The Finishing Steps to Building Your Log Cabin: Roofing, Siding

Written by Jack Hudson

Continued from page 1

There are many types of roofing materials that can be used on your cabin. To some extent,repparttar choice of materials will depend upon whetherrepparttar 100425 roof is pitched or flat. The table on page 120 indicates whether you should use a roll or shingle type of roofing material.

Asphalt shingles require a roof pitch of at least 4 inches to each lineal horizontal foot. Whenrepparttar 100426 pitch is this low, most manufacturers of roofing materials recommend that roofing felt or asphalt-saturated building paper be laid underrepparttar 100427 shingle roof. If your roof has any valleys, I'd suggest that you start your work by laying heavy roofing felt downrepparttar 100428 center ofrepparttar 100429 valley.

One layer of felt, 18 inches wide, should be laid face down. Then a second layer, full width, should be laid face up. After this is nailed down, you can start layingrepparttar 100430 under roofing felt or paper. Manufacturers' recommendations vary, but you'll be pretty safe ifrepparttar 100431 edges overlap about 2 inches horizontally.

Start withrepparttar 100432 lowest part of your roof. Letrepparttar 100433 edges ofrepparttar 100434 paper overlaprepparttar 100435 end ofrepparttar 100436 roof by 2 or 3 inches. This overlap should be cut later, a little underrepparttar 100437 first shingle course. The next layer of paper will overlaprepparttar 100438 lower one by 2 inches. Continue this process torepparttar 100439 peak ofrepparttar 100440 roof.

When both sides ofrepparttar 100441 roof are finished, lay one width of paper overrepparttar 100442 ridge pole. Short wide-head roofing nails should be used with this paper. Whenrepparttar 100443 paper has been put down, use a carpenter's chalk line, which is impregnated with chalk, and snaprepparttar 100444 guidelines forrepparttar 100445 shingles. If your shingle exposure is 4 inches, you will want to snap chalk lines with this spacing allrepparttar 100446 way fromrepparttar 100447 first course torepparttar 100448 last atrepparttar 100449 top.

You are now ready to start layingrepparttar 100450 shingles. The first course of shingles should be laid double and should extend % inch beyondrepparttar 100451 roof edge. The guidelines onrepparttar 100452 paper will alignrepparttar 100453 overlap which each course will have. The last rows atrepparttar 100454 top will have to be cut; and a strip of granulated roofing paper, a metal cap, or a ridge piece, or shingles laid edgewise will be required to finishrepparttar 100455 top as shown inrepparttar 100456 illustration.

Wood shingles are laid much as asphalt shingles are except that they are not butted onrepparttar 100457 sides. Leave a %-inch space betweenrepparttar 100458 shingles. The ridge piece can be made of wood strips as shown inrepparttar 100459 illustration.

Roll roofing is one ofrepparttar 100460 easiest types to apply. The accompanying illustration shows how this is done. You'll note that there is an overlap that is cemented down and nailed. This overlap varies withrepparttar 100461 type of roofing felt used.

One type has half ofrepparttar 100462 width granulated,repparttar 100463 remainder heavy felt. The granulated section is left exposed, andrepparttar 100464 felt part is cemented and nailed. This type can also be used on roofs having only enough pitch to drainrepparttar 100465 water, provided thatrepparttar 100466 roofing boards are first covered with roofing mastic.

Flat or pitched roofs can be covered with a number of materials, but one ofrepparttar 100467 least expensive methods is to build uprepparttar 100468 roof with a number of layers of roofing felt saturated with asphalt binder. The illustration shows how this is done. A cold roofing compound or hot pitch may be used as a binder.

Regardless ofrepparttar 100469 above directions, be sure to followrepparttar 100470 manufacturer's directions for applying his particular roofing material.

About the Author: Jack Hudson is a writer for and These two sites work collectively as a resouce for the planning and building of log cabins as well as choosing from different house plans. Visit one of these sites for informative articles as well as free TIPS for building a log home or choosing a house plan.

How to distribute the water in your new log cabin

Written by Jack Hudson

Continued from page 1

Whenrepparttar drive cap is added, you can driverepparttar 100424 pointed end ofrepparttar 100425 pipe intorepparttar 100426 ground with a maul. A maul is a heavy hammer. Large mauls used to drive pipe usually are made with a hardwood head. A pipe or Stillson wrench is a large tool with adjustable head that can be used to hold pipe.

A yarning tool is a rod with a flattened end used to push lead or other soft materials into a joint of pipe. A threader is used to make ends on pipe so that couplers may be screwed on. These have dies which come in various sizes from to 2 inches or more in diameter. Tubing cutters have a small wheel that cuts soft pipe. Each time you revolverepparttar 100427 clamplike tool aroundrepparttar 100428 pipe,repparttar 100429 handle is given another twist downward. This action eventually cutsrepparttar 100430 pipe.

A plumbers' furnace is a type of gasoline stove with a melting pot for lead atrepparttar 100431 top. Ladles are spoonlike dippers used to remove lead fromrepparttar 100432 plumbers' furnace torepparttar 100433 joint that is being packed. Blow torches usually use gasoline for fuel. Be sure to keeprepparttar 100434 flame of this tool away from any combustible material.

A holder consists of two boards connected together with bolts. It is used to hold lengths of pipe when lowering pipe into a well. A reamer is used to clean outrepparttar 100435 inside end of a pipe that has been cut. It is tapered and has a series of flutes.

Flaring tools are used to forcerepparttar 100436 end of copper pipe outward. They consist of a holder with various sizes of holes for pipe. A metal rod is inserted inrepparttar 100437 end ofrepparttar 100438 tubing that is held byrepparttar 100439 holder, and hit lightly with a hammer to forcerepparttar 100440 edges outward.

Hack saws are thin-bladed saws used to cut pipe. In usingrepparttar 100441 hack saw, hold it at a 90-degree angle torepparttar 100442 pipe. Do not saw too fast. Userepparttar 100443 reamer after makingrepparttar 100444 cut. The earth auger is a shovel-type tool used to make a circular hole inrepparttar 100445 earth.

About the Author: Jack Hudson is a writer for and These two sites work collectively as a resouce for the planning and building of log cabins as well as choosing from different house plans. Visit one of these sites for informative articles as well as free TIPS for building a log home or choosing a house plan.

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