Chord Voicings

Written by Ron Worthy

Rarely is a chord played with its tones contained in a single octave,repparttar root onrepparttar 147640 bottom,repparttar 147641 third inrepparttar 147642 middle, andrepparttar 147643 fifth onrepparttar 147644 top.

Usually chords are "voiced!"

This basically means thatrepparttar 147645 positions of a chord's tones are scattered overrepparttar 147646 keyboard. The tones may be altered, doubled, added to, missing, and so forth.

There are a great variety of possibilities available in voicing chords. Voicing chords properly is an art within itself. Usingrepparttar 147647 correct voicing techniques in your playing will give your improvisation a "hip," mature and full sound. Chords played in root position just does not seem to dorepparttar 147648 job when playing Jazz, Rock, Pop, Blues, Gospel and "Smooth Jazz" piano.

Learning and mastering good voice leading techniques in your playing is not difficult if you just follow some simple rules.

1. The most important notes in any chord isrepparttar 147649 3rd andrepparttar 147650 7th. The 3rd ofrepparttar 147651 chord defines whetherrepparttar 147652 chord is a major or minor chord. The 7th ofrepparttar 147653 chord will define whetherrepparttar 147654 chord is a dominant or major chord. Usuallyrepparttar 147655 bass player will playrepparttar 147656 root and fifth. The root and fifth are not essential tones and can be completely left our from your chord progressions. If you must userepparttar 147657 root and fifth try using it in your right hand, not your left. You should add your "color" tones in your right hand.

Guerilla Mythbusting: 5 Snappy Rules For Spotting and Exposing Popular Nonsense

Written by Christopher Brown

College students tend to wax enthusiastic aboutrepparttar lessons they pick up in class. Curiously, this very admirable trait, a thirst for knowledge, has a downside to it. When one learns at a rate best described as "alarming," which college students often must do, little time exists to sit and sift through all that new material carefully. And this burdensome task would mandate yet more study time, which luxury few students can afford.

This means that, for very practical reasons, they will tend to accept readilyrepparttar 147593 sermons that echo from academic pulpits. Consumers of media information have nearlyrepparttar 147594 same problem -- a large flow of information thrust at them, and little time to sort throughrepparttar 147595 facts with their attending hype and spin. Election years only magnify this problem, and political candidates can grind axes withrepparttar 147596 best of them. When a scandal breaks out,repparttar 147597 media blitz can sometimes blind evenrepparttar 147598 more critical viewers with their ensuing data-storm. So we have done some ofrepparttar 147599 extra homework for all these groups to help them makerepparttar 147600 best of this unhappy situation. Here, we offer a clear-headed set of rules to disperserepparttar 147601 fog quickly, bringing daylight torepparttar 147602 topic at hand.

As a first step in learning to adopt a cautiously critical posture, we would like to introduce to our readersrepparttar 147603 rule, "take careful notes and develop a long memory by referring back to them now and again." Spinmeisters count onrepparttar 147604 fact -- a most unhappy truth -- that most people do not remember whatrepparttar 147605 sales script said that they fed torepparttar 147606 masses last week. This way, when they changerepparttar 147607 story next month, you can call them on it. If it's a political speech in question, "Tivo" it, so you can play it back when later when spin proponents deny that their guy ever said it inrepparttar 147608 first place.

Second, isolaterepparttar 147609 parts ofrepparttar 147610 speech,repparttar 147611 lecture, or what-have-you, that seem to formrepparttar 147612 main points ofrepparttar 147613 argument. Often this or that advocate of -- let us arbitrarily pick one, say, "scientology," will not state allrepparttar 147614 main points of his argument explicitly, but will only imply them. Makerepparttar 147615 implied parts explicit yourself by asking, "what assumption(s), does this depend upon that he has not stated openly?" Then write them down. For instance, if one were to argue, "We had to attack his country becauserepparttar 147616 guy is a tyrant," then note that this assumes -- unless otherwise qualified -- that we must attack all countries where tyrants rule. Given today's political climate, this would not promote a very promising course of action. So stated, we would have to attack almost everyone, starting withrepparttar 147617 I.R.S.

So remember to make a list ofrepparttar 147618 important claims in question -- whetherrepparttar 147619 speaker or writer has stated, implied, or simply assumed them.

Third, "Always examine a claim by itself first."

This provides a fast and easy way to prevent reckless professors, for instance, from hoodwinking students into bogus philosophies (as is their custom). For instance, considerrepparttar 147620 popular claim, "There are no moral absolutes." This would mean that claims about morality necessarily have exceptions. Evaluating this claim by its own words, however, quickly reveals that it provides to us an example of a moral absolute. It allows no exception, while speaking torepparttar 147621 topic of morality.

Ironically, then,repparttar 147622 claim instances an example of just what it denies. The claim cannot be true on ITS OWN terms. Such claims would playrepparttar 147623 roles of felon AND whistleblower all at once. The philosophy department has named these propositions, "Self-referential absurdities." They represent a form of logical or propositional suicide, since they affirm by example, and yet forbid by principle,repparttar 147624 very same thing. This is likerepparttar 147625 man who marches back and forth all day; and when you finally see his picket sign, you find it reads, "Down With Protesting." Look for these and you will find more than you imagine might suffuse popular chatter.

Fourth, compare and contrast these claims, assumed statements, and implied assertions with one another, asking, "Are these logically consistent with each other, or do they get along like Larry, Moe and Curly whenrepparttar 147626 ladder-swinging begins, andrepparttar 147627 paintbrushes start to fly?" Sometimes speakers will utter logically incompatible sayings within a very short span. So you will need to learn to identify them to note when this happens. Here, you will have located spin, exaggeration, unwarranted claims, or even outright lies. You might even get two-for-one.

For instance, whenrepparttar 147628 U.S. invaded Iraq, it did so againstrepparttar 147629 voice ofrepparttar 147630 U.N. inspectors, who wanted more time. This shows thatrepparttar 147631 U.S. (or at leastrepparttar 147632 current administration) believes it proper to ignore whatever authorityrepparttar 147633 U.N. might have when it deems it necessary. Yet when Iraq defiedrepparttar 147634 very same U.N. authority (Saddam, as we say, "dissed"repparttar 147635 U.N. inspectors)repparttar 147636 Bush administration claimed that this provided grounds to invade Iraq. The "Okay for us, but not for them" trick is calledrepparttar 147637 fallacy of self-exception. One commits this error in reasoning when he lays down a rule for everyone or every argument, and then arbitrarily excuses himself (or his position) from following, or being subject to,repparttar 147638 same rule.

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