Benefits of E-Publishing

Written by Pawan Bangar,Birbals,India


Just like all other aspects of life,repparttar digital revolution has taken onrepparttar 107783 world of publishing also. With digital publishing coming torepparttar 107784 fore,repparttar 107785 publishing world has undergone several fundamental changes. Earlier, publishing was strictly related to paper. However, now paperless publishing or electronic publishing is gaining more prominence. Electronic publishing or ‘e-publishing in which books, journals and magazine are being produced and stored electronically rather than in print. These publications have all qualities ofrepparttar 107786 normal publishing likerepparttar 107787 use of colours, graphics, and images and are much convenient also. Electronic publishing empowers all writers in way that no technology has ever done before. Whatever you write--- fiction, poetry, news, how-to books or business documents--- there are exciting things happening that will directly effect how you write and distribute work.

The digital revolution has not just benefit writers alone, but has also revolutionizedrepparttar 107788 works ofrepparttar 107789 artists, photographers, and other creative person. There are already hundreds of thousands of books and journals published inrepparttar 107790 digital format and their number is rising every day. People are looking at electronic publishing optimistically as it is going to play a pivotal role inrepparttar 107791 modern world of e-commerce. Electronic publications may be produced in a variety of formats, including online, onrepparttar 107792 disk or CD-ROM, as a fire that can be downloaded or transmitted via e-mail or as a file that that can be downloaded to a hand-held electronic reader or a similar device. Many e-publishers offer books in several of these formats. E-publishers produce and distribute new books, which are appearing forrepparttar 107793 first time and many only appear in electronic formats (though some may also be produced in a "books on demand" format as well).

Thus, e-publishing does not includerepparttar 107794 following type of electronic books production: providing electronic text versions of previously published works (such as classic literature, non-copyrighted material, or works that have enteredrepparttar 107795 public domain), either online or on CD-ROM, offering on an electronic version of a book that is simultaneously being produced on print. In this case,repparttar 107796 book would be considered a print publication, andrepparttar 107797 electronic edition would be considered a subsidiary form of publication. Electronic publishing is relatively a new concept, but offer a lot of opportunity to creative person, both for self-employment and regular jobs. The best part of this career is that since, every-thing has to be done on compute; those telecommuting can also pursue this career. These are many publishers, sites, and news wires, who want people to work from their home. The demand for such person in electronic publishing is more in B2V (business to business) portals where there are good revenues also.

Know XML

Written by Pawan Bangar,Birbals,India

Introduction to XML

XML--- extensible markup Language --- is an exciting development in web technology. It isrepparttar youngest and most comprehensive of markup Language. (Markup refers to any thing on a document that adds special meaning to a particular text; for example, bold text is a form of markup). This language gotrepparttar 107782 name Extensible Markup Language fromrepparttar 107783 characteristic that is not restricted to fixed set of tags, as is HTML (Hypertext Markup Language). An XML user creates his own tags according to need. A tag is a sequence of characters in a markup language used to provide information, such as formatting specifications, about a document.

Markup languages are roughly classified into three types:

•Stylistic ----- defines character presentation; for example bold, italics, underline, font etc. •Structural ----- definerepparttar 107784 structure ofrepparttar 107785 document as for heading and paragraph. •Semantic ----- informs us aboutrepparttar 107786 content ofrepparttar 107787 data, like giving a title.

SGML (Standardised Generalised Markup Language) isrepparttar 107788 mother of all markup languages and has been in existence sincerepparttar 107789 late 1960s. In 1986 it becomes an international standard for definingrepparttar 107790 markup languages. It is used to create other languages, including HTML, which is very popular for its use onrepparttar 107791 web. HTML was made by Tim Berners Lee in 1991. While on one hand SGML is very effective but complex, onrepparttar 107792 other, HTML is very easy but limited to a fixed set of tags. This situation raisedrepparttar 107793 need for a language that was as effective as SGML and atrepparttar 107794 same time as simple as HTML. This gap has now been filled by XML.

The development of XML started in 1996, when a team led by Jon Bosak of sun Microsystems began work on a project for remoulding and cuttingrepparttar 107795 inessential parts of SGML. They tookrepparttar 107796 best of SGML, guided byrepparttar 107797 experience with HTML, and produced something that was no powerful, but much simpler to use. The World Wide Web Consortium also contributes torepparttar 107798 creation and development ofrepparttar 107799 standard for XML. The specifications for XML were laid down in just 26 pages, compared torepparttar 107800 500+ page specifications that define SGML.

Although, XML looks like HTML, there is a world of a difference. While HTML specifies what each tag and attribute means and howrepparttar 107801 text define by it will look in a browser, XML usesrepparttar 107802 tag only to delimit pieces of data, and leavesrepparttar 107803 interpretation ofrepparttar 107804 data completely torepparttar 107805 application that reads it. For example, if we see "" in an XML file, it may or may not mean bold (as in HTML) ---- it may mean 'book', ‘bank' or anything else specified byrepparttar 107806 programmer. HTML is only a presentation technology ----it carries no description ofrepparttar 107807 content held within its tags ----whereas in XML a programmer can describerepparttar 107808 text in its own tag. Moreover we can specifyrepparttar 107809 importance of a tag in XML so that a hierarchy of data can be represented, which is not possible in HTML.

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