Substitutions for commonly used ingredients

Written by Shauna Hanus

Continued from page 1

•1/8 teaspoon of garlic powder can be substituted for 1 clove of fresh garlic.

•1 pound of fresh mushrooms will be aboutrepparttar same as a 10 ounce can of mushrooms.

•Powdered sugar can substitute for granulated sugar in baking. If you are looking for a delightful taste alternative try a cup of honey with a pinch of baking soda in place of a cup of granulated sugar.

•2 cups of fresh chopped tomatoes is equivalent to a 16 ounce can of crushed tomatoes. You may have to drainrepparttar 142645 can or adjust for moisture inrepparttar 142646 recipe.

•Adding about 2 Tablespoons of molasses to a cup of granulated sugar will substitute well for a single cup of brown sugar.

•Sherry or port wine can be used instead of red or white wine. Just lowerrepparttar 142647 amount to 2 Tablespoons equals ˝ cup.

Shauna Hanus is a gourmet cook who specializes in creating gourmet meal plans. She has extensive experience cooking with easy to find grocery items to create delightful gourmet meals. She is also the publisher of a no cost bi-monthly gourmet newsletter. Her newsletter is always fun and informational packed with tips and trivia you can use everyday.

History of Coffee Timeline!

Written by Randy Wilson

Continued from page 1

1721: Berlins' first coffee diner opens.

1727: Lieutenant colonel Francisco de Melo Palheta woos France's Governor of Guiana's wife into stealing and smuggling germinated coffee seedlings in a flowers basket for him. He returns to Brazil from which he was dispatched to settle a feud betweenrepparttar French and Dutch about country border lines, only to have successfully stolen coffee and also settlingrepparttar 142283 dispute.

1732: Johann Sebastian Bach's famous one-act operetta,repparttar 142284 "Coffee Cantata," was a not so liked operatic criticism ofrepparttar 142285 extraordinary lengthsrepparttar 142286 royal and upperclass took to keep commoners from drinking coffee.

1773: In Americarepparttar 142287 Boston Tea Party allowedrepparttar 142288 experimentation with and also a popular form of protest when drinking coffee.

1775: As "Prussia's" Frederickrepparttar 142289 Greats wealth is diminished trying to stop imports of coffee andrepparttar 142290 public scorn's his foolishness he has a change of heart.

1886: Wholesale grocer Joel Cheek names a coffee blend "Maxwell House," afterrepparttar 142291 hotel in Nashville, TN where it was served.

Early 1900's: In Germany,"Kaffee klatsch" is coined to describe women's gossip. At these affairs afternoon coffee becomes a standard occasion.

1900: Whenrepparttar 142292 Hills Brothers start packaging coffee in metal tins, they half heartedly killrepparttar 142293 coffee shop diners and mills.

1901: Satori Kato Japanese-American chemist of Chicago invents instant coffee.

1903: Sanka is introduced torepparttar 142294 United States in 1923. Ludwig Roselius admits a batch of destroyed coffee beans over to chemist's, who remove caffeine fromrepparttar 142295 coffee beans without losingrepparttar 142296 flavor. Then sells it asrepparttar 142297 brand name "Sanka."

1906: George Constant Washington, an English chemist living in Guatemala, notices a powdery condensation forming onrepparttar 142298 spout of his silver coffee holder. After experimentation, he createsrepparttar 142299 first mass-produced instant coffee (his brand is called Red E Coffee).

1920: United States institute prohibition, and coffee sales explode.

1938: Having been asked by Brazil to help find a solution to their coffee surpluses, Nestle company invents freeze-dried coffee. Nestle develops Nescafe and introduces it in Switzerland.

1940: The US imports 70 percent ofrepparttar 142300 worlds coffee.

1942: During W.W.II, American soldiers are issued instant Maxwell House coffee in their ration kits. Back home, widespread hoarding leads to coffee rationing.

1946: Achilles Gaggia finishes his espresso machine In Italy. Cappuccino is named forrepparttar 142301 resemblance of its color torepparttar 142302 robes ofrepparttar 142303 monks ofrepparttar 142304 Capuchin monastery.

1969: One week before Woodstock premierrepparttar 142305 Manson Family murders coffee mogul Abigail Folger as she visits film maker Roman Polanski with Sharon Tate.

1971: The first Starbucks opens in Seattle's Pike Place public market.

© Copyright Randy Wilson, All Rights Reserved.

Randy works with his son on Ultimate Coffees Info and daughter on Making Homemade Soap. Randy owned and operated a very successful storefront/mailorder business from 1988 to 2003. Currently full time owner/operator of several online businesses.

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