Written by Machhindra Gojame


Our Efforts and Experiences – Part - II “Inrepparttar previous issue, information was given about study of system of child labour in amedpur area and remedies forrepparttar 105878 eradication ofrepparttar 105879 system, inrepparttar 105880 first part ofrepparttar 105881 article. In this second part, ofrepparttar 105882 Article our direct experiences and difficulties encountered by us are highlighted.”

To develop proper understanding ofrepparttar 105883 system of child labour of our region a survey of 15 villages from ahmedpur tahsil was conducted in oct. 1994. As perrepparttar 105884 asessment of P.H.C.repparttar 105885 total population ofrepparttar 105886 15 villages was 19014. Survey revealed that there were 466 children who were working as child Labour, out of which 64 % were girl children. Thoughrepparttar 105887 survey provided information of various aspects ofrepparttar 105888 system, here we would like to highlightrepparttar 105889 earnings of child labour and how their soci-educational backwardness is responsible for promotion and perpetuation ofrepparttar 105890 system. Survey revealed that out 466, 252 children were working inrepparttar 105891 family occupation was child Labour, majority ofrepparttar 105892 remaining child labour were daily wage earners, earning average Rs. 10/- as their daily wage. Employment was available for them for 6 to 8 month a year. It means their average annual income was rs. 1750/- only. Only 36 children were working on monthly basis, whose average annual income was around Rs. 2000/- only. Few of them were employed on yearly contract basis and their earnings were around Rs. 2000/- to Rs. 2500/- per year. It also revealed that,repparttar 105893 contribution of a child Labour to family income was around 5 to 10% only. It means, whateverrepparttar 105894 child labour earned was quite issufficiant for meating his/her own basis needs. As perrepparttar 105895 price index of Aug. 1992, a person needed minimum Rs. 11.75 only per day for meating his/her basic needs. It means a person wanted Rs. 4288/- per annum for his/her survival. It is a general fealing amongrepparttar 105896 people that parents send their children to work to meet family needs. But in reality earnings of child labour employed in any occupation are not enought to supportrepparttar 105897 family financially. Butrepparttar 105898 child labour may supporting eitherrepparttar 105899 employer to earn more orrepparttar 105900 national economy to gain strength. The naked truth is in this unholy alliance of employer and parents child pays heavy price and loose his/her childhood.

Long back, we had submitted a proposal, under a scheme of ILO, to work for eradication of system of Child Labour. Corrospondance was going on for around two years with State and Central Governments aboutrepparttar 105901 proposal. Inrepparttar 105902 mean timerepparttar 105903 scheme changed and we could not implement it.

It always happens like this, withrepparttar 105904 proposals submitted by voluntary organisations. But as perrepparttar 105905 policy ofrepparttar 105906 Government, Labour Officer, Latur freed 20 Child Labours and put them with Savitribai Fuley Servicy Centre, Udgir, for their care and maintainance. The same Government officer repeatedly requested Government did not sanction any amount for it andrepparttar 105907 organisation is in difficulties now of how to take care of these children.

Our experience is, it is easy to get financial support form other funding agencies than Government for such programmes. We could implement some concrete programmes for child labour with a financial support from Tdh and Himos. It might berepparttar 105908 experience of other organisations also. Again it is a common experience that, general public takes more interest in such programmes than Govt. officials.

For running 30 child Labour education centres and 10 creches in Chakur Tahsil, last year people contribute 17 to 18 thousands as their share. For donations 700 letters were sent to individual for their contribution for child labour education programme form Rs. 25 to Rs. 300/- were received fromrepparttar 105909 individuals contacted.

While organising Marathwada level march againstrepparttar 105910 system of child labour, any people contacted us and expressed their satisfaction about our efforts and also expressed their desire to participats actively inrepparttar 105911 campaign. Afterrepparttar 105912 march, still we receive letters from individuals and organisation. They want to participate inrepparttar 105913 campaign and expart our support and guidence in this matter. But we are aware of our own limitations. Even we could not do effective follow up ofrepparttar 105914 programme.

Situation of child labour on National Level : Our country has a vast population. Out of which around 110 million children work as Child Labour. They work is numerous occupations. Their employment in hazardous industries like carpet industry, match factories, mines cracker industries is much in news. But there many more industries and occupations in which child labour is employed and they are equally hazardous one. Duringrepparttar 105915 period of 100 years Government has enacted many laws about Child Labour. But there is not a single law which could stoprepparttar 105916 system of child labour totally. The most publicised Act on child labour is an Act of 1896. But this Act also could prohibit employment of child labour is selected hazardous industries. Butrepparttar 105917 fact is,repparttar 105918 industries which are listed in this Act also employ child Labour. Majority ofrepparttar 105919 child labour is employed in unorganised sector. There is dire need of enactment preventing employment of child labour in this sector.


Written by Machhindra Gojame


Our Efforts and Experiences – Part - I

“In allrepparttar civilized societies all overrepparttar 105877 world system of child labour is condemned as a social evil butrepparttar 105878 fact isrepparttar 105879 system is prevelent on a large scale in a country like India. It is noticed that, in recent times our society is showing some signs of awareness about this social evil. This isrepparttar 105880 first part ofrepparttar 105881 article giving details aboutrepparttar 105882 efforts undertaken in and around Ahmedpur for eradication of this system.

Since past 12 years I am working on various issues related to rural areas through People’s Institute of Rural Development and Rachanatmac Sangharsha Samiti (Maharashtra). To generate employment for farm labour through “employment guarantee scheme”is our sustained and major activity. While working with farm labour during 1988-90 I was exposed torepparttar 105883 issue of Child Labour. When I sawrepparttar 105884 children working as child or boned Labour in agriculture, I could realiserepparttar 105885 intensity of this issue.

Agriculture is a main source of employment for labour in rural areas. Child Labour working in farms, or as a bonded labour or as a herdsman has an adverse impact onrepparttar 105886 employment of adult people. When dialogue was initialed with farm labour on this issue. They narrated that when child works as a Child Labour he/she actually supportsrepparttar 105887 family. They feel that child provides something to eat to a family. This is a general feeling amongrepparttar 105888 rural masses about Child Labour. The common understanding among this labour class is more working hands means more income for a family. But this calls still could not decide, whose hands these should be? They are not understanding that small hands are depriving of big hands from employment.

The difficult life they are living and ignorance of these farm labour is responsible for such type of their attitude towards their own children. It made us realised that there is a need of structural changes inrepparttar 105889 society and we resolved to work for structural changes. Inrepparttar 105890 society and we resolved to work for structural changes. Inrepparttar 105891 initial period neither we had any plan nor a concrete stralgy to deal withrepparttar 105892 situation. We decide to have a dialogue with farm labour on this issue. Already we were discussing with them about employment minimum wages, equal wages for equal work, laws forrepparttar 105893 profection of a farm labour etc. while discussing these issue we always had positive attitude and approach. We used to tell them sending children to work means depriving of themrepparttar 105894 apportunity to go to school. If a child will not to go to school, he/she will grow as illiterate person. Valnerable for all sorts of exploitation please send them to school. It will be better if they remain unemployed after getting e ducation. We were always insisting that they should send their children to school. Our perception was if children will go to school then automatically no. of child labour will be reduced which will result in generating some employment for Addults. After sometime, we realised that, what ever efforts we may do, it will never be possible to aduilt allrepparttar 105895 children from this class to school. This realisation directed us to conceive a programme called "Education programme for child Labour" Immediately its implementation was started. Inrepparttar 105896 process of implementation of this nonformal education programme for child Labour, in depth thinking was going on, on this issue. At this juncture, TDH and YUVA tookrepparttar 105897 initiative and started "Campaign against Child Labour" on 14th Nov. 1992. Sincerepparttar 105898 first meeting we are associated with this campaign and working for it. Though we have an ambition to work for eradication of a system of Child Labour we are aware ofrepparttar 105899 scope and magnitude ofrepparttar 105900 problem and our own limitations. Therefore; based on our own assessment of our capacities we have decided to implement following programmes;

1)Education programme for child Labour. 2)Creche Programme for children of farm Labour; and 3)Campaign against Child Labour.

1) Edcuation Programme for child Labour : This programme is initialed with an objective to provide opportunity to those Children of below 14 age to get education, who could not go to school or who are school dropouts. And due this reason they work as Child Labour. This programme will enable them to learn 3 Rs. And may be make them capable to appear for Std II or Std VII examinations. They may be become a part of main streme education. In a period of three years 20 education centres were of ended in 20 villages. Around 600 to 800 children were enrolled in these centres. Selected children were prepared for Std IV examination. They were motivated and supported in this venture. Inrepparttar 105901 period 1992-93 --- 1994-95 183 children appeared for Std IV examination. Out of which 122 passedrepparttar 105902 same and from those who passed 68% were girls. Along with those who appeared for examination, 139 other children joinedrepparttar 105903 main streme of education this is our achievement. It could be possible due to purposeful effort.

a)Village level programme: A:1100% enrollment in schools. In allrepparttar 105904 20 villages a list of children inrepparttar 105905 age group 5½ to 7 is prepared every year. The purpose is, they should be enrolled in schools. Non-formal education centre co-ordinator and village education committee fully participate in this endearour.

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