Rules of noble succession

Written by Jan-Olov von Wowern

Continued from page 1

The vast majority of all noble families have agnatic succession, meaning both sons and daughters of a noble father are noble, but onlyrepparttar grandchildren ofrepparttar 143541 sons (and not ofrepparttar 143542 daughters) are noble. Certainly in most families created noble by means of a letter patent issued by a Monarch, this is by farrepparttar 143543 most common rule of succession.

Cognatic succession is, for practical genealogical purposes, only relevant in a few cases where it can be shown that this was indeedrepparttar 143544 original form of noble succession ofrepparttar 143545 family, and there is an unbroken chain of succession from these (ancient) times down till today.

If we were to discussrepparttar 143546 succession torepparttar 143547 headship of a family, it would be necessary to distinguish betweenrepparttar 143548 two variants of cognatic succession, true and false. True cognatic succession meansrepparttar 143549 firstborn child, whether a son or a daughter, hasrepparttar 143550 best claims. False cognatic succession would mean any son would inherit before a daughter regardless if he was younger, but inrepparttar 143551 absence of sonsrepparttar 143552 oldest daughter would haverepparttar 143553 best claims.

The kingdom of Sweden today has, according to its constitution, true cognatic succession, that isrepparttar 143554 firstborn child ofrepparttar 143555 Monarch hasrepparttar 143556 best claims torepparttar 143557 succession torepparttar 143558 Throne. Some other Monarchies also have this system.

If, for genealogical purposes, you want to find out if a certain noble family as agnatic or cognatic succession, you need to either look atrepparttar 143559 letter patent by whichrepparttar 143560 family was created noble, or, inrepparttar 143561 case ofrepparttar 143562 original nobility, establishrepparttar 143563 terms and conditions for noble succession in use atrepparttar 143564 time and place whererepparttar 143565 family was first recognised as noble. In most cases,repparttar 143566 family members living today will be able to tell you which form of succession they have.

Jan-Olov von Wowern lives in Stockholm, Sweden, and is the head of the Swedish branch of the von Wowern family, dating back to its founder who was born around 1090 and made a Marquis in 1141. He is active in European charitable and nobiliary work. Visit his page at and download a FREE chapter from his book.

White Noise and 10 other Soothing Sounds for Calming a Colicky Infant

Written by Cherie Stirewalt

Continued from page 1
So this is where you, as a parent, step in. Reducerepparttar environmental stimuli and recreaterepparttar 143452 feeling your baby had while inrepparttar 143453 womb. Remember, inrepparttar 143454 womb, your baby was packed in tightly. It was dark. It was warm. Andrepparttar 143455 prominent sound she heard wasrepparttar 143456 “whoosh” of blood flowing throughrepparttar 143457 placenta. This “whoosh” is a little louder thanrepparttar 143458 noise of a vacuum cleaner running. Of course, a vacuum cleaner white noise cd can be purchased to recreate this "whooshing" sound for your baby. They are effective for extreme colic cases. However, there are other items you might have aroundrepparttar 143459 house that can lull your over stimulated colic baby to sleep. Most babies can be soothed by rhythmic, monotonous, low-pitched, humming sound that repeats at 60-70 pulses per minute. Here are 10 such items for you to try: 1.A shower running 2.A fan 3.A running dishwasher 4.A running washing machine 5.A very loud, ticking clock 6.A bathroom fan turned on withrepparttar 143460 light off 7.A metronome set a 60 beats per minute 8.A radio tuned to static 9.A tv tuned to static 10.Smooth jazz or easy listening stations While listening to these rhythmic sounds, it is best to lowerrepparttar 143461 lights, and make your baby comfortable. Remember, we are trying to recreaterepparttar 143462 feeling of being inrepparttar 143463 womb. Finally, it is true what you read. Baby colic does eventually come to an end. As your baby grows, and their brains increase in size, all ofrepparttar 143464 circuits mature and they learnrepparttar 143465 survival tools necessary to cope. It only takes about three to six months. Inrepparttar 143466 meantime, when you feel a crying outburst about to happen, turn offrepparttar 143467 lights…and turn on all your household appliances. Just kidding!

Cherie L. Stirewalt is a colic baby survivor and shares her colic experiences on her website The site offers a one-of-a-kind white noise download and white noise CD to help frustrated parents cope with their fussy baby fast!

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