BIGSQUID RFID : Emerging to RFID Enterprise Solution

Written by Gireesh

About RFID Radio frequency identification or RFID, is a generic term for technologies that use radio waves to automatically identify

people or objects. There are several methods of identification, butrepparttar most common is to store a serial number that

identifies a person or object, and perhaps other information, on a microchip that is attached to an antenna (the chip andrepparttar 133357

antenna together are called an RFID transponder or an RFID tag. Visit for more information on this).

The antenna enablesrepparttar 133358 chip to transmitrepparttar 133359 identification information to a reader. The reader convertsrepparttar 133360 radio waves

reflected back fromrepparttar 133361 RFID tag into digital information that can then be passed on torepparttar 133362 computers that can make use of


Objective The objective of any RFID system is to carry data in suitable transponders, generally known as tags, and to retrieve data, by

machine-readable means, at a suitable time and place to satisfy particular application needs. Data within a tag may provide

identification for an item in manufacture, goods in transit, a location, and identity of a vehicle, an animal or individual.

By including additional datarepparttar 133363 prospect is provided for supporting applications through item specific information or

instructions immediately available on readingrepparttar 133364 tag.

The system requires, in addition to tags, a means of reading or interrogatingrepparttar 133365 tags and some means of communicatingrepparttar 133366

data to a host computer or information management system. A system will also include a facility for entering or programming

data intorepparttar 133367 tags. Quite often an antenna is distinguished as if it were a separate part of an RFID system. While its

importance justifiesrepparttar 133368 attention it must be seen as a feature that is present in both readers and tags, essential forrepparttar 133369

communication betweenrepparttar 133370 two. To understand and appreciaterepparttar 133371 capabilities of RFID systems it is necessary to consider

their constituent parts. It is also necessary to considerrepparttar 133372 data flow requirements that influencerepparttar 133373 choice of systems and

the practicalities of communicating acrossrepparttar 133374 air interface. By consideringrepparttar 133375 system components and their function within

the data flow chain it is possible to grasp most ofrepparttar 133376 important issues that influencerepparttar 133377 effective application of RFID.

However, it is useful to begin by briefly consideringrepparttar 133378 manner in which wireless communication is achieved, asrepparttar 133379

techniques involved have an important bearing uponrepparttar 133380 design ofrepparttar 133381 system components.

Components of RFID

RFID Reader : The Reader is a radio frequency device used to read data fromrepparttar 133382 microchip contained inrepparttar 133383 RFID tag. RFID readers use a

variety of methods to communicate with tags. The most common method for reading passive tags at close range is called

inductive coupling. Simply put,repparttar 133384 coiled antenna ofrepparttar 133385 reader creates a magnetic field withrepparttar 133386 coiled antenna ofrepparttar 133387 tag.

The tag draws energy from this field and uses it to send back waves torepparttar 133388 reader, which is turned into digital information -

the tag's electronic product code. A Reader comprises of a transmitter, receiver, control module and communication functions, sometimes called a transceiver in

radio terms for it to link to a controlling PC. Readers should have an attached antenna, which is used to transmit and

receiverepparttar 133389 radio frequency signal. Each reader is accompanied with PC compatible software that allowsrepparttar 133390 user to read and

program tags. Win 2K, XP, ME are some ofrepparttar 133391 operating systems compatible with our Readers.

RFID Tag : An RFID tag or transponder is a wireless system composed of an electronic chip (semi-conductor device) with a memory where

data can be stored. The memory can be permanent or volatile. They are classified within two frequency ranges, namely 125 KHz

(low frequency) and 13.56 MHz (high frequency).

The RFID Business Case: RFID inrepparttar 133392 Receiving Business Process: RFID readers are placed inrepparttar 133393 receiving area to monitor pallet and case RFID tags.

Business Intelligence Solutions for the Retail Industry

Written by Mitchell Dubin

Traditionally,repparttar retail industry has lagged behind other industries in adopting new technologies, and this holds true in its acceptance of BI technology. Some industries, such as financial services, have become very sophisticated in using BI software for financial reporting and consolidation, customer intelligence, regulatory compliance, and risk management. However, retailers are quickly catching up and beginning to recognizerepparttar 133356 many areas of BI that can be applied specifically to their businesses.

The competitive game is changing for retail. Asrepparttar 133357 industry continues to consolidate, retailers have begun to realize that using technology to better understand customer buying behavior, to drive sales and profitability, and to reduce operational costs is a necessity for long-term survival.

Retailers are now paying significant attention to BI software, specifically inrepparttar 133358 areas of merchandise intelligence (including merchandise planning, assortment, size, space, price, promotion, and markdown optimization), customer intelligence (including marketing automation, marketing optimization, and market basket analysis), operational intelligence (including IT portfolio management, labor optimization, and real estate site selection), and competitive intelligence. There are many factors that have led retailers to adopt BI software: increased competition,repparttar 133359 need to squeeze more profitability out of less space, prevalent credit card usage,repparttar 133360 Internet's role as an alternative sales channel,repparttar 133361 popularity of loyalty cards, and soon, RFID (radio frequency identification). These milestones have created a wealth of data that retailers are now beginning to appreciate and use.

Within individual companies, we viewrepparttar 133362 history of BI in retail through a method that we devised to describerepparttar 133363 status of any company's evolution toward becoming an intelligent enterprise. We believe that organizations pass through five fundamental stages as they advance in their use of BI as a competitive differentiator:

Operate -- At this most basic level arerepparttar 133364 companies rife with information mavericks:repparttar 133365 guys in basement offices hammering away on desktop spreadsheets. If they go,repparttar 133366 knowledge goes with them. There are no processes, and each request becomes an ad hoc data rebuild, resulting in multiple versions ofrepparttar 133367 truth, withrepparttar 133368 likelihood of a different answer to any one question every time it is asked. Consolidate -- At this stage, a company has pulled together its data atrepparttar 133369 departmental level. Here, a question getsrepparttar 133370 same answer every time, at least withinrepparttar 133371 department. However, departmental interests and interdepartmental competition can skewrepparttar 133372 integrity ofrepparttar 133373 output and result in multiple versions ofrepparttar 133374 truth. Integrate -- At this point inrepparttar 133375 evolution, a company has adopted enterprise-wide data and bases its decisions on this more complete information. This company is beginning to have a true awareness of additional opportunities forrepparttar 133376 use of BI to improve processes and profits. Optimize -- At this stage,repparttar 133377 company's knowledge workers are very focused on incremental process improvements and refiningrepparttar 133378 value-creation process. Everyone understands and uses analysis, trending, pattern analysis, and predictive results to increase efficiency and effectiveness. The extended value chain becomes increasingly critical torepparttar 133379 organization, includingrepparttar 133380 customers, suppliers, and partners who constitute intercompany communities. Innovate -- This level represents a major, quantum break withrepparttar 133381 past. It exploitsrepparttar 133382 understanding ofrepparttar 133383 value-creation process acquired inrepparttar 133384 optimize stage and replicates that efficiency with new products in new markets. Companies operating at this level understand what they do well and apply this expertise to new areas of opportunity, thus multiplyingrepparttar 133385 number of revenue streams flowing intorepparttar 133386 enterprise. Armed with information and business process knowledge, organizations approachingrepparttar 133387 innovate level will introduce truly innovative products and services that reflect their unique understanding ofrepparttar 133388 market, their internal strengths and weaknesses, and an unfailing flow of ideas from continuously engaged employees. We are finding that most large retailers have reached or are approachingrepparttar 133389 integrate stage, with many making great strides towardrepparttar 133390 optimize and innovate levels. There is an enormous opportunity forrepparttar 133391 evolution to continue -- within every retail organization.

The Presence of BI inrepparttar 133392 Retail IT Infrastructure

Inrepparttar 133393 typical retail IT infrastructure, there are two fundamental categories of systems: transactional/operational systems, such as POS and purchase order management systems; and analytic/BI systems.

Operational and transactional systems such as merchandise management, ERP (enterprise resource planning), and POS, are very good at what they do -- organizing huge amounts of operational data and transactions. These systems can tell retailers what has happened in their business and what their customers have done -- last week, last month, and last year.

It's critical, however, for retailers to understand what will happen: whatrepparttar 133394 demand will be for a select assortment of merchandise, what impact an incremental price change will have on demand, which floor plan will sell more designer shoes, which customers will respond to a direct mail or catalog offer.

Real value comes from systems that go beyondrepparttar 133395 limitations of operational software alone, systems that can take operational data and create enterprise intelligence and predictive insights.

These BI systems must combine data management (consolidating, organizing, and cleansing huge amounts of disparate data from varying systems and platforms) with predictive analytics (data mining, forecasting, optimization). When they do, retailers can make sense of customer, product, supplier, and operational data and draw insights that will help them run their businesses better and more profitably.

Leading retailers aroundrepparttar 133396 globe -- like Wal-Mart, Foot Locker, Staples, Williams-Sonoma, and and many others -- have begun using BI and analytics to make an array of strategic decisions. These include where to place retail outlets, how many of each size or color of an item to put in each store, and when and how much to discount. The effects of these decisions can save or generate millions of dollars for retailers.

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