7 Steps To Milling Four Square Lumber

Written by Dave M


This tutorial assumes that you know how to safely operate your power tools. Always refer torepparttar manufacturer instructions if you are unsure how to use your tools.

Any wood worker needs to take a board fromrepparttar 116271 lumber yard or their local sawyer and make this board a uniform thickness, length and width. This board needs to have all four edges square to each other. This is referred to a milling a board four square and is a pre-requisite to any wood working project.

This is best accomplished by using a jointer, thickness planer, miter and circular saws and a table saw. In this example we will mill a board 30" x 4-1/2" x 5/8" with all for edges square to each other.

Step 1: Rough cut your stock

Rough cut your stock to 30-3/4" x 4-3/4" and maintainrepparttar 116272 same overall thickness. Start by selecting a piece of stock larger then your finished size (obviously) and use a framing square to square off one end ofrepparttar 116273 board. Be surerepparttar 116274 end isn't checked (cracked) and if it is squarerepparttar 116275 board off just beyond whererepparttar 116276 cracks end.

Makerepparttar 116277 cut using a circular saw being careful to make a fairly square cut. Now measure 30-3/4" and square offrepparttar 116278 board using your framing square makerepparttar 116279 second cutrepparttar 116280 same way you maderepparttar 116281 first. Be careful to cut onrepparttar 116282 waste side ofrepparttar 116283 line.

Step 2: Rip to rough width

The table saw isrepparttar 116284 best tool for this cut. Setrepparttar 116285 rip fence so it is 4-3/4" fromrepparttar 116286 blade and setrepparttar 116287 height ofrepparttar 116288 blade sorepparttar 116289 gullet ofrepparttar 116290 teeth isrepparttar 116291 same height asrepparttar 116292 stock. Followingrepparttar 116293 directions included with your table saw startrepparttar 116294 blade and makerepparttar 116295 cut, being sure to use a push stick.

Step 3: Truing one face

Now that your piece of stock isrepparttar 116296 rough size needed it is time to true up one face. This is best accomplished withrepparttar 116297 jointer.

As always withrepparttar 116298 jointer it is advisable now to take more than 1/16" per pass. Taking more wood per pass will overworkrepparttar 116299 machine and give results that are less than optimal.

Analyzerepparttar 116300 board to determinerepparttar 116301 direction ofrepparttar 116302 grain and whether there is cupping. It is best to placerepparttar 116303 cupped face down since it will site better onrepparttar 116304 jointer table. Runrepparttar 116305 board through for a couple of passes until you have a uniform face free of voids and dips.

Preparing Your New Sewing Machine to Sew

Written by Mary Wilkins

A few weeks ago I wrote a column on how to choose your sewing machine. If you have made your choice, we will continue on with getting your machine ready to sew.

Threadingrepparttar machine is something that is pretty basic, yet a little different on every machine. It is VERY important to refer to your manual when first learningrepparttar 116270 procedure. Ifrepparttar 116271 threading isn't correct, nothing else will work either.

Here is a basic rundown of threading a sewing machine. Remember, each machine is different. This is justrepparttar 116272 general idea.

1. Put your spool of thread onrepparttar 116273 spindle on top ofrepparttar 116274 machine.

1a. A vertical spindle or post - positionrepparttar 116275 spool so thatrepparttar 116276 thread runs clockwise as you sew.

1b. A horizontal spindle -repparttar 116277 spool is held in place by an end cap. If your spool has a small cut in it, be sure to haverepparttar 116278 cut torepparttar 116279 right.

NEWBIE TIP: If your spool is brand new and there are labels coveringrepparttar 116280 holes, uncover yhour holes completely to allowrepparttar 116281 spool to turn easily.

2. Pull thread torepparttar 116282 left ofrepparttar 116283 spindle and thru your first thread guide.

3. Draw thread down thru your tension guide. (It is extremely important to have your presser foot UP when threading your machine.)

4. Draw thread thrurepparttar 116284 next thread guide.

5. Insert thread thrurepparttar 116285 take up lever.

6. Bring thread thru next thread guide.

7. Finally! - thread your needle. Most needles are threaded from front to back, some from left to right.

Practise threading your machine. It is no small chore if you are a beginner, but after a while you will be able to do this with your eyes closed.


Followrepparttar 116286 instructions from your manual carefully when winding your bobbin.

If your bobbin case is built in,repparttar 116287 bobbin will be wound in place withrepparttar 116288 machine fully threaded.

Removable bobbins are wound onrepparttar 116289 top or side ofrepparttar 116290 machine. Your machine must be threaded before bobbin filling.

Your bobbin thread must be drawn thrurepparttar 116291 tension spring. For wind in place bobbins, this is already taken care of. You MUST make sure this is done if you are using a bobbin that already has thread in it.


Balancing your tension is a huge issue when you first start to learn about your sewing machine. There is nothing that will cause you more grief than your tension.

Your stitch is formed by interlockingrepparttar 116292 bobbin and needle thread. Every timerepparttar 116293 needle goes down, a hook catchesrepparttar 116294 needle thread and wrapsrepparttar 116295 bobbin thread around it. It is a tug of war that must be synchronized for a good stitch result.

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