The History of Orange County, California

Written by Southern Calilfornia Real Estate Agent John Middlebrook

Continued from page 1

In 1833repparttar Mexican government secularized all ofrepparttar 143383 California missions and took them away from control byrepparttar 143384 church (Source). At this timerepparttar 143385 mission system of California had ended. The Mexican government tried to revertrepparttar 143386 land to American Indian control immediately (Source). However, oncerepparttar 143387 land was taken fromrepparttar 143388 churchrepparttar 143389 Spanish and Mexican governments and local factions fought for ownership ofrepparttar 143390 real estate in Southern California and surrounding regions. The American Indians were out numbered by ranchers fromrepparttar 143391 United States and Mexico who forcedrepparttar 143392 American Indians into slavery on their growing private ranches. Some American Indians managed to retreat away fromrepparttar 143393 ranch settlements intorepparttar 143394 mountains.

The Mexican government's control of Orange County remained passive between 1821-1846. Mexican Governor Juan B. Alvarado gaverepparttar 143395 following land owners these lands:

  • In 1837 Rancho Cienega de las Ranas was granted to José Sepúlveda.
  • In 1837 San Juan Cajón de Santa Ana was granted to Juan Pacífico Ontiveros.
  • In 1841 Rancho Bolsa Chica was granted to Joaquín Ruiz.
  • in 1842 La Bolsa de San Joaquín was granted to Sepúlveda.
  • in 1842 Rancho Cañada de Los Alisos was granted to José Serrano.
  • in 1842 Rancho Niguel was granted to José Ávila.
  • In 1843 Mexican Governor Manuel Micheltorena gaverepparttar 143396 Rios tract to Santiago Rios.
  • In 1845 Rancho Potrero Los Piños was granted to Don Juan Forster who also boughtrepparttar 143397 San Juan Capistrano Mission for his own personal residence.
  • In 1846 Rancho Boca de la Playa was granted to Emigdio Vejar and Rancho Lomas de Santiago was granted to Teodocio Yorba, both by Mexican Governor Pío Pico.

While Mexico controlled California, large rancher owners oversaw development ofrepparttar 143398 commercial property, homes and land in Orange County for their own commerce. During that time an influx of United States Americans fromrepparttar 143399 Midwest and Eastern United States began to colonizerepparttar 143400 West. There were disturbances between Mexican provincial administrators andrepparttar 143401 United States citizens. Soon thereafterrepparttar 143402 United States and Mexico were in a war. The US - Mexican War lasted from 1846 to 1848. The Mexican government fled as US troops advanced and on February 2, 1848repparttar 143403 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo was signed in whichrepparttar 143404 Mexican government sold 55% of its territory, including Arizona, California, New Mexico, Texas, and parts of Colorado, Nevada and Utah for $15 million to compensate for war damages (Source). California becamerepparttar 143405 31st state ofrepparttar 143406 United States. A year later in 1849repparttar 143407 California gold rush began. At this time Orange County was only a part ofrepparttar 143408 real estate in Los Angeles County (Source).

After California became part ofrepparttar 143409 US, any land owner who did not have paperwork for their ownership lost possession of their land. Most land owners lost their land since Spain and Mexico did not normally provide adequate paperwork to show proper boundaries forrepparttar 143410 land in California. The US government tookrepparttar 143411 land and sold it back at very affordable rates to local farmers and pioneers fromrepparttar 143412 Eastern and Midwestern United States who came to California to dwell there.

In 1862, a horrendous set of natural disasters struck Orange County and changed everything. First a flood swept throughrepparttar 143413 region and set uprepparttar 143414 perfect conditions for a massive plague academic which became a small pox outbreak that killed many Americans. Not long afterwards withinrepparttar 143415 same year a massive drought dried up all of Orange County crops and cattle ranches (Source). The once rich ranchers who received land fromrepparttar 143416 Mexican and Spanish government from beforerepparttar 143417 US - Mexico War lost all of their cattle and were forced into bankruptcy by huge interest rates set by merciless North American businessmen at a rate of 3% interest due per month on average (Source). Local farmers also went bankrupt and lost their land.

The rest ofrepparttar 143418 story had to be cut off in order to fit on this website, but it may be published elsewhere.

This history of Orange County, California, was part of an original research project by South California Real Estate Agent John-Robin Middlebrook posted June 11, 2005.

I love Southern California and am familiar with many of its landscapes from the beach to the mountains, from the LA Metro to Orange County, uptown, downtown, Beverly Hills or Huntington Beach. I grew up both surfing, snowboarding, playing football and baseball. I have also traveled extensively throughout the United States, Europe, and Asia.

Mindfulness and Education: Teachers, Make It Fun

Written by Maya Talisman Frost

Continued from page 1

Kids—likerepparttar rest of us—want shortcuts. They love games. They rememberrepparttar 143229 things that make them laugh. They pay attention to processes that allow them to be their natural creative selves. Kids see oddball connections and they are extremely resourceful when it comes to playing with evenrepparttar 143230 most mundane objects and concepts.

So, let’s let them play. Something tells me they’d approach this differently if it were up to them.

I encourage teachers to include mindfulness training inrepparttar 143231 classroom, but I urge them to release their attachment torepparttar 143232 notion that it has to be done so SERIOUSLY.

Lighten up. Mindfulness is about noticing new things, drawing distinctions, shifting perspectives, and staying fully present. It isrepparttar 143233 very essence of having fun.

The truth is that it’s impossible to have fun UNLESS you’re fully present. So, it seems to me that kids already have an innate tendency to be mindful.

With a little guidance, plenty of humor, and a blast of creativity, good teachers can become great mindfulness trainers.

As long as they’re having FUN.

Maya Talisman Frost is a mind masseuse in Portland, Oregon. Through her company, Real-World Mindfulness Training, she offers fun, creative and powerful eyes-wide-open alternatives to meditation. To subscribe to her free weekly ezine, the Friday Mind Massage, please visit

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