Calf Cramps - 5 Ways to Avoid the Pain

Written by Charlie Cory

If you are a runner, then I am sure that you will know about calf cramps.

Imagine this scenario if you will. Let's say that you are 7.5k into a 10k run andrepparttar road starts to incline. Ever so slightly, but enough to put that extra strain on your legs as you try to maintain contact withrepparttar 149161 leaders. Andrepparttar 149162 temperature? Well, it'srepparttar 149163 morning, but it's hot and liable to get hotter beforerepparttar 149164 end. And to make matters worse, you were so desperate to maintain contact withrepparttar 149165 leading group, that you forgot to take on liquid atrepparttar 149166 last feeding station. And did you use tight fitting calf length socks? I know they are allrepparttar 149167 rage, but why did you do it?

So what do we have here?

* Extra strain on muscles? * Dehydration? * Loss of essentials salts? * Restriction of blood flow?

All in all, I think that we are describing running calf cramps, waiting to happen.

I am not sure that anyone has definitive answer torepparttar 149168 cause of cramps, but there are certainly several steps that you can take which could help save you from disaster during competition, in any sport.

1. A Proper Warm Up

Ok, I know you know, but did you do it? If not, then those cramps could be coming. Seriously, if you have been involved in any sport to any level, then you will be aware ofrepparttar 149169 importance of a proper warm up. And I don't just mean a brisk walk uprepparttar 149170 stairs torepparttar 149171 changing room either! A proper warm up should include a routine that gently stretches your muscles to get them ready forrepparttar 149172 increased exertion, and gets your blood flowing around your body. Not only will a warm help prevent calf cramps, they will also help prevent some ofrepparttar 149173 injuries that might occur when you put sudden strain on cold muscles.

And whilst we are talking of warm ups, don't forget warm downs as well. Warming down after exercise can also help prevent cramping and reducerepparttar 149174 risk of injury.

2. Train Hard, Run Easy

Have you heard this before? No? Well you should give it some thought, because it's true. When you train for a sport, not only do you practicerepparttar 149175 necessary skills required to execute which ever event you are competing in, but you are also training your body forrepparttar 149176 rigours ofrepparttar 149177 event. To given an exaggerated example, if you train for a sprint, and then try and run a marathon, your body won't be ready. If you try it, I think you could be in for some serious cramps.

History of Golf- How it all Started

Written by Martin Smith

Since beforerepparttar time Mary Queen of Scots was disciplined for playing golf two Sundays afterrepparttar 149160 murder of her husband Lord Dernley in 1567. Golf is known to have been played at St. Andrews beforerepparttar 149161 founding ofrepparttar 149162 university in 1411. It is a safe bet to say that golf was played in some form or another as much as a century before this.

Golf isrepparttar 149163 only game whose objective it is to hit a ball across a course of some kind that had sand traps, bunkers, and other obstacles to prevent you from accomplishing this. The ball is balanced in mid-air and hit to another spot belowrepparttar 149164 ground.

It wasrepparttar 149165 Scots who introducedrepparttar 149166 golf hole intorepparttar 149167 game. It was a national pastime more than four hundred years before Prince Charles fled Culloden in defeat atrepparttar 149168 hands ofrepparttar 149169 English in 1513 atrepparttar 149170 Battle of Flodden Field. At Floddenrepparttar 149171 Scots were no match forrepparttar 149172 English inrepparttar 149173 first assault and were defeated 50 years earlier. King James II bannedrepparttar 149174 game of Golf because he believed it was interfering with archery practice and he did this with a Scottish Act of Parliament. The first documented record makes references to modern golf. James III also bannedrepparttar 149175 game in 1471.

The origin of Golf is a mystery however there is a few theories out there. The first theory says that fisherman on their way back from their boats would pick up a piece of driftwood and whack a pebble to see how far it would go. They would do this repeatedly until they reachedrepparttar 149176 river. Golf is thought to have been played in Kirk Session (Church Court). The only evidence of it is found inrepparttar 149177 sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Golf is still a very popular game today. A time line is presented below that will provide you with a general idea ofrepparttar 149178 evolution of Golf intorepparttar 149179 game we know today.

16th century - Gold became established onrepparttar 149180 east coast of Scotland and began to spread. Golf was played by Jamesrepparttar 149181 VI before he accededrepparttar 149182 throne as Jamesrepparttar 149183 1st did in 1603. 1501 - Jamesrepparttar 149184 IV had his treasurer pay 14 Shillings to a bow-maker in Perth to supply them with clubs. Golf became associated with royalty, The Church, and education (i.e. St. Andrews) 17th century Golf was pursued fromrepparttar 149185 south east to as far north asrepparttar 149186 Orkney Islands. 1754 - The beginning of construction of new courses.

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