Artificial Intelligence And Intuition

Written by Abraham Thomas

The intuitive algorithm

Roger Penrose considered it impossible. Thinking could never imitate a computer process. He said as much in his book, The Emperor's New Mind. But, a new book, The Intuitive Algorithm, (IA), suggested that intuition was a pattern recognition process. Intuition propelled information through many neural regions like a lightning streak. Data moved from input to output in a reported 20 milliseconds. The mind saw, recognized, interpreted and acted. Inrepparttar blink of an eye. Myriad processes converted light, sound, touch and smell instantly into your nerve impulses. A dedicated region recognized those impulses as objects and events. The limbic system, another region, interpreted those events to generate emotions. A fourth region responded to those emotions with actions. The mind perceived, identified, evaluated and acted. Intuition got you offrepparttar 148095 hot stove in a fraction of a second. And it could be using a simple algorithm.

Is instant holistic evaluation impossible?

The system, with over a hundred billion neurons, processedrepparttar 148096 information from input to output in just half a second. All your knowledge was evaluated. Walter Freeman,repparttar 148097 famous neurobiologist, defined this amazing ability. "The cognitive guys think it's just impossible to keep throwing everything you've got intorepparttar 148098 computation every time. But, that is exactly whatrepparttar 148099 brain does. Consciousness is about bringing your entire history to bear on your next step, your next breath, your next moment." The mind was holistic. It evaluated all its knowledge forrepparttar 148100 next activity. How could so much information be processed so quickly? Where could such knowledge be stored?

Exponential growth ofrepparttar 148101 search path

Unfortunately,repparttar 148102 recognition of subtle patterns posed formidable problems for computers. The difficulty was an exponential growth ofrepparttar 148103 recognition search path. The problems inrepparttar 148104 diagnosis of diseases was typical. Normally, many shared symptoms were presented by a multitude of diseases. For example, pain, or fever could be indicated for many diseases. Each symptom pointed to several diseases. The problem was to recognize a single pattern among many overlapping patterns. When searching forrepparttar 148105 target disease,repparttar 148106 first selected ailment withrepparttar 148107 first presented symptom could lackrepparttar 148108 second symptom. This meant back and forth searches, which expanded exponentially asrepparttar 148109 database of diseases increased in size. That maderepparttar 148110 process absurdly long drawn – theoretically, even years of search, for extensive databases. So, in spite of their incredible speed, rapid pattern recognition on computers could never be imagined.

The Intuitive Algorithm

But, industry strength pattern recognition was feasible. IA introduced an algorithm, which could instantly recognize patterns in extended databases. The relationship of each member ofrepparttar 148111 whole database was coded for each question.

(Is pain a symptom ofrepparttar 148112 disease?)

Disease1Y, Disease2N, Disease3Y, Disease 4Y, Disease5N, Disease6N, Disease7Y, Disease8N, Disease9N, Disease10N, Disease11Y, Disease12Y, Disease13N, Disease14U, Disease15Y, Disease16N, Disease17Y, Disease18N, Disease19N, Disease20N, Disease21N, Disease22Y, Disease23N, Disease24N, Disease25U, Disease26N, Disease27N, Disease28U, Disease27Y, Disease30N, Disease31U, Disease32Y, Disease33Y, Disease34U, Disease35N, Disease36U, Disease37Y, Disease38Y, Disease39U, Disease40Y, Disease41Y, Disease42U, Disease43N, Disease44U, Disease45Y, Disease46N, Disease47N, Disease48Y,

(Y = Yes: N = No: U = Uncertain)

The key was to use elimination to evaluaterepparttar 148113 database, not selection. Every member ofrepparttar 148114 database was individually coded for elimination inrepparttar 148115 context of each answer.

(Is pain a symptom ofrepparttar 148116 disease? Answer: YES)

Disease1Y, xxxxxxN, Disease3Y, Disease4Y, xxxxxx5N, xxxxxx6N, Disease7Y, xxxxxx8N, xxxxxx9N, xxxxxx0N, Disease11Y, Disease12Y, xxxxxx13N, Disease14U, Disease15Y, xxxxxx16N, Disease17Y, xxxxxx18N, xxxxxx19N, xxxxxx20N, xxxxxx21N, Disease22Y, xxxxxx23N, xxxxxx24N, Disease25U, xxxxxx26N, xxxxxx27N, Disease28U, Disease27Y, xxxxxx30N, Disease31U, Disease32Y, Disease33Y, Disease34U, xxxxxx35N, Disease36U, Disease37Y, Disease38Y, Disease39U, Disease40Y, Disease41Y, Disease42U, xxxxxx43N, Disease 44U, Disease45Y, xxxxxx46N, xxxxxx47N, Disease 48Y,

(All "N" Diseases eliminated.)

For disease recognition, if an answer indicated a symptom, IA eliminated all diseases devoid ofrepparttar 148117 symptom. Every answer eliminated, narrowingrepparttar 148118 search to reach diagnosis.

(Is pain a symptom ofrepparttar 148119 disease? Answer: NO)

xxxxxx1Y, Disease2N, xxxxxx3Y, xxxxxx4Y, Disease5N, Disease6N, xxxxxx7Y, Disease8N, Disease9N, Disease10N, xxxxxx11Y, xxxxx12Y, Disease13N, Disease14U, xxxxxx15Y, Disease16N, xxxxxx17Y, Disease18N, Disease19N, Disease20N, Disease21N, xxxxxx22Y, Disease23N, Disease24N, Disease25U, Disease26N, Disease27N, Disease28U, xxxxxx27Y, Disease30N, Disease31U, xxxxxx32Y, xxxxxx33Y, Disease34U, Disease35N, Disease36U, xxxxxx37Y, xxxxxx38Y, Disease39U, xxxxxx40Y, xxxxxx41Y, Disease42U, Disease43N, Disease 44U, xxxxxx45Y, Disease46N, Disease47N, xxxxxx48Y,

(All "Y" Diseases eliminated.)

Ifrepparttar 148120 symptom was absent, IA eliminated all diseases which always exhibitedrepparttar 148121 symptom. Diseases, which randomly presentedrepparttar 148122 symptom were retained in both cases. Sorepparttar 148123 process handled uncertainty –repparttar 148124 “Maybe” answer, which normal computer programs could not handle.

(A sequence of questions narrows down to Disease27 -repparttar 148125 answer.)

xxxxxx1Y, xxxxxx2N, xxxxxx3Y, xxxxxx4Y, xxxxxx5N, xxxxxx6N, xxxxxx7Y, xxxxxx8N, xxxxxx9N, xxxxxx10N, xxxxxx11Y, xxxxxx12Y, xxxxxx13N, xxxxxx14U, xxxxxx15Y, xxxxxx16N, xxxxxx17Y,xxxxxx18N, xxxxxx19N, xxxxxx20N, xxxxxx21N, xxxxxx22Y, xxxxxx23N, xxxxxx24N, xxxxxx25U, xxxxxx26N, xxxxxx27N, xxxxxx28U, Disease27Y, xxxxxx30N, xxxxxx31U, xxxxxx32Y, xxxxxx33Y, xxxxxx34U, xxxxxx35N, xxxxxx36U, xxxxxx37Y, xxxxxx38Y, xxxxxx39U, xxxxxx40Y, xxxxxx41Y, xxxxxx42U, xxxxxx43N, xxxxxx44U, xxxxxx45Y, xxxxxx46N, xxxxxx47N, xxxxxx48Y.

Fair Sentences

Written by konstantin otto

Fair sentences! "Objective Subjectivity is to appreciaterepparttar subjectivity own by a being, without to try deform it [contaminate] withrepparttar 147678 subjectivity ofrepparttar 147679 appreciator!" Josif Visarionovitsch Djugaschvilli [otherwise STALIN] Sentences are divided in " Sincere and Honest" and " False and Dishonest". The second group is extremely complicated and it doesn't fit to be analyzed here [do to author's intellectual incompetence - note by translator]. The group remained we divided in: "Perfect sentences" arerepparttar 147680 Divine ones and "Imperfect Sentences" arerepparttar 147681 Human ones. Some sentences express facts [observed phenomena] and other desires [phenomena that should happen]. Openingrepparttar 147682 window: "it is cold!" or looking atrepparttar 147683 thermometer: "thermometer shows 12ºC",repparttar 147684 first sentence is "subjective". The second, inrepparttar 147685 case of analog thermometer is less subjective. Inrepparttar 147686 case ofrepparttar 147687 digital thermometerrepparttar 147688 second sentence is objective!? But allrepparttar 147689 three sentences judges "tangible phenomenon". Other sentences onrepparttar 147690 "tangible" natural phenomena: "Delbert is cheerful and happy". -"Delbert's brain is replete of endorphins", are expressingrepparttar 147691 same phenomenon in a different way, they are almost totally impersonal and almost without any nuance of desire [subjectivity]. The sentence: "Rain should begin et 21 hours and finish at 4 hours, et 7 hours it should already be everything dry andrepparttar 147692 sun should shine!" this sentence expressrepparttar 147693 desire orrepparttar 147694 opinion [judging quality ofrepparttar 147695 weather/climate] orrepparttar 147696 two! Sentences that judgerepparttar 147697 intangible phenomena [moral, faith and justice] are found in instincts. Most ofrepparttar 147698 people possess almost identical instincts. Nor like this a groups with genetic deviations. It is difficult to analyze and to seek differences in almost equal judgments. Butrepparttar 147699 extremities, whererepparttar 147700 differences are expressive, are easy to analyze. A student during a lively party declared, sincerely and solemnly:

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