Canine Joint Disease

Written by Mark Woodcock

Joint disease can be a problem faced by many dogs. Hip dysplasia isrepparttar most common that people are familiar with as a cause of rear limb lameness. Its front limb counterpart is elbow dysplasia.

Elbow dysplasia has only been recognized as a disease in dogs inrepparttar 139494 last 10 to 15 years or so, whereas hip dysplasia has been diagnosed forrepparttar 139495 last 30 to 40 years. Dysplasia means a developmental abnormality, it can be inrepparttar 139496 size, shape, or formation. Elbow dysplasia is a combination of four developmental abnormalities: an ununited anconeal process, osteochondrodystrophy (OCD) ofrepparttar 139497 distal humoral condyle, a fragmented medial coronoid process, and elbow incongruity. Dogs may have just one abnormality or in some cases all four.

In English,repparttar 139498 anconeal and coronoid processes are bony bumps onrepparttar 139499 ulna located nearrepparttar 139500 elbow. The ulna isrepparttar 139501 arm bone that runs from your little finger uptorepparttar 139502 elbow. The humoral condyle is a bump found atrepparttar 139503 end ofrepparttar 139504 humerus nearrepparttar 139505 elbow. The humorus isrepparttar 139506 large arm bone extending fromrepparttar 139507 shoulder torepparttar 139508 elbow. Problems withrepparttar 139509 humoral condyle and coronoid process are normally due to abnormal cartilage formation. Sometimesrepparttar 139510 bones do not fit together properly resulting in elbow incongruity or an ununited anconeal process.

Classic presentations of elbow dysplasia is an active large breed dog. Rottweilers arerepparttar 139511 posterchild of this disease. Other commonly affected breeds are Bernese Mountain dogs, Laboradors, and Golden Retrievers. There is a breeder certification process available and an elbow registry. It is important for dog owners to checkrepparttar 139512 breeder's certification to insure that elbow dysplasia is not present somewhere inrepparttar 139513 breeding line. Problems usually begin in dogs at around 6 months of age or older.

Dog Training Basics

Written by Robert Kempe

All positive commands should be spoken sharply and distinctly during training. Make sure you also use a positive tone. Your dog will recognize your moods and associate them to their behavior by your tone of voice.

The first wordrepparttar puppy should learn is their name. They actually learnrepparttar 139435 sound of their name and associate that as a directive towards them for their attention. This will come naturally over time sincerepparttar 139436 family will be callingrepparttar 139437 pup by its namerepparttar 139438 day it arrives in your home.

I suggest that before you start training verbal commands that you understand your puppy’s personality. Ask yourself if they are timid, aggressive, quiet, sensitive, playful, etc? These traits will affectrepparttar 139439 type and speed ofrepparttar 139440 training with your dog. Understandingrepparttar 139441 dog that is being trained is a vitally important talent of a good trainer.

As soon as you are able to touch and feelrepparttar 139442 puppy, call them by their name. Constantly give them affection and praise withrepparttar 139443 tone of your voice. Keep repeating their name over and over and over untilrepparttar 139444 pup understands that when they hear their name, it is addressing them. When you prepare meals for them, call them by name and then distinctly sayrepparttar 139445 word “come.” This is probablyrepparttar 139446 simplest and easiest commands to teach because it is associated with somethingrepparttar 139447 puppy wants or gets excited when they hear that command. This theory and type of training is used in allrepparttar 139448 generic commands. Remember to always keep praising them when they obey a command and make sure they feel rewarded.

House breaking a puppy is probablyrepparttar 139449 most stressful for a new trainer. However,repparttar 139450 good news is that most dogs are generally clean in nature and sense thatrepparttar 139451 house is notrepparttar 139452 place to do their thing. Knowing that canines tend to have their bowel movements inrepparttar 139453 same place that they or some other dogs have previously defecated, you need to understand thatrepparttar 139454 sent left behind from previous mistakes will signal torepparttar 139455 pup that is where they are supposed to be defecating. So when you do catch them doing something inrepparttar 139456 house that you do not want, scold them in a simple command such as “shame.” The puppy will hear your tone of voice and feel bad. Usher them outside as fast as you can. Praise them when they defecate outside. Do not userepparttar 139457 command “no” since that is a command to haverepparttar 139458 puppy stoprepparttar 139459 current act. “Shame” is used after you have foundrepparttar 139460 evidence ofrepparttar 139461 unwanted act. This is a common mistake a lot of armature dog trainers have.

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