Continued from page 1
Exercise: Saint Bernards should not be over-exercised as puppies to prevent any damage to their rapidly growing bones and muscles. They are much more active when younger, but tend to slow down once fully grown and don't need as much space for exercise. They need an average amount of exercise and will be happy with regular walks and opportunities to run freely of lead.
History: These dogs descended from Asian Mastiff family and travelled from Greece to Italy and then into Europe. Around 1000 AD breed had established a reputation for assisting lost travellers, due to Swiss monk Bernard de Menthon (from whom they got their name). They were never given formal training, but these dogs had an amazing ability to scent out stranded people in snow. They would often keep victim warm by lying on each side of body, while another dog would go back for help. Inbreeding occurred over centuries and it became necessary to outcross to Newfoundlands and Pyrenean Mountain Dogs. However these crosses brought in rough coated varieties whose coat collected snow and weighed them down in icy weather.
Saint Bernards need plenty of bone forming additives, vitamins and minerals when growing, for them to develop muscles needed to carry their large frame. Saint Bernards tend to drool a fair amount, due to their lower lips drooping at outside corners. It is especially noticeable when they are eating and drinking.
This article provided courtesy of http://www.dooziedog.com/dog_breeds/saint_bernard/