The Inverted Saint - Hitler

Written by Sam Vaknin

Continued from page 1

But being a-human or super-human also means being a-sexual and a-moral. In this restricted sense, Hitler was a post-modernist and a moral relativist. He projected torepparttar masses an androgynous figure and enhanced it by fosteringrepparttar 126017 adoration of nudity and all things "natural". But what Nazism referred to as "nature" was not natural at all.

It was an aesthetic of decadence and evil (though it was not perceived this way byrepparttar 126018 Nazis), carefully orchestrated, and artificial. Nazism was about reproduced copies, not about originals. It was aboutrepparttar 126019 manipulation of symbols - not about veritable atavism.

In short: Nazism was about theatre, not about life. To enjoyrepparttar 126020 spectacle (and be subsumed by it), Nazism demandedrepparttar 126021 suspension of judgment, depersonalization, and de-realization. Catharsis was tantamount, in Nazi dramaturgy, to self-annulment. Nazism was nihilistic not only operationally, or ideologically. Its very language and narratives were nihilistic. Nazism was conspicuous nihilism - and Hitler served as a role model, annihilating Hitlerrepparttar 126022 Man, only to re-appear as Hitlerrepparttar 126023 stychia.

What wasrepparttar 126024 role ofrepparttar 126025 Jews in all this?

Nazism posed as a rebellion againstrepparttar 126026 "old ways" - againstrepparttar 126027 hegemonic culture,repparttar 126028 upper classes,repparttar 126029 established religions,repparttar 126030 superpowers,repparttar 126031 European order. The Nazis borrowedrepparttar 126032 Leninist vocabulary and assimilated it effectively. Hitler andrepparttar 126033 Nazis were an adolescent movement, a reaction to narcissistic injuries inflicted upon a narcissistic (and rather psychopathic) toddler nation-state. Hitler himself was a malignant narcissist, as Fromm correctly noted.

The Jews constituted a perfect, easily identifiable, embodiment of all that was "wrong" with Europe. They were an old nation, they were eerily disembodied (without a territory), they were cosmopolitan, they were part ofrepparttar 126034 establishment, they were "decadent", they were hated on religious and socio-economic grounds (see Goldhagen's "Hitler's Willing Executioners"), they were different, they were narcissistic (felt and acted as morally superior), they were everywhere, they were defenseless, they were credulous, they were adaptable (and thus could be co-opted to collaborate in their own destruction). They wererepparttar 126035 perfect hated father figure and parricide was in fashion.

This is preciselyrepparttar 126036 source ofrepparttar 126037 fascination with Hitler. He was an inverted human. His unconscious was his conscious. He acted out our most repressed drives, fantasies, and wishes. He provides us with a glimpse ofrepparttar 126038 horrors that lie beneathrepparttar 126039 veneer,repparttar 126040 barbarians at our personal gates, and what it was like before we invented civilization. Hitler forced us all through a time warp and many did not emerge. He was notrepparttar 126041 devil. He was one of us. He was what Arendt aptly calledrepparttar 126042 banality of evil. Just an ordinary, mentally disturbed, failure, a member of a mentally disturbed and failing nation, who lived through disturbed and failing times. He wasrepparttar 126043 perfect mirror, a channel, a voice, andrepparttar 126044 very depth of our souls.

Sam Vaknin is the author of Malignant Self Love - Narcissism Revisited and After the Rain - How the West Lost the East. He is a columnist for Central Europe Review, PopMatters, and eBookWeb , a United Press International (UPI) Senior Business Correspondent, and the editor of mental health and Central East Europe categories in The Open Directory Bellaonline, and Suite101 .

Visit Sam's Web site at

Fascism - The Tensile Permanence

Written by Sam Vaknin

Continued from page 1

This second type of tension transformed many ofrepparttar fascist organizations into chaotic, mismanaged, corrupt, and a-moral groups, lacking in direction and in self-discipline. They swung ferociously betweenrepparttar 126016 pole of malignant individualism and that of lethal collectivism.

III. Utopianism vs. Struggle

Fascism was constantly inrepparttar 126017 making, eternally half-baked, subject to violent permutations, mutations, and transformations. Fascist movements were "processual" and, thus, in permanent revolution (rather, since fascism was based onrepparttar 126018 negation of other social forces, in permanent civil war). It was a utopian movement in search of a utopia. Many ofrepparttar 126019 elements of a utopia were there - but hopelessly mangled and mingled and without any coherent blueprint.

Inrepparttar 126020 absence of a rational vision and an orderly plan of action - fascist movements resorted to irrationality,repparttar 126021 supernatural,repparttar 126022 magical, and to their brand of a secular religion. They emphasizedrepparttar 126023 way -rather thanrepparttar 126024 destination,repparttar 126025 struggle - rather thanrepparttar 126026 attainment,repparttar 126027 battle - rather thanrepparttar 126028 victory,repparttar 126029 effort - rather thanrepparttar 126030 outcome, or, in short -repparttar 126031 Promethean andrepparttar 126032 Thanatean rather thanrepparttar 126033 Vestal,repparttar 126034 kitschy rather thanrepparttar 126035 truly aesthetic.

IV. Organic vs. Decadent

Fascism emphasized rigid social structures - supposedlyrepparttar 126036 ineluctable reflections of biological strictures. As opposed to politics and culture - where fascism was revolutionary and utopian - socially, fascism was reactionary, regressive, and defensive. It was pro-family. One's obligations, functions, and rights wererepparttar 126037 results of one's "place in society". But fascism was also male chauvinistic, adolescent, latently homosexual ("the cult of virility",repparttar 126038 worship ofrepparttar 126039 military), somewhat pornographic (the adoration ofrepparttar 126040 naked body, of "nature", and ofrepparttar 126041 young), and misogynistic. In its horror of its own repressed androgynous "perversions" (i.e.,repparttar 126042 very decadence it claimed to be eradicating), it employed numerous defense mechanisms (e.g., reaction formation and projective identification). It was gender dysphoric and personality disordered.

V. Elitism vs. Populism

All fascist movements were founded onrepparttar 126043 equivalent ofrepparttar 126044 Nazi Fuhrerprinzip. The leader - infallible, indestructible, invincible, omnipotent, omniscient, sacrificial - was a creative genius who embodied as well as interpretedrepparttar 126045 nation's quiddity and fate. His privileged and unerring access torepparttar 126046 soul ofrepparttar 126047 fascist movement, to history's grand designs, and torepparttar 126048 moral and aesthetic principles underlying it all - made him indispensable and worthy of blind and automatic obedience.

This strongly conflicted withrepparttar 126049 unmitigated, all-inclusive, all-pervasive, and missionary populism of fascism. Fascism was not egalitarian (see section above). It believed in a fuzzily role-based and class-based system. It was misogynistic, againstrepparttar 126050 old, often againstrepparttar 126051 "other" (ethnic or racial minorities). But, with these exceptions, it embraced one and all and was rather meritocratic. Admittedly, mobility withinrepparttar 126052 fascist parties was eitherrepparttar 126053 result of actual achievements and merit orrepparttar 126054 outcome of nepotism and cronyism - still, fascism was far more egalitarian than most other political movements.

This populist strand did not sit well withrepparttar 126055 overweening existence of a Duce or a Fuhrer. Tensions erupted now and then but, overall,repparttar 126056 Fuhrerprinzip held well.

Fascism's undoing cannot be attributed to either of these inherent contradictions, though they made it brittle and clunky. To understandrepparttar 126057 downfall of this meteoric latecomer - we must look elsewhere, torepparttar 126058 17th and 18th century.

Sam Vaknin is the author of Malignant Self Love - Narcissism Revisited and After the Rain - How the West Lost the East. He is a columnist for Central Europe Review, PopMatters, and eBookWeb , a United Press International (UPI) Senior Business Correspondent, and the editor of mental health and Central East Europe categories in The Open Directory Bellaonline, and Suite101 .

Visit Sam's Web site at

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