The Internet in the Countries in Transition

Written by Sam Vaknin

Continued from page 1

4. The great equalizer

Very early on,repparttar denizens ofrepparttar 133580 countries in transition have caught on torepparttar 133581 "great equalizer" effects ofrepparttar 133582 Net. They used it to vent their frustrations and aggression, to conduct cyber-warfare, to unleash an explosion of visual creativity and to engage in deconstructive discourse.

By great equalizer - I meant equalizer withrepparttar 133583 rich, developed countries. Seerepparttar 133584 article I quoted above. The citizens ofrepparttar 133585 countries in transition are frustrated by their inability to catch up withrepparttar 133586 affluence and prosperity ofrepparttar 133587 West. They feel inferior, neglected, looked down upon, dictated to and, in general, put down. The Internet is perceived as something which can restorerepparttar 133588 balance. Only, of course, it cannot. It is still a rich people's medium. President Clinton points outrepparttar 133589 Digital Divide within America - such a divide exists to a much larger extent and with more venomous effects betweenrepparttar 133590 developed and developing world.repparttar 133591 Internet has done nothing to bridge this gap - onrepparttar 133592 contrary: It enhancedrepparttar 133593 productivity and economic growth (this is known as "The New Economy") of rich countries (mainlyrepparttar 133594 States) and leftrepparttar 133595 have-nots inrepparttar 133596 dust.

5. Intellectual property

The concept of intellectual property - foreign torepparttar 133597 global Internet culture to start with - became an emblem of Western hegemony and monopolistic practices. Violating copyright, software piracy and hacking became both status symbols and a political declaration of sorts. Butrepparttar 133598 rapid dissemination of programs and information (for instance, illicit copies of reference works) served to levelrepparttar 133599 playing field.

Piracy of material is quite prevalent inrepparttar 133600 countries in transition. The countries in transition arerepparttar 133601 second capital of piracy (after Asia). Software, films, even books - are copied and distributed quite freely and openly. There are street vendors who deal inrepparttar 133602 counterfeit products - but most of it is sold through stores and OEMs.

I think that intellectual property will gorepparttar 133603 wayrepparttar 133604 pharmaceutical industry did: Instead of fighting windmills - owners and distributors of intellectual property will joinrepparttar 133605 trend. They are likely to team up with sponsors which will subsidizerepparttar 133606 price of intellectual property in order to make it affordable torepparttar 133607 denizens of poor countries. Such sponsors could be either multi-lateral institutions (such asrepparttar 133608 World Bank) - or charities and donors.

Sam Vaknin is the author of Malignant Self Love - Narcissism Revisited and After the Rain - How the West Lost the East. He is a columnist for Central Europe Review, United Press International (UPI) and eBookWeb and the editor of mental health and Central East Europe categories in The Open Directory, Suite101 and

Visit Sam's Web site at

3G Technology – Promises and Challenges

Written by Colin Ong TS

Continued from page 1

3)3G and Mobile Advertising

3G technology will enable advertisers to send more sophisticated and customized permission-based advertisements to their target audience’s mobile devices. This will be an improvement fromrepparttar current SMS. There will be a convergence betweenrepparttar 133579 internet and wireless technology asrepparttar 133580 target audience can request that more product information be sent as email. It is unlikely that these services will provide a sustainable advantage overrepparttar 133581 long run but they will shaperepparttar 133582 brand perception of an operator atrepparttar 133583 initial stage ofrepparttar 133584 introduction of wireless Internet services.

However, withrepparttar 133585 rise of m-commerce, ‘business-webs ’will become even more powerful as every customer will become linked intorepparttar 133586 web. According to Keith Shank of Ericsson, wireline operators will have to find a way to integrate with wireless by providing a package of combined service capabilities and transparent coverage. Demanding consumers will want convergence of wireline, wireless and data services.

4)From E-Learning to M-Learning

The future holds a lot of promise forrepparttar 133587 E-Learning Industry. Martyn Sloman, author of The e-learning revolution has been quoted as saying "The pace of change inrepparttar 133588 global economy and advances in communications technology means that there is no debate about whether e-learning isrepparttar 133589 future or not. It clearly is. Latest assessments indicate that competitive organisations will soon be delivering up to a fifth of their training throughrepparttar 133590 Internet, intranets orrepparttar 133591 web."

Withrepparttar 133592 greater acceptance of e-learning, mobile learning (m-learning) will be thrive. An example of how 3G can power m-learning is when a student who may be late for a lecture can viewrepparttar 133593 entire proceedings throughrepparttar 133594 screen of a mobile device. It is also not far-fetched idea thatrepparttar 133595 same student can even sit for a test by entering a password throughrepparttar 133596 mobile device.

Challenges Ahead

Privacy is a huge question as inrepparttar 133597 case of m-commerce, each of us will leave a trail of “digital crumbs”. Withrepparttar 133598 increasing likelihood of a convergence betweenrepparttar 133599 net and wireless technology in many facets of social and business interactions, each of us will leave a mirror image of ourselves as we travel around.

Another problem that is highlighted by Eric Schonfeld of eCompany is getting developers interested in creatingrepparttar 133600 applications that 3G phones can run. Currently developers tend to ignore markets with fewer than 1 million customers and concurrently, demanding customers insist that 3G phones should have lots of new applications to hold their attention.

Lastly, as sourced fromrepparttar 133601 University of California’s Berkeley School of Information Management and System (SIMS) report “How Much Information?” Professors Hal Varian and Peter Lyman analysed industry and governmental reports for production of information in terms of paper, film, optical and magnetic data. Among some of their findings:

§The direct accessible “surface” Web consists of about 2.5bn documents and is growing at a rate of 7.3m pages per day.

§Countingrepparttar 133602 “surface” Web withrepparttar 133603 “deep” Web of connected databases, intranet sites and dynamic pages, there are about 550bn documents, and 95% is publicly accessible.

These findings show that we are already taking in a lot of information even beforerepparttar 133604 introduction of wireless communication through 3G. Will there be further information overload or will mobile devices help us manage our daily affairs better?

The concluding 2 sections will provide some pointers:

1)Towards An Information Society

Inrepparttar 133605 Foresight Project, an initiative led by New Zealand’s Ministry of Research, Science and Technology has stated that in an information society, individuals who are well-educated, self-motivated, and linked into information networks, arerepparttar 133606 most likely to live prosperous and fulfilling lives. Enterprises that are attuned to their customers’ requirements, employ educated workers, encourage innovation through their workplace organization and, and know more and learn faster than their competitors, arerepparttar 133607 most likely to succeed and grow.

Reinforcing this point, according to Peter Drucker, there isrepparttar 133608 discipline of innovation. This is translated into having a clear mission and definingrepparttar 133609 measurement of results. Inrepparttar 133610 event that there are no results,repparttar 133611 organization should abandonrepparttar 133612 idea and then continue to seek for new and unique opportunities.

2)Future Challenges of a Knowledge-Economy

According to Dr Johari Mat, Secretary General Ministry of Education (Malaysia) atrepparttar 133613 First SEAMEO Education Congress, a Knowledge Economy Index developed using selected key elements required to drive a K-economy such as computer infrastructure, infrastructure, education and training, research and development and technology shows that most countries in this region lag behind developed and newly industrialized countries in terms of readiness to become a K-economy. For instance,repparttar 133614 Knowledge Economy Index is 3877 for Singapore, 2460 for Malaysia, 1705 for Indonesia, and 1648 for Thailand whilerepparttar 133615 Index is 6650 for USA, 5908 for Japan, 4901 for Australia, 4686 for UK, and 3912 for Korea, thus, to make a transition torepparttar 133616 K-economy, countries in this region facerepparttar 133617 daunting task of putting in place and strengtheningrepparttar 133618 core elements required to supportrepparttar 133619 K-economy. Efforts need to be accelerated inrepparttar 133620 priority areas of human resource development, science and technology, research and development (R&D), ICT, and lifelong learning.

To conclude, 3G is definitely here to stay despiterepparttar 133621 early glitches. The opportunity of being truly wireless and mobile is just too enticing.

Colin Ong TS is the Managing Director of MR=MC Consulting Pte Ltd ( He is a prolific writer on HR , Corporate Learning and New Technology issues. His writings have appeared in a number of global portals ( He has recently launched a free learning portal at which was featured in the recent Singapore Learning Festival. For free articles and advice, please email

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