Alternative Energy Series Water - The Perfect Fuel

Written by Ed Howes

As a freshman in high school, I failed chemistry class due to an extreme disinterest inrepparttar entire subject. I do recall a demonstration in whichrepparttar 127614 teacher hooked a large one and a half volt battery to a glass and wire electrolyzer that transformed water into separated hydrogen and oxygen. I would later learn that commercial hydrogen and oxygen producers also used this method in an inefficient manner that requires more energy thanrepparttar 127615 fuel produced can generate through combustion.

Inrepparttar 127616 late eighties I would learn that a boy genius in California learned to make hydrogen from water efficiently with a twelve volt battery and standard auto electrical system, duringrepparttar 127617 1970s. Around 1990, my machinist neighbor built a hydrogen generator that did not work due to defects inrepparttar 127618 plansrepparttar 127619 boy genius had drawn up in prison when he was no longer a boy.

My neighbor was not interested in correctingrepparttar 127620 defect when it was discovered and I was only a bit disappointed. My father was a hobby style inventor and he gave me a good idea for a cheaper and much more effective 12 volt hydrogen generator. I never got around to building it and decided there was no point in separatingrepparttar 127621 oxygen andrepparttar 127622 hydrogen after splittingrepparttar 127623 water.

Becauserepparttar 127624 hydrogen and oxygen have opposite electrical charges, they readily recombine as a compound I call hydrox. The man who discovered this gas and fooled with it to make underwater welders and cutting torches, namedrepparttar 127625 gas after himself, so hydrox is also known as Brownís gas. Simply put, hydrox is an oxygenated fuel, which means it burns hotter and faster than a non oxygenated fuel. In WWIIrepparttar 127626 Germans used hydrogen peroxide as a liquid rocket fuel. H2O2 is a super oxygenated fuel, highly caustic, corrosive and dangerous to work with. Hydrox, however, is no more corrosive than water. Flat plate electrodes one sixteenth inch apart, made of stainless steel will last a long time if clean water is used. Clean water can be had from relatively inexpensive filters which can be carried on a vehicle. Having a good filter can also help supply one with potable water when clean water no longer flows fromrepparttar 127627 pipes at home.

Big Energy talks only about a hydrogen economy - using expensive technology to manufacture a product that can be made inexpensively by anyone who wants it. The idea of water power is far too democratic to control. The rain falls both onrepparttar 127628 just andrepparttar 127629 unjust. If people put water in their fuel tanks and make enough fuel with a few watts of electricity that then makes kilowatts or megawatts of power in a combustion engine, who will buy hydrogen at fueling stations? Most Americans buy water cheaply compared to its value because of its relative abundance. Inrepparttar 127630 U.S. it is usually cheaper to buy than to collect, store or drill for. Dry nations only need water pipelines from neighboring wet nations. Seaside countries can desalinate and filter sea water and pipe where needed. How canrepparttar 127631 corporate fascists gain control of water? Only by convincing everyone we need their new technology.

Water is to democratic energy access asrepparttar 127632 internet is to democratic discussion, information distribution and personal activism. This fact will be concealed for as long as possible and a few of us will be wise torepparttar 127633 game. Without water we cannot live long. It exists in altered forms with special properties. When we know what there is to know about water, we will be wiser than any who have come before.

Alternative Energy Series Fast Burn Conversion

Written by Ed Howes

The best candidates for fast burn conversion are spark ignited piston engines with adjustable spark timing. Those with carburetors as original equipment do not have computers that control additional automotive functions besides fuel metering and spark timing. The fast burn engine canít use computer management as a low cost conversion option. If an idle circuit similar to that of a carburetor is added to a fuel injection throttle body as a spacer plate, a throttle body might be able to serve as a basic carburetor for cold vapor fuel. Many modern fuel injected engines can be owner retrofitted with carburetors and aftermarket or used factory intake manifolds for use with carburetors.

The traditional multi circuit carburetor is not required for vapor fuel, but is less expensive than producing new twin circuit carburetors designed specifically for vapor fuel. All carburetor air vents should be plugged so engine vacuum signals draw only fromrepparttar unvented carburetor fuel bowl, which is connected torepparttar 127613 fuel bubbler inrepparttar 127614 tank or racing fuel cell. The fuel float and needle valve assembly is removed. Any accelerator pump is removed andrepparttar 127615 enrichment hole is plugged. In carburetors that use vacuum power valves, such can be used to fine tune vapor flow according to vacuum signals. The idle circuit must retain adjustment from barely open to wide open.

Rod and jet enrichment systems such as used on Carter and Rochester carburetors can also be used to fine tune vapor mixtures. Go as lean as you can withoutrepparttar 127616 engine stumbling under load onrepparttar 127617 power circuit and richen slightly for best throttle response. Ifrepparttar 127618 max power metering is sufficient with selected main jets, which flow much more vapor than liquid, we can regulaterepparttar 127619 maximum fuel supply by means of an adjustable valve inrepparttar 127620 supply line. Startrepparttar 127621 fast burn engine withrepparttar 127622 idle mixture screw open wide and quickly close it afterrepparttar 127623 engine starts. Backrepparttar 127624 adjustment screw off one turn after you stallrepparttar 127625 engine for lack of idle fuel. Too much idle fuel could melt engine parts as easily as too much fuel inrepparttar 127626 power circuit. If we never meter more fuel than can burn in half a power stroke, we avoid meltdown while maximizing power and fuel economy, minimizing exhaust emissions. With fast burn, we want to retard initial spark timing to between sixty and eighty degrees after top dead center. On a V-8 we can move each wire inrepparttar 127627 distributor cap forward one position onrepparttar 127628 cap inrepparttar 127629 direction of rotor rotation. This will retard timing 90 degrees fromrepparttar 127630 standard initial timing. A timing light onrepparttar 127631 number 8 cylinder will allow you to set initial timing withrepparttar 127632 stock timing marks. Setting number 8 cylinder for ten degrees advance would have number one cylinder firing at 80 degrees after top dead center. 20 degrees advance would have number one firing at 70 degrees ATDC, etc. An aftermarket timing tape, when available, is another way to accurately set spark timing. Otherwise, one can removerepparttar 127633 crankshaft dampener or pulley with timing marks, measurerepparttar 127634 circumference, divide by 4 and mark at 90 degrees ATDC, 85, 80, 75, 70, 65, and 60 degrees. Marking allrepparttar 127635 way back to 30 degrees ATDC is a good idea. This isrepparttar 127636 most advance likely practical for max fast burn power and allows one to check for total mechanical or electronic spark advance. Optimum timing for best performance and economy, like fuel mixture, must be worked out by road testingrepparttar 127637 converted vehicle.

Fully vaporized fuel is likely to be combustible over a wide range of air/fuel ratios. As a safety precaution it makes sense to install a PCV valve or something similar. Should a timing chain let go or an intake valve bend, we donít want fire inrepparttar 127638 intake manifold to find its way back to our bubbler and explode it. Better that a fuel supply line disconnect or rupture underrepparttar 127639 hood from combustion back pressure.

The bubbler where our vapor is made by engine vacuum, is a modified fuel tank or racing fuel cell. Our tank/cell must be vented to atmosphere. We want our air pick up filtered with something like a lawnmower air filter and mounted higher in or outsiderepparttar 127640 vehicle, thanrepparttar 127641 outside ofrepparttar 127642 fuel filler tube, which isrepparttar 127643 most convenient place to tap our tank/cell for a very rich vapor.

Onrepparttar 127644 typical fuel tank, our air vent can be easily installed whererepparttar 127645 original fuel supply line attached. We want another PCV valve near our air supply filter to sealrepparttar 127646 tank from atmosphere whenrepparttar 127647 vehicle is not running andrepparttar 127648 tank/cell is pressurized by atmospheric heat. Gas expansion in our tank now moves fuel throughrepparttar 127649 carburetor intorepparttar 127650 intake system, where it allows instant starts, as with fuel injection.

Bubbler design is guesswork. Whatever suppliesrepparttar 127651 most consistent air/vapor mixtures from a tank 3/4, 1/2, 1/4 and 1/8 full, is what we want. Variations in vapor fromrepparttar 127652 tank will make engine tuning difficult and variable. Consistent mixture fromrepparttar 127653 bubbler is important. Ifrepparttar 127654 air supply is oppositerepparttar 127655 vapor supply line, we would expect a richer vapor than ifrepparttar 127656 air supply line was nearrepparttar 127657 vapor supply line. We wantrepparttar 127658 air supply line to lie onrepparttar 127659 bottom ofrepparttar 127660 tank, below whatever fuel we have. We never wantrepparttar 127661 fuel tank full, so a drain inrepparttar 127662 air supply line will be handy for accurately checking fuel economy. You add ten gallons to an empty tank and drive until a working fuel gauge goes below 1/4 tank and you then drainrepparttar 127663 remaining fuel fromrepparttar 127664 tank into gallon jugs. Subtractrepparttar 127665 remaining fuel fromrepparttar 127666 ten gallons you started with. Dividerepparttar 127667 gallons used, intorepparttar 127668 miles driven and we will know our MPG.

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