Arabia that you could also make a different dark, delicious drink out ofrepparttar 145500 beans. This happened somewhere around twelve hundred AD. After that it didn’t take long and everyone in Arabia was drinking coffee. Everywhere these people traveledrepparttar 145501 coffee went with them. It made its way around to India, North Africa,repparttar 145502 eastern Mediterranean, and was then cultivated to a great extent in Yemen around fourteen hundred AD. Other countries would have gladly welcomed these beans if onlyrepparttar 145503 Arabs had let them. The Arabs killedrepparttar 145504 seed-germ making sure no one else could growrepparttar 145505 coffee if taken elsewhere. Heavily guarding their plants, Yemen is whererepparttar 145506 main source of coffee stayed for several hundred years. Even with their efforts,repparttar 145507 beans were eventually smuggled out by pilgrims and travelers. Coffee Shops Appear Around 1475repparttar 145508 first coffee shop opens in Constantinople called Kiv Han two years after coffee was introduced to Turkey, in 1554 two coffee houses open there. People came pouring in to socialize, listen to music, play games and of course drink coffee. Some often called these places in Turkeyrepparttar 145509 “school ofrepparttar 145510 wise”, because you could learn so much by just visitingrepparttar 145511 coffee house and listening to conversations.

Inrepparttar 145512 sixteen hundreds coffee enters Europe throughrepparttar 145513 port of Venice. The Turkish warriors also broughtrepparttar 145514 drink to Balkans, Spain, and North Africa. Not too much laterrepparttar 145515 first coffee house opens in Italy. There were plenty of people also trying to ban coffee. Such as Khair Beg a governor of Mecca who was executed and Grand Vizir ofrepparttar 145516 Ottoman Empire who successfully closed down many coffee houses in Turkey. Thankfully not everyone thought this way.

Coffee Tips Arrive

Inrepparttar 145517 early sixteen hundreds coffee is presented torepparttar 145518 New World by man named John Smith. Later in that century,repparttar 145519 first coffee house opens in England. Coffee houses or “penny universities” charged a penny for admission and for a cup of coffee. The word "TIPS" (for service) has it’s origin from an English coffee house.

Civil War Uniforms: Keep Your Jean Cloth from Unraveling

Written by Paula and Coach McCoach

Civil War Uniforms: Keep Your Jean Cloth from Unraveling by Paula and Coach McCoach

AHHHH! How to keep jean cloth from unraveling?

How authentic do you want to be? Can you zigzag your jean cloth, so it does not unravel because just by touching it, it unravels an inch!!

Depends on how authentic you want to be?

I couldn't zigzag my jean cloth because it is not authentic!

It would bother me too much!

So, you have two choices on controllingrepparttar unraveling of your jean cloth. One is authentic and one is not!

The technique, which is not authentic, is also not machine done.

You can do a loose running blanket stitch - I don't thinkrepparttar 145481 Victorians would have done this because it would have taken too long and uniforms needed to be produced quickly.

The easiest way to keep your jean cloth from unraveling is to cutrepparttar 145482 pattern big and use an extra large seam allowance like ˝ inch or more.

Many ofrepparttar 145483 uniforms were made out of it. Jean cloth was a very common generic fabric used duringrepparttar 145484 war. It comes in so many different colors and shades that people like it, but it unravels and unravels and unravels.

I double-stitch allrepparttar 145485 seams - if you are going to stitchrepparttar 145486 seams, keeprepparttar 145487 stitches close and if you are doing it by machine, I would run it through twice.

If I were doing it onrepparttar 145488 sewing machine, I would off set it about 1/16th of an inch so it would help to keep it from unraveling in lieu of zig zag or blanket-stitching.

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