Why do people collect sheet music? There are several reasons why. First and foremost, all of us have a favorite song. No matter what walk of life you are from, you have at least one song that brings back memories of days gone by. Whetherrepparttar memories are good or bad,repparttar 116147 song has still become a part of your history.

Many people collect sheet music, especially fromrepparttar 116148 early 1900's, because ofrepparttar 116149 beautiful artwork onrepparttar 116150 front covers. There were many artists that worked for different music publishing companies, and some of these artists also went on to design for Walt Disney, and other very well known companies. If you examinerepparttar 116151 cover of many of these old pieces of sheet music, you will be able to find whererepparttar 116152 artist signedrepparttar 116153 artwork. This always increasesrepparttar 116154 value ofrepparttar 116155 piece to a collector. You will find names like Starmer, Pfeffer, Barbelle, andrepparttar 116156 mysterious "Rosebud" signature, which is generally thought to berepparttar 116157 work of several different artists that worked for Harry Rosenbaum. This mark usually consists of a rose shape within a circle, with several different variations onrepparttar 116158 basic symbol, because ofrepparttar 116159 different artists involved.

The music ofrepparttar 116160 late 1800's and very early 1900's are sometimes collected forrepparttar 116161 style of printing onrepparttar 116162 covers. These earliest pieces usually had very ornately lettered front covers, using different fonts and line graphics that are highly sought after by some areas of collectors. Not as beautiful to look at as far asrepparttar 116163 later Art-Deco styles, but still beautiful in their own way. Most were printed using only black ink on white paper, becauserepparttar 116164 color printing process had not been developed well atrepparttar 116165 time.

Feeding Cattle

Written by David Selman,

A cow can eat 25 to 30 pounds of hay a day and waste a couple of more pounds. This adds up to 27 to 32 pounds per day per cow. Allow about half this amount for weanling calves and about three-quarters for yearlings.Large round bales often do not weigh as much as you might think. It is not unusual for so ­called 1000 pound bales to weigh 800 pounds or less. In addition, bales stored outside onrepparttar ground may easily lose 20 to 30 percent more weight. Covered bales can also lose 10 to 15 percent if a portion ofrepparttar 116146 bales are in contact withrepparttar 116147 ground. Look for additional forage alternatives. Beef cattle haverepparttar 116148 ability to consume numerous types of feed and perform well. Hay can be expensive and in some years more expensive than others. Feed hay only when needed or when costs warrants doing so. A popular forage substitute is commercially prepared pasture cubes. These cubes, or large pellets, can be fed onrepparttar 116149 ground but preferably in troughs and are designed to substitute for some portion ofrepparttar 116150 hay. Use crop residues such as corn stalks. When available, crop residues can trim many days offrepparttar 116151 hay feeding period when pasture is limited. The use of supplemental feeds can reducerepparttar 116152 need for and consumption of hay. High starch supplement feeds such as corn reduce consumption of forage and hay. Corn may be "substituted" for hay. High starch feeds, such as corn, do decrease use of forages in a "free-choice" forage situation. But when forage is limited, corn can be used to "stretch"repparttar 116153 hay supply, especially when corn is relatively inexpensive. Cattle should be adapted to corn slowly over a 7 - 10 day period. As a rule of thumb, one pound of corn can replace two pounds of hay. Do not feed less than five pounds of hay per day with corn. With low-quality forages, protein often improves forage consumption and use. This is becauserepparttar 116154 protein requirements ofrepparttar 116155 rumen microbes must be met if forage is going to be effectively used. If hay doesn't meetrepparttar 116156 protein requirements ofrepparttar 116157 animal, add supplemental protein. For example, adding as little as a pound a day of a 30 to 40 percent protein feed could increase total hay consumption and assist in keeping cows in optimal body condition. Soybean meal, cottonseed meal, corn gluten feed, whole cottonseed and commercial mixtures are some suggested protein sources. Provide adequate mineral supplements. Minerals do not have to be super expensive to work, but rarely arerepparttar 116158 "cheapest" alternativesrepparttar 116159 best. Genetically superior cattle have higher mineral requirements. This becomes apparent if nutritional needs are being stretched in a difficult weather situation. Processing feeds may or may not improve efficiency. Many feedstuffs (milo, whole soybeans) need to be at least coarsely ground or hammered to make nutrients available, while others do not. Most research has shown that only marginal benefits are gained from grinding corn. In fact, fine grinding of corn increases dust and makes it more likely to cause digestive upset. The best argument for using a coarsely ground or cracked corn is that it improves mixing with other ingredients. Pick a supplement that fitsrepparttar 116160 situation. Many producers do not have time to carefully mix ingredients and balance rations. Some do not have time for daily feeding. Some products, such as whole cottonseed, are excellent sources of both energy and protein, but generally require considerable labor in feeding. Consider labor and equipment in selecting a feed to stretch forages. However, most ofrepparttar 116161 low labor alternatives cost more. This is often termedrepparttar 116162 "cost of convenience." A feed that is expensive to one producer may be a bargain to another. Manage feeding to stretch hay supplies. Feed in hay rings. Without rings, consider unrolling hay, but only ifrepparttar 116163 amount that can be consumed in one feeding can be unrolled. If too much is unrolled cows will userepparttar 116164 excess for bedding. Cut and removerepparttar 116165 strings on large bales fed in bay rings as well as that unrolled. Learn when to feed more hay. This is easier said than done. Sometimesrepparttar 116166 last 1/4 to 1/3 of a large round hay bale is weather damaged, spoiled and has low nutritive value. Forcing cattle to eat this may decrease both production and body condition. Conversely, replenishing hay beforerepparttar 116167 cattle have eatenrepparttar 116168 "good parts" of previously fed hay is inefficient and wasteful with limited hay supplies. Developingrepparttar 116169 knack to feed correctly may require thatrepparttar 116170 manager carefully observerepparttar 116171 remnant hay inrepparttar 116172 feeder to assess quality. Avoid excessive mud. Walking through mud very quickly burns energy. Many days of this can definitely decrease performance and body condition. It is also hard onrepparttar 116173 person who doesrepparttar 116174 feeding. Increase hay allotment in cold weather. Nothing makes body heat better than consumption of plenty of good hay. Corn does not increase body heat as well as hay. A little protein will allow cows to better digest hay and increase body heat.

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