Clarification of UN VerificationWritten by Gerald L. Campbell
Clarification of UN Verification by Gerald L. Campbell Senior Advisor to Director United States Information Agency, 1985-1990
I've been frustrated for some time that administration, foreign leaders, and press have been referring to UN personnel charged with determining whether Iraq is complying with UN Resolution 1441 as 'inspectors'. An inspector is one who searches for clues. This is not what UN team is supposed to do. Their purpose is altogether different.
'Prove' and 'verify' -- these are key operative words. To date, direct and precise dialogue has not taken place. Confusion abounds.
The UN people are charged with only task of verifying that Iraq has satisfactorily accounted for existence of their radiological, chemical, or biological weapons capability. They should be called "Verifiers". We already know beyond doubt that these weapons did at one time exist. The question now is: where are they or what happened to them. Because UN 'verifiers' have been erroneously called 'inspectors' perception now exists that these UN personnel need more time to do their job, 'to find more clues'.
Does Iraq need more time to comply with UN mandate to prove that they have destroyed their weapons? Or, have they had enough time? The simple truth is that they would not need more time if public perception of their task was as 'verifiers'. The question is not about whether inspectors need more time or whether their numbers need to be expanded. The question is about Iraq demonstrating to world what happened to these weapons.
Towards a Strategy of PreventionWritten by Gerald L. Campbell
Towards a Strategy of Prevention by Gerald L. Campbell Senior Advisor to Director United States Information Agency, 1985-1990
For nearly four decades, America's approach to social problems has been dominated by a scientific methodology and culture whose practical assumptions require that material conditions associated with specific human behaviors are to be treated as causes of those behaviors independent of a more fundamental causal connection to spiritual dynamics of human person.
This scientific perspective, by denying causal relationship between spiritual and human behavior, substantially diminishes perceived reality of individual and transforms it into a rough caricature of itself. Devoid of spiritual content, freedom, and dignity, individual is by methodological requirements reduced to a kind of 'empty vessel' whose sole function in scheme of research is to act as a locus wherein social and economic forces interact and supposedly determine course of one's behavior.
Policy-makers, acting within this mechanistic framework, have tended to unduly magnify role that material causation plays in determining course of human conduct. Indeed, they have accepted view that cause of socially dysfunctional behaviors can be traced to an observed set of social and economic conditions that are correlated to each of these behaviors. Moreover, they have bought into illusion that such behaviors can be rectified through proper management of a complex system of incentives and disincentives designed to alleviate impact these material conditions supposedly have on human conduct.