Socrates and Sages

Written by Robert Bruce Baird

Continued from page 1

Forensic analysis isrepparttar science and art of detective work. It comes in handy to have been an owner of a Public Relations firm (after being an auditor) for twelve years as I wade throughrepparttar 127632 possibilities of 'spin-doctoring' at work byrepparttar 127633 Bible Exegesists. They sometimes call themselves hermeneuts or other high-falutin' names that would get any bum a coffee, and some change. Here isrepparttar 127634 real perspective ofrepparttar 127635 Arab scholars from a highly credible Encyclopedia from 1996:


Pythagoras is often mentioned in Arabic philosophy and in gnomic literature. Jaldake calls him 'al-mu' lallim al-awival' because he acquiredrepparttar 127636 science from hermetic texts.

SOCRATES {Teacher of Plato and Aristotle, also mentioned as an alchemist in Mark Haeffner's 'Dictionary of Alchemy along with these same people. Yet no anthology of Aristotle in my local library mentions his 'Secretum Secretorum'.}

Socrates is considered not only as a wise man but also as an alchemist {HIS teacher Archelaos was too.}. Jabir calls him 'the father and mother of all philosophers' and considers him asrepparttar 127637 prototype ofrepparttar 127638 real chemist. From Socrates to Jabir, there is a continuous tradition which attributes entire treatises to him {All kept from unwarranted viewers.}. Jabir affirms that Socrates was opposed to writing down of alchemic knowledge to avoid its exposition torepparttar 127639 ignorance ofrepparttar 127640 masses. Most references to Socrates refer to his arithmetical speculations (theory of balance) and also to artificial generation {Homonunclus to be covered more later.}.


In reference to his bookrepparttar 127641 'Liber Quartorum' he says: 'The contents of this book are mainly alchemic but it contains also information on geometry, physiology and astrology. The ancient authors cited are Aristotle, Ptolemy, Hipparchus, Proclus,repparttar 127642 Sophists {Not alchemists and too open about their knowledge forrepparttar 127643 liking of Socrates who compared them to prostitutes who sell their beauty for money.}, Ostanes, Hermes, Asclepius and Hippocrates


He wrote a book on alchemy for his disciple Alexander… It includes three chapters (l) Aboutrepparttar 127644 great principles of alchemy; (2) Alchemic operations; (3) The elixir. Pythagoras, Democritus, Asclepiades, Hermes, Plato, Ostanes, and Balinās are mentioned inrepparttar 127645 text. We also have a dialogue between Aristotle andrepparttar 127646 Indian Yūhīn sent byrepparttar 127647 Indian king as messenger to Alexander...

Zosimus and his contemporaries {Third century AD. much after these others, and in line with what Barrett says.} who collected their predecessors' traditions insist on their connections withrepparttar 127648 Egypt ofrepparttar 127649 Pharoahs or withrepparttar 127650 Persia of Zoroastra and Ostanes. We can find texts underrepparttar 127651 name of Agathodaiman compared with Hermes. Some written pieces even say that alchemic texts were engraved in hieroglyphs on steles {Stones that could be rubbed with charcoal and parchment would pick uprepparttar 127652 symbols and formulas - thus ancient libraries.) but it was absolutely forbidden to divulge them.


According to Ibn al-Nadim (351, 19) Arab alchemists consideredrepparttar 127653 Babylonian Hermes asrepparttar 127654 first one to have mentionedrepparttar 127655 art of alchemy. Exiled by his countrymen, he came to Egypt where he became king {Guilds and knowledge were prerequisites to achieve high office in ancient times, for examplerepparttar 127656 Tuatha de Danaan leader - Lugh.}. He wrote a certain number of books on alchemy and was equally interested inrepparttar 127657 hidden forces of nature.

The 'Fihrist' gives a list of thirteen books of Hermes about alchemy but in fact some of them are about magic." (3)

Atrepparttar 127658 very least we can be assured that someone knows alchemists weren't hermits hiding in caves working on making manure into gold. That isrepparttar 127659 way many books and even Time/Life Video portrays them. They called Carl Jung an alchemist as well. That may be, in some definitions ofrepparttar 127660 word; but I never read where Jung thought of himself in that manner even though he wrote a book on Psychology and Alchemy. His interest was more inrepparttar 127661 archetypal primordial symbology, andrepparttar 127662 truth aspects of it. If we were to accept Jung as an alchemist, then all Masons or at leastrepparttar 127663 high level ones in Rosicrucianism are alchemists. It is true that some ofrepparttar 127664 attendees at Eranos were alchemists and that Jung was a hermeticist, I suppose. It is not an easy title to throw around and I have been a student of these things for many years, but still wouldn't call myself an alchemist and certainly not a Spagyricist.

Many ofrepparttar 127665 items and people mentioned will be dealt with as we proceed but there are many others who have traveled this awesome road in pursuit of something less than what is right. Personally I agree with Mr. Barrett about no one person being able to truly know so much. The 'Thrice-greatest' appellation is either psychopompous braggadocio or a guise to mislead. The Three laws ofrepparttar 127666 magi require intense study and two would likely berepparttar 127667 maximum that anyone has actually achieved unless we are to go back torepparttar 127668 designer ofrepparttar 127669 Great Pyramid. The application of all knowledge that exists in that one monument is beyondrepparttar 127670 perception of all but a few writers, amongrepparttar 127671 hundreds of thousands who hold forth on its meaning.

It would be interesting ifrepparttar 127672 Russians really did haverepparttar 127673 'Philosopher's Stone' that some claim they are selling underrepparttar 127674 name of 'Red Mercury'. Atomic research is only one way of getting this kind of knowledge and I believe it requires spiritual knowledge and attunement as well. This perception is shared by alchemists who I have befriended, and by Rosicrucian inner sanctum people who think highly of my knowledge inrepparttar 127675 area. Paracelsus was a prodigy inrepparttar 127676 field and I have his formula for makingrepparttar 127677 'Stone'. It would not avail me any good to try to make it, unless I had prepared myself inrepparttar 127678 manner attributed to Jesus as he spent forty days inrepparttar 127679 desert without food and water. For esoteric scholars who have not traveled any distance alongrepparttar 127680 path towards such attunements it makes little sense for them to comment on alchemy. Israel Regardie was Aleister Crowley's personal secretary and he wrote books onrepparttar 127681 subject as well as an educational approach fromrepparttar 127682 Hermetic Order ofrepparttar 127683 Golden Dawn (HOGD). In his book 'The Philosopher's Stone' he saidrepparttar 127684 whole meaning was metaphoric for a spiritual transmutation only. Twenty-some years later when he did a reprint, he knew better.

Columnist in The ES Press Magazine guest expert Author of Diverse Druids


Written by Joey Lewitin

Continued from page 1

History The ancient Greeks and Romans both used marble expansively. The Greeks built many of their famous architectural masterpieces using Pentelic marble. They carved many ofrepparttar most famous statues in history from other Greek marbles. Whenrepparttar 127631 Roman Empire rose it conqueredrepparttar 127632 Greek quarries, as well as many others quarries in various countries and used marble in many of their architectural and artistic endeavors as well. Marble is often associated withrepparttar 127633 Hellenic and Classical time period for these reasons.

Today Today marble is used in stone home furnishings, floors, counters, clocks, hot plates, tables, pillars, structural resurfacing, even bathroom applications. It can be found in almost every country inrepparttar 127634 world. Its style and versatility make it one ofrepparttar 127635 ideal choices for building materials and structural supply.

Joey Lewitin is an author, a designer, and an artist. Check his website to see some of his creations such as a variety of Decorative unique wall clocks and rustic stone furnishings, and gifts

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