Bush Victory: A Defeat for the Have-nots?

Written by Virginia Bola, PsyD

The shouting is over and directions forrepparttar next four years selected. Judging by past behavior (the best predictor, psychologically, of future behavior), we can look forward to:

1. Continued and probably expanded tax cuts forrepparttar 125893 wealthiest Americans and large Corporations. It is no surprise thatrepparttar 125894 stock market soared onrepparttar 125895 election news: big business stands to gain greatly byrepparttar 125896 results. Predictions? A strong effort to curtail product lawsuits, no matter how valid, to protect bottom line profits and continued tax incentives to offshore jobs to third world countries where labor costs are low, worker protections minimal, and profitability unlimited.

2. Protection of drug companies by barring pharmaceutical imports from Canada and discouragement ofrepparttar 125897 formation of purchasing cartels for Medicare and other public programs.

3. Semi-privatization of Social Security leading torepparttar 125898 emigration of higher paid young employees into private plans, unavoidably diminishingrepparttar 125899 influx of money available for current and future recipients.

4. Expanded funding forrepparttar 125900 morass of Iraq and support forrepparttar 125901 new Afghani government, benefitingrepparttar 125902 Haliburtons ofrepparttar 125903 world rather thanrepparttar 125904 American worker.

Fact to Fiction: The brutal truth about the practice of stoning

Written by Brooke Sikula

“Like humans void of soul or mind, they jeered and yelled as they went about selecting their most jagged stones.” – David Hearne, excerpt from Hulagu's Web.

Stoning is a brutal and outdated practice that is kept alive only by Muslims under Sharia rule. Although it has been practiced since biblical times, every other culture has systematically ceasedrepparttar practice in favor of more humane forms of punishment. The torturous sentence leavesrepparttar 125892 victim in agony. David Hearne, in his book Hulagu's Web, shows us how painful it can be. “Terror ripped through her mind…then suddenlyrepparttar 125893 first stone smashed into her…” (Hulagu's Web, 64) The only solituderepparttar 125894 punished has is that they will soon die.

Stoning is typically a punishment for adultery, although it can also be use for cases of incest and other sexual or “moral” crimes. Typically, a stoning victim is first wrapped in cloth and buried up torepparttar 125895 waist for men, or up torepparttar 125896 chest for females. Thenrepparttar 125897 crowd is to throw stones atrepparttar 125898 victim. However, it is very important that, “… no stone should be thrown that should kill withrepparttar 125899 first or second blow, or so small as a pebble to do no injury torepparttar 125900 condemned.” (Hulagu's Web, 64) Stoning is a unique form of punishment in that there is no single executioner. The simplistic act of gatheringrepparttar 125901 victim’s peers around him creates killers out of everyone.

Today, stoning is only practiced in Islamic culture in order to maintainrepparttar 125902 submission of its women and those inrepparttar 125903 lower cast. Only those impoverished or socially unimportant are punished by stoning. This barbaric act parallels those ofrepparttar 125904 4th century Theodosius who punished those who did not share his religious views. He ordered all non-Christian temples be destroyed and that all heathens be executed unless they convert. His decree now lives on inrepparttar 125905 hands of religious Islamic tyrants that now employrepparttar 125906 brutal act of stoning. These acts of barbarism and violence far outweighrepparttar 125907 moral transgression of those condemned.

Stoning has been in practice since biblical times. Inrepparttar 125908 Old Testament, God is quoted as requiring stoning as a punishment for breaking one ofrepparttar 125909 Ten Commandments, particularly for committing adultery. However, inrepparttar 125910 New Testament, Jesus is believed to have replaced that type of punishment for a more humane punishment. He is quoted as having challenged, “he that is without sin among you, let him first cast a stone at her.” This is why stoning has slowly been replaced with punishments that require less involvement of ones peers. As we realizerepparttar 125911 impact of such a brutal death, we realize that we have no right to take part in killing another when we too have sinned. This imparting of sin on all those who partake in it isrepparttar 125912 very reason most cultures have abandonedrepparttar 125913 practice.

We already see a disintegration ofrepparttar 125914 practice of stoning in Islamic culture. Only those under Sharia rule still practice it. In this culture, there is no distinction between religious and governmental law. Religion is governmental law. More information on Islam and Sharia law can be found at http://answering-islam.org.uk/. Amongrepparttar 125915 countries that still practice stoning are Afghanistan, Iran, Nigeria, Saudi Arabia, Sudan andrepparttar 125916 United Arab Emirates. Other Islamic countries denouncerepparttar 125917 practice as inhumane and indicate thatrepparttar 125918 Qur’an provides no grounds for such a vicious practice. Those who practice stoning claim that it is demanded by Islam and have gone so far as incorporating it into their countries penal codes.

From these deep rooted laws regarding stoning, there have been a few recent cases of global interest where stoning has been received as a punishment. In December 2004 a woman in Iran was scheduled to be stoned to death after spending five years in prison for committing adultery. She was one of over 100 to be stoned to death in Iran last year alone. In Nigeria, a woman was sentenced to stoning after giving birth to a baby more than nine months after divorcing. To her good fortune, this sentence was overturned. More instances of recent convictions resulting in stoning can be found at http://www.religioustolerance.org/isl_adul1.htm. With international efforts to stop stoning,repparttar 125919 rulings are being overturned with more frequency, hopefully giving less credibility to Sharia law.

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