CCNA 640-801 Certification Primer

Written by Seema Kannan

CCNA 640-801 Certification Primer

Seema Kannan Author, Whizlabs CCNA 640-801 Exam Simulator January 12, 2004

The Cisco Certified Network Associate (CCNA) Certification is meant for career enhancement as well as gaining knowledge ofrepparttar LAN/WAN technologies currently available for implementation. Hence, CCNA Certification can be obtained by IT professionals who have been a part ofrepparttar 109362 industry for a considerable time and are interested in furthering their career in terms of role enhancement and salary. Individuals who are beginning their career and want to move towards LAN/WAN management may also pursuerepparttar 109363 certification, as it is a basic level certification and there are no prerequisites. Details About CCNA Certification

The CCNA Certification is an ideal foundation inrepparttar 109364 field of networking. CCNA Certification equips professionals with skills to select, install, configure, troubleshoot, and operate LAN/WAN, and dial access services for small networks. CCNA Certification also equips professionals withrepparttar 109365 knowledge to employ access lists and use of protocols such as IP, IGRP, Serial, Frame Relay, IP RIP, VLANs, RIP, and basics ofrepparttar 109366 Ethernet Technology, purpose and use of Access Lists.

Pre Requisites: Nil

The CCNA exam has no pre requisites. The aspirant should be comfortable with basic concepts of LAN for his/her own convenient approach torepparttar 109367 exam.

CCNA Exams

CCNA Exam Options Single Exam Option 640-801 CCNA: Introduction to Cisco Networking Technologies and Interconnecting Cisco Networking Devices OR Multiple Exams option 1. 641-821 INTRO Beta: Introduction to Cisco Networking Technologies (INTRO) 2. 640-811 ICND: Interconnecting Cisco Networking Devices The recommended course(s) raining From Cisco are: Interconnecting Cisco Networking Devices (ICND 2.0 or ICND 2.1 ) Introduction to Cisco Networking Technologies ( INTRO ) CCNA Recertification Withrepparttar 109368 retirement of 640-607 in September 2003,repparttar 109369 available options to recertify are 640-801 or any other Professional or Cisco qualified specialist track. Validity CCNA certifications are valid for three years. Cisco Agreement Acceptingrepparttar 109370 terms of Cisco Career Certification and Confidentiality Agreement is a very important part of obtaining Cisco Certification, failing whichrepparttar 109371 application processing of certification may be halted. Exam Description The 640-801 isrepparttar 109372 exam available for aspirants pursuing Cisco Certified Network Associate (CCNA) Certification. Since 640-607 has retired,repparttar 109373 article solely concentrates onrepparttar 109374 640-801. The CCNA (640-801) exam focuses onrepparttar 109375 Interconnecting Cisco Network Devices (ICND) course as well asrepparttar 109376 new Introduction to Cisco Networking Technologies (INTRO) course. The courses andrepparttar 109377 exam ensure thatrepparttar 109378 successful candidate hasrepparttar 109379 important knowledge and skills necessary to select, connect, configure, and troubleshootrepparttar 109380 various Cisco networking devices. The exam also includes topics on Extending Switched Networks with VLANS, Determining IP Routes, Managing IP traffic with Access Lists, Establishing Point-to-Point connections, and Establishing Frame Relay Connections. Objectives The following topics listed arerepparttar 109381 most likely ones on whichrepparttar 109382 testing will focus duringrepparttar 109383 exam. Topics related to this may probably be tested further in detail too. Planning & Designing - Design a simple LAN using Cisco Technology - Design an IP addressing scheme to meet design requirements - Select an appropriate routing protocol based on user requirements - Design a simple internetwork using Cisco technology - Develop an access list to meet user specifications - Choose WAN services to meet customer requirements - Implementation & Operation - Configure routing protocols, given user requirements - Configure IP addresses, subnet masks, and gateway addresses on routers and hosts - Configure a router for additional administrative functionality - Configure a switch with VLANS and inter-switch communication - Implement a LAN - Customize a switch configuration to meet specified network requirements - Manage system image and device configuration files - Perform an initial configuration on a router - Perform an initial configuration on a switch - Implement access lists - Implement simple WAN protocols Troubleshooting - Utilizerepparttar 109384 OSI model as a guide for systematic network troubleshooting - Perform LAN and VLAN troubleshooting - Troubleshoot routing protocols - Troubleshoot IP addressing and host configuration - Troubleshoot a device as part of a working network - Troubleshoot an access list - Perform simple WAN troubleshooting Technology - Describe network communications using layered models - Describerepparttar 109385 Spanning Tree process - Compare and contrast key characteristics of LAN environments - Evaluaterepparttar 109386 characteristics of routing protocols - Evaluate TCP/IP communication process and its associated protocols - Describerepparttar 109387 components of network devices - Evaluate rules for packet control - Evaluate key characteristics of WANs

Since troubleshooting is very simplified and methodic whenrepparttar 109388 OSI layered model concepts are clear,repparttar 109389 extensive focus onrepparttar 109390 OSI model still remains in 640-801 exam along withrepparttar 109391 rest ofrepparttar 109392 basic content. The enhancement is inrepparttar 109393 Dial on Demand Routing (DDR) andrepparttar 109394 Config-register and some switching concepts.

Exam specifics

The CCNA exam I took had 58 questions to be answered in 90 minutes with a passing score of 849. The exam may have question numbers ranging from 55 to 65. The time allotted will be 90 minutes andrepparttar 109395 pattern of questions may vary from exam to exam, i.e., depending onrepparttar 109396 number of questions againstrepparttar 109397 time given,repparttar 109398 number of multiple-choice response, drag-and-drop and simulators may vary.

Exam Pattern

There will be router/switch simulator questions, many multiple choice questions and a few drag-and-drop questions along with a few multiple choice single response and fill inrepparttar 109399 blank type of questions.

When switching betweenrepparttar 109400 simulator-based questions andrepparttar 109401 rest ofrepparttar 109402 exam,repparttar 109403 simulator engine may seem a little slow. For some simulator-based questions, you will be presented with scenarios. You need to remember configuration commands and listing commands to grasprepparttar 109404 scenarios and troubleshoot them. Remember to have a blank sheet on which you can mark important points and remember to save any changes you make onrepparttar 109405 simulator relating torepparttar 109406 configuration. The simulator is very much likerepparttar 109407 real one onrepparttar 109408 routers and switches except that abbreviated editing and help commands may not be available. Ensure that you do not try these abbreviated commands and waste time, it is always better to userepparttar 109409 entire syntax of any command you may be required to use. Some concepts likerepparttar 109410 OSI model,repparttar 109411 Access lists,repparttar 109412 Subnetting etc, arerepparttar 109413 type of questions that may be time consuming, as they require single-minded concentration, very clear basics and some amount of calculation. The scenario type of questions needs an eye for detailed and clear analytical abilities. Be clear withrepparttar 109414 command line configuration commands and their switches and have an insight torepparttar 109415 kind of testingrepparttar 109416 vendor may employ. That should help you have a CCNA certificate under your belt.

Six facts you should know to empower your teaching

Written by Emmanuel SEGUI

As parents and teachers, we need to enhance our abilities to create a relationship of trust withrepparttar students orrepparttar 109361 children we interact with.

The task sometimes seems hard and we often feel discouraged. Fortunately, there is hope withrepparttar 109362 vision that both teachers and children can discoverrepparttar 109363 joy of learning.

Empowering children with self confidence and strengthening your capabilities to teach will become second hand as you integraterepparttar 109364 following six principles or beliefs. It's a sure deal.

1. The map is notrepparttar 109365 territory Wherever you travel and whenever you use a map, you know that this map doesn't show exactlyrepparttar 109366 whole territory. Some things are just not included onrepparttar 109367 map. Inrepparttar 109368 same way, our view ofrepparttar 109369 world doesn't showrepparttar 109370 complete reality. When children, as well as each one of us, experiencerepparttar 109371 world we give it meaning, which is often distorted. This fact help us understand that we need to listen to better understand children's interpretation ofrepparttar 109372 world and thus help them grow in their view ofrepparttar 109373 world, not our own, which is also only a map. 2.Every behavior has a positive intention Children sometimes show strange, unexpected behavior but we have to remember that their behavior is totally congruent to them atrepparttar 109374 present time. It is their best choice available according to their current map ofrepparttar 109375 world. Their behavior always has an intention and this intention serves them, otherwise why would they do it. Although we must remember thatrepparttar 109376 positive intention does not always manifest itselfrepparttar 109377 way we would like it to. What we need to do is find and understand it, while respectingrepparttar 109378 child we're teaching or raising.

3.There is no failure only feedback Teachers and parents often don't know how to handle failure. Bad grades should never mean bad child. It only means: "What can I do better as a teacher/parent to helprepparttar 109379 child realize that his failure is an opportunity to go forward, build his own character and buildrepparttar 109380 one characteristic necessary to become a successful person: persistence."

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