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There are over 24000 relogious institutions called Madrassas in Pakistan. Over a million students are registered in these schools. The Musharaf regime are in full support of these religious schools pleading that not all religious schools promote Jehad. The education in Pakistan is becoming more and more a business. Private schools have taken over public schools in numbers. There are mpore primary school students in preivate ininstitutions than public primary schools. This is natural result of ever reducing government spending on education. Less than 2 per cent of national income in spent on education in Pakistan. But military regime can not keep same old relationship with religious fundamentalists as were before September 2001. Gradually, there is a bitter taste in their relationship. The MMA, major alliance of these religious fundamentalist parties, is threatening to launch a nationwide campaign. That is on question of democracy. The MMA alongside with ARD¨is demanding that Legal FrameWork Order (LFO) announced by General Musharaf be brought to parliament. Under LFO, through a presidential ordinance, General Musharaf have legalized its three-year of military government and several amendments have been made in constitution.
Relationship with India
Pakistan and India has fought three wars during last 56 years of socalled independence from British imperialism. At present a peace fever has taken over main policies of Musharaf regime and Vajpai,s Bhartia Junta Part government in India. The sour relationship between India and Pakistan was at its peak during last three years. No road, train or air link was allowed by two government untill three months before. Now all routs are going to be open within next three months. This is manly due to pressure of American imperialism and also from a masses to open up borders.
The American imperialism at present does not favour a war between India and Pakistan. it wants Musharaf regime to take on religious fundamentalists rather than a war on India. That is why Musharaf regime is now bringing most of its army from front line with India to front line with Afghanistan. It has carried out military operation in tribal areas between Afghanistan and Pakistan that was unthinkable in past. The periorities of American inperalism at this juncture of histiory is to put all efforts to stop Assama and its allies forces to take over Afghanistan. But since pakistani religious fundamentalists have taken over province next to Afghanistan, guerella activities is been on increas. There is an increase activites of Talba Jihadies agaisnt NATO forces in Afghanistan.
The other factor is a termendous desire of masses to a peacefull atmosphere between two countries. The both countries are economies of less than $ 400 per capita. But their main spending have been and still is expenditure on name of defense. That is at cost of social sector on both side. The infrastrucre remain absolute weak and unstable in economic , political and social basis.
The political situation is quite volatile. The presesnt set up of a mixture of military and civil politicians is not very strong one. The government is a weak government and is still not been able to legalise itself in eyes of masses. It is still considered mostly by masses and rightly so a puppet government of military with Musharaf as pressident. The prime minister Jamali who hails from Baluchistan is heading a break away group of conservative Muslim League. The ML has a long history to work together with establishment to retain and remain in power.
The present government will find itself very difficult to complete its full five years of term. Now almost a year in government, it has faced crisis after crisis. The elected prime minister zafarullah Jamali has been already forced to resign by Gen. Musharraf and former employee of IMF current Finance minister would be new prime minister. One of best comment on present government has come one of its minister of information Sheikh Rashid. He told a reporter that best success of this governmet is that it is still in power after even a year. The civilian set up under a general has tried its best to avoid any confrontation with military by obeying all its orders without any question. But this situation can not last very for.It is possible that present socalled civilian government be overthorwn by General Musharaf if he feels at unease with setup. he want to have absolute powers like a dictator but with a civilian prime minister, he had to share some of its authority. General Musharaf can become even more dictator by declaring an emergency or even a martial law. A new military rule is not at all ruled out. With or without Musharaf, military will be part of power for soem more time untill a real mass movement erupt to challange power.
25 years old Human Rights and activist for Democratic Development in Pakistan, currently living in exile in Sweden. Contact Author: email@example.com