A Brief History of the Book - Part II

Written by Sam Vaknin

E-books, cheaper than even paperbacks, arerepparttar quintessential "literature forrepparttar 108502 millions". Both erstwhile reprint libraries and current e-book publishers specialize in inexpensive books inrepparttar 108503 public domain (i.e., whose copyright expired). John Bell (competing with Dr. Johnson) put out "The Poets of Great Britain" in 1777-83. Each ofrepparttar 108504 109 volumes cost six shillings (compared torepparttar 108505 usual guinea or more). The Railway Library of novels (1,300 volumes) costs 1 shilling apiece only eight decades later. The price proceeded to dive throughoutrepparttar 108506 next century and a half. E-books and POD resume this trend.

The plunge in book prices,repparttar 108507 lowering of barriers to entry aided by new technologies and plentiful credit,repparttar 108508 proliferation of publishers, andrepparttar 108509 cutthroat competition among booksellers was such that price regulation (cartel) had to be introduced. Net publisher prices, trade discounts, and list prices are all anti-competitive practices of 19th century Europe. Still, this lamentable period also gave rise to trade associations, publishers organizations, literary agents, author contracts, royalties agreements, mass marketing, and standardized copyrights.

The Internet is often perceived to be nothing more than a glorified - though digitized - mail order catalogue. But e-books are different. Legislators and courts have yet to establish if e-books are books at all. Existing contracts between authors and publishers may not coverrepparttar 108510 electronic rendition of texts. E-books also offer serious price competition to more traditional forms of publishing and are, thus, likely to provoke a realignment ofrepparttar 108511 entire industry.

Rights may have to be re-assigned, revenues re-distributed, contractual relationships reconsidered. Hitherto, e-books amounted to little more that re-formatted renditions ofrepparttar 108512 print editions. But authors are increasingly publishing their books primarily or exclusively as e-books thus undermining both hardcovers and paperbacks.

Luddite printers and publishers resisted - often violently - every phase inrepparttar 108513 evolution ofrepparttar 108514 trade: stereotyping,repparttar 108515 iron press,repparttar 108516 application of steam power, mechanical typecasting and typesetting, new methods of reproducing illustrations, cloth bindings, machine-made paper, ready-bound books, paperbacks, book clubs, and book tokens.

Without exception, they eventually relented and embracedrepparttar 108517 new technologies to considerable commercial advantage. Similarly, publishers were initially hesitant and reluctant to adoptrepparttar 108518 Internet, POD, and e-publishing. It is not surprising that they came around.

Printed books inrepparttar 108519 17th and 18th centuries were derided by their contemporaries as inferior to their laboriously hand-made antecedents and torepparttar 108520 incunabula. These complaints are reminiscent of current criticisms ofrepparttar 108521 new media (Internet, e-books): shoddy workmanship, shabby appearance, and rampant piracy.

The first decades followingrepparttar 108522 invention ofrepparttar 108523 printing press, were, asrepparttar 108524 Encyclopedia Britannica puts it "a restless, highly competitive free for all ... (with) enormous vitality and variety (often leading to) careless work". There were egregious acts of piracy - for instance,repparttar 108525 illicit copying ofrepparttar 108526 Aldine Latin "pocket books", orrepparttar 108527 all-pervasive book-bootlegging in England inrepparttar 108528 17th century, a direct outcome of over-regulation and coercive copyright monopolies.

Shakespeare's work was repeatedly replicated by infringers of emerging intellectual property rights. Later,repparttar 108529 American colonies becamerepparttar 108530 world's centre of industrialized and systematic book piracy. Confronted with abundant and cheap pirated foreign books, local authors resorted to freelancing in magazines and lecture tours in a vain effort to make ends meet.

Pirates and unlicensed - and, therefore, subversive - publishers were prosecuted under a variety of monopoly and libel laws and, later, under national security and obscenity laws. Both royal and "democratic" governments acted ruthlessly to preserve their control of publishing.

John Milton wrote his passionate plea against censorship, Areopagitica, in response torepparttar 108531 1643 licensing ordinance passed byrepparttar 108532 British Parliament. The revolutionary Copyright Act of 1709 in England decreed that authors and publishers are entitled to exclusively reaprepparttar 108533 commercial benefits of their endeavors, though only for a prescribed period of time.

Protect Your E-book Files!

Written by Wayne Perkins

Title: Protect Your E-books Files! Perkins Failsafe System for Protecting Your Fame and Fortune

Three years ago I was giving my first E-book keynote speech beforerepparttar Arizona Book Publishing Association, when one ofrepparttar 108501 esteemed publisher members asked me a very pointed question.

"What happens if someone steals your file and sells it or gives it away all overrepparttar 108502 Internet?"

Until I was asked that question I thought I was Sutter striking gold in California.

"How do you keep people from stealing your work?"

Beads of perspiration formed on my face and hands. I had cottonmouth. This is a bad dream. Why didn't I think of this before?

My mind immediately regressed to conversations with other professional speakers relating horrifying incidents where they discovered their "signature story" was being retold.

I thought aboutrepparttar 108503 many times I heard professional speakers telling Dr. Charles Jarvis's special Little Bird story without giving credit to Dr. Jarvis

I wondered how much easier it would be to takerepparttar 108504 Little Bird story as a file formatted in a common program like Microsoft Word for windows and then spread it to many thousands or even millions of people through e-mail.

Do you think that can happen? I think so.

Overrepparttar 108505 last 3 years many companies have become involved in creating encryption techniques that protect your e-book files from theft.

However, none ofrepparttar 108506 encryption techniques are fail-safe. In fact many times when you download an encrypted book,repparttar 108507 files are so huge and difficult to open that you end up canceling your order.

I was recently giving a teleseminar and an attendee asked a most common question.

The question was, "how to I keep someone from stealing my -e-book?

I decided to answerrepparttar 108508 attendee's question with a question.

Why do you care if they steal your e-book?

She replied" Because I will lose money."

That is whenrepparttar 108509 light bulb went off in my brain. Companies that are spending all that money and putting in all that effort to encrypt e-books are throwing their money away. They are protecting people from opening e-books which really isn't'repparttar 108510 major concern.

The problem is protectingrepparttar 108511 authors fromrepparttar 108512 potential loss of fame and fortune.

Telling Dr. Jarvis's Little Bird Story without his citation isn't'repparttar 108513 problem. The problem is inrepparttar 108514 potential loss of Dr. Jarvis's fame and fortune due to telling his story.

The loss of your e-book files represents a potential loss of your fame and fortune.

You lose no inventory if someone steals a digital file. Once you complete an e-book and post it on-line you automatically have 6 Billion copies in print. You have enough inventory for every man, woman and child on earth.

If one person reads your e-book and does not pay for it you may have one fan. If 100,000 people read it for free you may have a 100,000 fans.

A question I have is can you earn more money and have more fame with one fan or with 100,000 fans?

Overrepparttar 108515 last few weeks I have successfully completedrepparttar 108516 best e-book encryption system ever devised and it is yours absolutely free.

This Encryption system will allow virtually anyone to open and read your e-books, and yet this system will protect your fame and fortune.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ---The Perkins E-book Fame and Fortune Encryption System---Version 4.1 PEFAFES ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Components ofrepparttar 108517 Perkins E-book fame and fortune encryption system: PEFAFES ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1. You need an e-book. An e-book can be 5 page or 500 pages long. You arerepparttar 108518 expert in your field. You get to callrepparttar 108519 shots on e-book size. You will advertise how to purchase additional copies of your e-book as well as how to purchaserepparttar 108520 Infoproduct mentioned later.

2. You need a tasty article. This article will be related to your e-book. The purpose ofrepparttar 108521 article is to enticerepparttar 108522 reader to purchase your e-book. (Component #1)

The web address where article readers may find and purchase your e-book will be included.

3. You need an Infoproduct. An Infoproduct is an expansion ofrepparttar 108523 article or extra information you forgot to include in your e-book. If your Infoproduct is exactlyrepparttar 108524 same content as your article you may want to add special examples or additional Internet resources where web visitors may receive more information. Include many ofrepparttar 108525 free resources on your own website. You will advertise your e-book price and your infoproduct price inrepparttar 108526 infoproduct text.

Here is your free copy ofrepparttar 108527 revolutionary PEFAFES system.


Example ofrepparttar 108528 Encryption System


For this example assume you are a public speaker who talks onrepparttar 108529 topic of "How to Win At Gambling"

You have a website titled " Vegas-Gambling.com"

The title of your e-book is: 101 Winning Poker Strategies" Price $9.95

Create an article that you will post to major websites onrepparttar 108530 Internet. You will offer your article free to webmasters in return for a link torepparttar 108531 description page of your book located on your website or a website that fulfills your e-book orders.

Title this article "3 Ways to Win at Poker."

Let's say your e-book title is: "101 Winning Poker Strategies" Price 9.95

Your book is loaded with references about you, your contact information and hot links to places on your website for more information about gambling and it includes references to your other e-books, consulting services and detailed contact information.

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