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Turn off PC,but do not unplug it,open system unit. Set multimeter to read DC volts in next range higher than 12 volts.Locate a power connector similair to hard drive,or cdrom drive connector that is unused and turn on PC.
You can also unplug a drive connector and use it as well.Turn on PC and insert BLACK probe into power connector on one of BLACK wires.Touch RED probe to YELLOW wire on power connector.
The multimeter reading should be +12 volts Now touch RED probe to RED wire and reading should be +5 volts.If no readings or different readings occured,you'll have to replace power supply.If readings were correct,you should check P8 or P9 connectors at motherboard. These connectors may also be named P4 and P5.To check these connectors,perform following...
Insert BLACK probe into P8 at one of BLACK wires. Insert RED probe into P8 connector at RED wire. The reading on multimeter should be +5 volts
Check power going to Motherboard connections by inserting RED probe into P8 at YELLOW wire and you should get +12 volts.Leave BLACK wire touching black wire at P8 connector.Check BLUE wire and reading should be a -12 volts.
Now move BLACK probe to BLACK wire on P9 connector.Test WHITE wire by inserting RED probe and reading should be -5 volts.Check RED wires on P9 connector and you should get +5 volts on each red wire.You won't get exactly 5 or 12 volts but readings will be very close, such as 5.02 volts.
If Power Supply is a couple of volts off,in either direction,such as when RED wire should be reading -5 volts but it reads -8 volts,or if there are no readings,replace power supply.
DO NOT remove power supply from system unit case when performing these tests.DO NOT perform these tests if you do not feel comfortable.Be sure to remove any and all electrical static build-up from your clothes and body BEFORE touching any parts inside system unit.And NEVER open power supply case for any reason,since high voltage may be present.
Otis F. Cooper is solely dedicated to boosting the knowledge and confidence of every computer user that is serious about knowing computers.Use his informative articles and videos to understand every aspect about the PC. Read more about his formula for pc training at http://www.ultimatepcrepair.com