Written by Harun yahya

THE ROUNDNESS OF THE EARTH He has createdrepparttar Heavens andrepparttar 127693 Earth for Truth. He wrapsrepparttar 127694 night up inrepparttar 127695 day, and wrapsrepparttar 127696 day up inrepparttar 127697 night. (The Qur'an, 39:5)

Inrepparttar 127698 Qur'an,repparttar 127699 words used for describingrepparttar 127700 universe are quite remarkable. The Arabic word that is translated as "to wrap" inrepparttar 127701 above verse is "takwir". In English, it means "to make one thing lap over another, folded up as a garment that is laid away". (For instance, in Arabic dictionaries this word is used forrepparttar 127702 action of wrapping one thing around another, inrepparttar 127703 way that a turban is put on.) The information given inrepparttar 127704 verse aboutrepparttar 127705 day andrepparttar 127706 night wrapping each other up includes accurate information aboutrepparttar 127707 shape ofrepparttar 127708 world. This can be true only ifrepparttar 127709 earth is round. This means that inrepparttar 127710 Qur'an, which was revealed inrepparttar 127711 7th century,repparttar 127712 roundness ofrepparttar 127713 world was hinted at. It should be remembered, however, thatrepparttar 127714 understanding of astronomy ofrepparttar 127715 time perceivedrepparttar 127716 world differently. It was then thought thatrepparttar 127717 world was a flat plane and all scientific calculations and explanations were based on this belief. The verses ofrepparttar 127718 Qur'an, however, include information that we have learned only inrepparttar 127719 past century. Sincerepparttar 127720 Qur'an is God's word,repparttar 127721 most correct words were used in it when it comes to describingrepparttar 127722 universe.

THE PROTECTED ROOF Inrepparttar 127723 Qur'an, God calls our attention to a very interesting attribute ofrepparttar 127724 sky: We maderepparttar 127725 sky a preserved and protected roof yet still they turn away from Our Signs.. (The Qur'an, 21:32) This attribute ofrepparttar 127726 sky has been proved by scientific research carried out inrepparttar 127727 20th century. The atmosphere surroundingrepparttar 127728 earth serves crucial functions forrepparttar 127729 continuity of life. While destroying many meteors big and small as they approachrepparttar 127730 earth, it prevents them from falling to earth and harming living things. In addition,repparttar 127731 atmosphere filtersrepparttar 127732 light rays coming from space that are harmful to living things. Interestingly,repparttar 127733 atmosphere lets only harmless and useful rays– visible light, near ultraviolet light, and radio waves pass through. All of this radiation is vital for life. Near ultraviolet rays, which are only partially let in byrepparttar 127734 atmosphere, are very important forrepparttar 127735 photosynthesis of plants and forrepparttar 127736 survival of all living beings. The majority ofrepparttar 127737 intense ultraviolet rays emitted fromrepparttar 127738 sun are filtered out byrepparttar 127739 ozone layer ofrepparttar 127740 atmosphere and only a limited–and essential–part ofrepparttar 127741 ultraviolet spectrum reachesrepparttar 127742 Earth. The protective function ofrepparttar 127743 atmosphere does not end here. The atmosphere also protectsrepparttar 127744 earth fromrepparttar 127745 freezing cold ofrepparttar 127746 space, which is about minus 270oC. It is not onlyrepparttar 127747 atmosphere that protectsrepparttar 127748 Earth from harmful effects. In addition torepparttar 127749 atmosphere,repparttar 127750 Van Allen Belt, a layer caused byrepparttar 127751 magnetic field ofrepparttar 127752 Earth, also serves as a shield againstrepparttar 127753 harmful radiation that threatens our planet. This radiation, which is constantly emitted byrepparttar 127754 Sun and other stars, is deadly to living things. Ifrepparttar 127755 Van Allen belt did not exist,repparttar 127756 massive outbursts of energy called solar flares that frequently occur inrepparttar 127757 Sun would destroy all life on Earth. Dr. Hugh Ross has this to say onrepparttar 127758 importance of Van Allen Belts to our lives:


Written by Harun yahya

THE FUNCTION OF MOUNTAINS The Qur'an draws attention to a very important geological function of mountains. We placed firmly embedded mountains onrepparttar earth, so it would not move under them… (The Qur'an, 21:31) As we have noticed, it is stated inrepparttar 127692 verse that mountains haverepparttar 127693 function of preventing shocks inrepparttar 127694 Earth. This fact was not known by anyone atrepparttar 127695 timerepparttar 127696 Qur'an was revealed. It was in fact brought to light only recently as a result ofrepparttar 127697 findings of modern geology. According to these findings, mountains emerge as a result ofrepparttar 127698 movements and collisions of massive plates formingrepparttar 127699 Earth's crust. When two plates collide,repparttar 127700 stronger one slides underrepparttar 127701 other,repparttar 127702 one onrepparttar 127703 top bends and forms heights and mountains. The layer beneath proceeds underrepparttar 127704 ground and makes a deep extension downward. That means that mountains have a portion stretching downwards, as large as their visible parts onrepparttar 127705 Earth. In a scientific text,repparttar 127706 structure of mountains is described as follows: Where continents are thicker, as in mountain ranges,repparttar 127707 crust sinks deeper intorepparttar 127708 mantle.4 In a verse, this role ofrepparttar 127709 mountains is pointed out by a comparison with "pegs": Have We not maderepparttar 127710 earth as a bed andrepparttar 127711 mountains its pegs? (The Qur'an, 78:6-7) Mountains, in other words, clenchrepparttar 127712 plates inrepparttar 127713 Earth's crust together by extending above and beneathrepparttar 127714 Earth's surface atrepparttar 127715 conjunction points of these plates. In this way, they fixrepparttar 127716 Earth's crust, and prevent it from drifting overrepparttar 127717 magma stratum or among its plates. Briefly, we may liken mountains to nails that keep pieces of wood together. This fixing function ofrepparttar 127718 mountains is described in scientific literature byrepparttar 127719 term "isostasy". Isostasy meansrepparttar 127720 following: Isostasy: general equilibrium inrepparttar 127721 Earth's crust maintained by a yielding flow of rock material beneathrepparttar 127722 surface under gravitational stress.5 This vital role of mountains, that was discovered by modern geology and seismic research, was revealed inrepparttar 127723 Qur'an centuries ago as an example ofrepparttar 127724 supreme wisdom in God's creation. We placed firmly embedded mountains onrepparttar 127725 earth, so it would not move under them... (The Qur'an, 21:31)

THE MOVEMENT OF MOUNTAINS In one verse, we are informed that mountains are not motionless as they seem, but are in constant motion. You will seerepparttar 127726 mountains you reckoned to be solid going past like clouds. (The Qur'an, 27:88) This motion ofrepparttar 127727 mountains is caused byrepparttar 127728 movement ofrepparttar 127729 Earth's crust that they are located on. The Earth's crust 'floats' overrepparttar 127730 mantle layer, which is denser. It was atrepparttar 127731 beginning ofrepparttar 127732 20th century when, forrepparttar 127733 first time in history, a German scientist byrepparttar 127734 name of Alfred Wegener proposed thatrepparttar 127735 continents ofrepparttar 127736 earth had been attached together when it first formed, but then drifted in different directions, and thus separated as they moved away from each other.

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