The Possibilities for Anarchy (I)

Written by Angelique van Engelen

Continued from page 1

Studyingrepparttar input that various disciplines have onrepparttar 136199 subject makes you understand some more why anarchy is rather impossible to achieve in any other way thanrepparttar 136200 unpremeditated violence it comes disguised as mostly.

Economists,repparttar 136201 experts if not inventors ofrepparttar 136202 models so heavily in use in all disciplines now, are refreshingly unscrupulous in doing away withrepparttar 136203 state organisation as we know it today, yetrepparttar 136204 alternatives they come up with turn out often more tedious than what governments propose anyway. However,repparttar 136205 economists do have most leeway it seems to arguerepparttar 136206 case for greater thought of alternative rule. The current rise of libertarian thought that'srepparttar 136207 by product of US global dominance goes hand in hand withrepparttar 136208 ideas that economists have been mumbling on about for ages; leaverepparttar 136209 world to its chaos and one way or other an order will emerge. Most of them base their systems onrepparttar 136210 appropriation of property in some way or other, which might be a good idea. Basing your initial foundation around who owns what is proving a workable concept if you look atrepparttar 136211 European Union. But somehow it feels a bit hollow and to only have economic principles ruling a society would essentially be degrading for humanity.

The ideas of other scholars provide more exciting input. Philosophers come out with by farrepparttar 136212 most interesting ideas but it might be frustrating to gauge just how consequential or tennable their views are forrepparttar 136213 rest ofrepparttar 136214 world. The current trend inrepparttar 136215 academies is to loosenrepparttar 136216 philosophical debate fromrepparttar 136217 belief that it is arguing about a real reality. This has opened uprepparttar 136218 discipline torepparttar 136219 condemnation that their so called 'language games' is reducingrepparttar 136220 philosophers to fools rather than wise men. Yet this dismissal is unfounded, because not all philosophers stick torepparttar 136221 idea that reality is merely known through language and even if this wererepparttar 136222 case anyway, there would still be too much value in this to dismiss it.

From practical point of view however,repparttar 136223 philosophers come in most handy when structured thought about alternative society organisation is focused on technology or science or a mixture of both. The debate inrepparttar 136224 sciences and inrepparttar 136225 philosophy of science over whether reality is determined by interwoven forces or whether there is no relation between them -the battle between determinists and pluralists- is by far not resolved. Yet, given modern society's leaning to include anything to do with our immediate future, it is likely that not only will we see this debate feature prominently in any research on alternative ways of organising real life, but also inrepparttar 136226 established system. In fact,repparttar 136227 anarchization of life has started ages ago, and we simply need to realise it.

All efforts by humans are geared toward masteringrepparttar 136228 dizzying intricacies of life some way or other, butrepparttar 136229 speed at which this takes place is a determining factor forrepparttar 136230 success rate more than anything else. The sciences provide this speed, so it's no wonder thatrepparttar 136231 rest ofrepparttar 136232 disciplines are gathered around this consternation and have started to provide their tools in a scientific light.

That is why it is interesting to see what's going on inrepparttar 136233 philosophy of science. It appears to yield ideas for finding decisive answers as to whetherrepparttar 136234 philosophers are right in stating that researchingrepparttar 136235 chances for a country to be ruled by alternative rule might be pointless because -as many economists, philosophers and scientists claim-repparttar 136236 way reality interrelates is determined by forces we do not have a chance to control. The debate is by dint ofrepparttar 136237 nature ofrepparttar 136238 perceived progress ofrepparttar 136239 sciences imperative for any initial thought onrepparttar 136240 way society can be organised alternatively.

Angelique van Engelen is a freelance writer working for and living in the Netherlands. She also contributes to a writing ring

Former Terrorrists Getting into Government need Time, not God on their Side

Written by Angelique van Engelen

Continued from page 1

Some viewrepparttar moves ofrepparttar 136198 radicalists to mainstream politics as a positive transformation and it is surely to be hoped thatrepparttar 136199 organizations involved inrepparttar 136200 decades-long strife inrepparttar 136201 region that are now close to becoming involved in mainstream politics, will ultimately disarm. Yet their popularity might be evidencing real hardship onrepparttar 136202 ground. Aside from what's drivingrepparttar 136203 islamist vote, Israel's reaction to a possible Hamas inclusion intorepparttar 136204 PA might not be favorable and it might be unwilling to negotiate with Hamas leaders. But then, this might not turn out to berepparttar 136205 case. Prime Minister Sharon who is said by some to favor a peace process that is open ended might think he has a better negotiating partner in a Hamas partipated PA.

It is also going to be interesting what is going to be happening with Hizbollah in Lebanon. Hezbollah leaders have expressed opposition to disarmament that's as strong asrepparttar 136206 the Palestinian Hamas leaders. So far, this issue,repparttar 136207 groups' status as terrorist and their unwillingness to recognize Israel as a state has always deterred countries likerepparttar 136208 US to deal with them as mature political entities. This is changing. Word inrepparttar 136209 diplomatic corridors has it thatrepparttar 136210 State Department might acquiesce in Hizballah's entry into Lebanese politics if it abandons terrorism and severs its political and operational ties with Syria. This US recognition of Hizballah could serve as a precedent for US acceptance of a political role for Hamas.

So far it looks like every major move thatrepparttar 136211 islamist groups make by definition will continue to go accompanied with pledges to hold onto arms. But one ought to bear in mind that oftenrepparttar 136212 public rhetoric is different than any private action. The leader of Hezbollah, Sheikh Hassan Nasrullah, recently reiterated that his group will not give up their weapons. In an interview with Reuters he said that his party will keep its weapons and will not give it up, noting that this decision is because ofrepparttar 136213 continued Israeli occupation andrepparttar 136214 risks of occupation against his country. He even snubbedrepparttar 136215 UN, saying that its Security Council resolution demanding Hizbullah to hand over its weapons is 'meaningless' and 'of no value'.

Meanwhile, in Iraq Al Qaeda's Jordanian-born leader Abu Musab al-Zarqawi also recently publicly rejected a call fromrepparttar 136216 new Iraqi president for militants to lay down their arms. Callingrepparttar 136217 new Iraqi leader President Jalal Talabani an agent ofrepparttar 136218 US and Jews,repparttar 136219 rebels said they would continue their strife until Sharia law was established inrepparttar 136220 country and never forgiverepparttar 136221 leader for his "infidelity" and "spilling ofrepparttar 136222 blood of Muslims". It is not clear whetherrepparttar 136223 statement, posted on a website used by Islamist militants is authentic. It is a smack inrepparttar 136224 face however of Mr Talabani, who has been quite lenient to those Iraqi's who have taken to violence overrepparttar 136225 past few years, saying a peaceful solution should be found with Iraqis who were 'led astray' by terrorism. He even invited them in to participate inrepparttar 136226 democratic process and offered some convicted terrorists an amnesty.

Angelique van Engelen is a freelance writer for She also contributes to a writing ring

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