Coffee--Everything You Need to Know From Arabica to Zanzibar

Written by Larry Denton

With a gourmet cup of coffee costing almost as much as a luncheon sandwich these days, more and more people are making their coffee at home from an "old fashioned" drip coffee machine. Thanks to Starbucks andrepparttar other vendors out there, coffee from a can or a jar just doesn't work anymore. Coffee has becomerepparttar 113106 second most valuable item of international trade, just behind petroleum. Worldwide, coffee lovers drink 2.25 billion cups a DAY! To satisfy that thirst,repparttar 113107 world's coffee growers, each year, produce about 6 million tons of green coffee beans and ship them to thousands of coffee roasters aroundrepparttar 113108 globe. People who drink coffee range from those interested only inrepparttar 113109 caffeine "buzz," torepparttar 113110 true aficionado, who, like wine connieseurs, are concerned with color, taste, quality and aroma.

Whether you order a cup a "joe", some hot "java" or a caffe macchiato,repparttar 113111 primary ingredient remainsrepparttar 113112 coffee bean. Coffee begins on a tree in a warm climate where rainfall is about 50 inches a year,repparttar 113113 soil is well drained and preferably volcanic (this is why Hawaiian Kona coffee is so highly prized). The fruit ofrepparttar 113114 coffee plant is called a "cherry" and is appropriately red in color. The heart ofrepparttar 113115 cherry, generally two beans, is separated fromrepparttar 113116 husk by hand and then air and sun dried. Separatingrepparttar 113117 bean from its outer husk, called "hulling" is done either mechanically or by hand. These green beans, as they are now known, have a shelf life of about two years.

The mythical story onrepparttar 113118 discovery of coffee and its use by human beings, involves an Ethiopian goatherd named Kaldi. Kaldi watched in awe and amusement as his flock behaved very strangely each time they aterepparttar 113119 bright red fruit from a special plant. He triedrepparttar 113120 berries and found himself suddenly alert and full of energy. The following day Kaldi reported his experience to a Muslim holy man at a nearby monastery who later gathered some berries which he found to have a bitter taste. Hoping to improve their flavor he roasted them in a fire, crushed them with a stone and boiled them in water. Almost immediately after trying his new concoction, his brain became more active and he was able to stay awake all night without being tired inrepparttar 113121 morning. News of this miracle berry drink spread rapidly throughoutrepparttar 113122 Middle East and byrepparttar 113123 16th century, European travelers were praisingrepparttar 113124 drink in their journals. The secret was out!

The Wonderful World of Peanuts

Written by Lara Velez


By: Lara Velez


Before I begin withrepparttar history of peanuts you should probably know thatrepparttar 113105 peanut is not a nut. The "pea"nut is actually more closely related torepparttar 113106 pea. It is a member ofrepparttar 113107 legumes family. Also, peanuts do not grow in trees like nuts do. They grow onrepparttar 113108 ground. They start out as flowers, and eventually wind up burrowing underground. Under ground is where they become a delicious peanut.

OK - so where did these little guys come from you ask? Well, they are thought to have originated in South America...possibly Brazil or Peru. Whenrepparttar 113109 Portuguese began to explore "The New World," they took peanuts back home with them. Portuguese traders took them as far as Asia and Africa.

Inrepparttar 113110 United States, peanuts became popular duringrepparttar 113111 Civil War. Then aroundrepparttar 113112 1900's many mechanical devices were invented to help withrepparttar 113113 processing of peanuts. As a result their popularity increased even more. Speaking of inventions...George Washington Carver invented over 300 uses forrepparttar 113114 peanut, including; medicine, ink, soap, shampoo, ice-cream, and axle grease.

Today, peanuts are eaten all overrepparttar 113115 world. They have become a huge money making industry. Inrepparttar 113116 United States alone they contribute well over 4 billion dollars yearly torepparttar 113117 economy


Americans consume 700 million pounds or 3.3 pounds per person, of peanut butter per year….that's enough to coatrepparttar 113118 floor ofrepparttar 113119 Grand Canyon.

To enhancerepparttar 113120 flavor of a cola drink, Southerners put peanuts intorepparttar 113121 bottle.

There are approximately 810 peanuts in an 18 oz. jar of peanut butter. The peanut is unusual because it flowers aboverepparttar 113122 ground, but fruits belowrepparttar 113123 ground.

Peanut oil has a very high smoking point. This allows peanut oil to be heated to a higher temperature than most oils, making it an excellent choice for frying. Since peanuts are a legume, they reducerepparttar 113124 need for additional fertilizers as they return nitrogen torepparttar 113125 soil as they grow. HEALTH BENEFITS Peanuts are packed full of healthy stuff, including; antioxidants, niacin, Vitamin E, monounsaturated fat, bioflavnoids, protein, and they have more resveratrol than grapes (which lowers LDL - aka "bad cholesterol") That's not all...Some medical researchers say that they lowerrepparttar 113126 risk of heart disease and provide protection from some types of cancer (colon, prostate, and breast). Well, as you can see there are some great reasons to eat ifrepparttar 113127 fact that they are delicious isn't enough. THE DARK SIDE Peanut proteins can act as powerful allergens, even in tiny amounts. That is why Peanut allergies arerepparttar 113128 most common cause of death by food inrepparttar 113129 United States. Some people can have a ruthless reaction just for inhalingrepparttar 113130 scent of a peanut. People can die from very small amounts.

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