Starting Your Own Fruit Trees

Written by Thomas Leo Ogren

Continued from page 1

Budding Just a little here on budding. In zones 3-8 most budding is done in May,. June or early July. The easiest method is shield budding. A T cut is made onrepparttar rootstock stem, cutting throughrepparttar 113433 outer bark andrepparttar 113434 cambium, down torepparttar 113435 hardwood.. Next you cut a thin, shield-shaped slice of wood (from scion wood ofrepparttar 113436 cultivar you wish to bud), containing one dormant bud. This shield will be about 3/4th of an inch long. This bud is then inserted inrepparttar 113437 T cut underrepparttar 113438 bark ofrepparttar 113439 seedling rootstock. I use thin, clear plastic tie tape to wraprepparttar 113440 bud up tightly. I will sometimes cut a tiny slice inrepparttar 113441 middle ofrepparttar 113442 tape and wraprepparttar 113443 tape overrepparttar 113444 tip ofrepparttar 113445 bud itself, which should just peak out ofrepparttar 113446 sliced portion ofrepparttar 113447 tape. The tape serves to keeprepparttar 113448 bud in close contact withrepparttar 113449 rootstock and also to keeprepparttar 113450 bud graft from drying out. Keep an eye onrepparttar 113451 budded stem for several weeks and by then ifrepparttar 113452 bud andrepparttar 113453 shield are still plump and green, consider it a take. Cut offrepparttar 113454 rest ofrepparttar 113455 stem half an inch aboverepparttar 113456 new bud graft, and this will forcerepparttar 113457 new bud. Budding is not quite as easy to do as grafting, at least not at first. It has several advantages though. You can bud whenrepparttar 113458 weather is nice and ifrepparttar 113459 bud doesnít take, you can try it all over again in a different spot. Budding is easiest on thicker rootstocks. I find that for me I haverepparttar 113460 best luck budding roses, apples, pears and apricots. Plums can be a little trickier. Cherries, byrepparttar 113461 way, are considerably more difficult to graft and bud than arerepparttar 113462 other stone fruits. If you are lucky enough to know an old gardener who knows how to graft, ask him or her to show you how to cut your scions. A little practice always helps as does a sharp knife. There are many books with drawings of cleft grafts and these too can be used as guides. It may sound a tad snobby, but once you can graft your own fruit trees, you join a rather select group. Almost all gardeners know what grafting is, but not that many actually know how to do it right. One last thought: cleft grafting is also easy to do on existing dormant fruit trees. There is no reason you canít graft some different varieties on each of your trees. I have an apple tree with about a dozen kinds of apples on it and a pear tree that has five kinds of pear, plus quince and apple growing on it. I also have almonds growing on one branch of a plum tree, four kinds of plums on another tree, and both plum and nectarine onrepparttar 113463 apricot tree in my front yard. I have five kinds of roses budded onrepparttar 113464 climbing rose that grows on my front porch. I guess my plants are all mixed up, but then, what can you expect from an old guava thief?

Tom Ogren isrepparttar 113465 author of Allergy-Free Gardening, and, Safe Sex inrepparttar 113466 Garden, both by Ten Speed Press, Berkeley, California.

Tom Ogren's newest book, 2004, is, What the Experts May NOT Tell You About: Growing the Perfect Lawn, from Time Warner Books.

Insecticides & Fungicides/Spreader-stickers, Wetting Agents: Getting the most out of Your Sprays

Written by Thomas Ogren

Continued from page 1
What wasrepparttar difference? Both sprays did keeprepparttar 113432 deer from eatingrepparttar 113433 roses, for awhile. The spray with soap resulted in roses that were not eaten for six nights followingrepparttar 113434 spraying. Deer did not eatrepparttar 113435 roses sprayed withrepparttar 113436 sticker spreader mix for 15 nights. It seemed obvious to me thatrepparttar 113437 sticker-spreader had indeed lockedrepparttar 113438 smelly spray material ontorepparttar 113439 roses better than hadrepparttar 113440 soap. Sticker spreader is sometimes used to make leaves on foliage plants shinier, and this works pretty well, too. If, for example, you are just spraying your roses with insecticidal soap (for aphids) and a little baking soda (for rust and mildew control) mixed with water and a bit of sticker-spreader, youíll immediately notice thatrepparttar 113441 spray does stick torepparttar 113442 leaves better and it also make them shine. Spreader-stickers can also have somewhat of a synergistic affect when used with insecticides. It not only helpsrepparttar 113443 insecticide adhere better to plant surfaces but it also helpsrepparttar 113444 insecticide penetraterepparttar 113445 bodies of insects it contacts. Perhaps most importantly, spreader-sticker also protectsrepparttar 113446 insecticide or fungicide from washing off inrepparttar 113447 rain and from breakdown from sunlight. I think I paid less than five dollars for a pint of spreader-sticker at a local nursery. A little bit goes a long way, so it seems inexpensive enough. Some ofrepparttar 113448 insecticides I like most, organic botanical-based ones such as Neem are kind of pricey, and using sticker-spreader gets me more bang for my buck.

Tom Ogren is a nationally know gardener and has appeared numerous times on HGTV. His website is

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