Pruning and Training Trees and Shrubs

Written by Alan Jolliffe

Continued from page 1

Hiding pruning cuts. One ofrepparttar hardest things to do is to hiderepparttar 110092 pruning cut. Impossible? Well maybe. The visual impact of cuts can be lessened dramatically by changingrepparttar 110093 angle ofrepparttar 110094 cut andrepparttar 110095 position ofrepparttar 110096 cut. If possible always makerepparttar 110097 cut beside an existing side shoot sorepparttar 110098 end does not look like it has been cut off. Try to facerepparttar 110099 cuts upwards or towardsrepparttar 110100 centre ofrepparttar 110101 plant or towardsrepparttar 110102 back ofrepparttar 110103 border.

Pick those flowers. The easiest and most rewarding pruning anyone can do is to pickrepparttar 110104 flowers for indoor display or to give away. This way flowers can be appreciated inrepparttar 110105 garden and insiderepparttar 110106 house. Cutting flowers off atrepparttar 110107 correct pruning position will save additional pruning time later on.

Pruning times. Confusion often reins aboutrepparttar 110108 time to prune many plants. A simple rule is this; "Prune After Flowering". There is no need to remember which plants need pruning in which months. Pruning after flowering means that dead flowers are removed, unwanted fruit is not produced and new shoots are encouraged to grow. Spring flowering plants are a good example because it is easy to see how this is applied. Similarly with summer flowering plants.

With plants that are tender and likely to be frosted over winter just considerrepparttar 110109 dormant period of winter as a "short" period. Fuchsias, for example, flower in late summer, are frost tender in winter, and make growth in spring. Duringrepparttar 110110 dormant period of winter no growth takes place. Therefore to prune in spring does not effectrepparttar 110111 growth ofrepparttar 110112 plant. The rule therefore still applies "prune after flowering".

Pruning after flowering allowsrepparttar 110113 plant to takerepparttar 110114 longest possible time to lay down new shoots and buds forrepparttar 110115 next flowering season.

Summer pruning. Most ofrepparttar 110116 training will occur inrepparttar 110117 summer notrepparttar 110118 winter. Summer pruning and training requires care and knowledge. Young vigorous growth can be removed to encourage branching at a lower height inrepparttar 110119 same season. It may be possible to prunerepparttar 110120 same shoots twice or even tree times duringrepparttar 110121 summer. This encouragesrepparttar 110122 plant to mature earlier and at a smaller size, producing flowers and fruit earlier in its life.

Root pruning. Root pruning is not practiced very much. It can be a very effective way to slow down growth of very vigorous plants.

No pruning. Not all plants require pruning andrepparttar 110123 same plant growing in different places may require different pruning to achieverepparttar 110124 required garden shape. Always considerrepparttar 110125 individual, plant and its character and its position inrepparttar 110126 garden.

If you do not like pruning then choose plants that don't require pruning.

Final Advice Pruning is not a once a year job. People often regard pruning as a once a year activity. Don't be fooled byrepparttar 110127 fact that some other people use pruning as an excuse for a mid-winter or spring cleanup. Think ofrepparttar 110128 plants - they are individuals too and require individual treatment.

The only way to become a competent pruner is to practice pruning, observerepparttar 110129 results, correct your techniques and practice. Remember practice makes perfect.

Alan Jolliffe is a garden writer and lecturer. I am available to write special articles for you about Gardening and about New Zealand. I am a professional horticulturist, recreation manager,tourism advisor, teacher and local government manager. Contact

Mega firmament in real estate

Written by Cameron Lindblom,

Continued from page 1
Of course, itís hardly possible to changerepparttar entire town-planning system that had been developing for decades. Eco-house ideologists understand how little can be changed about it; however, they still believe thereís something that can be done to makerepparttar 110091 situation better. But whenrepparttar 110092 problem becomes vivid enough, any solution delay is a crime. Every reasonable person must take care of his health, as well as preserving favorable environmental conditions. To be continued...

Cameron G. Lindblom is a Sweden-born businessman who's built his success in real estate. Apart from running his business, he is the Editorial Board Manager at RealEstateGates Ltd (

One of his outstanding works is called 'Drugs and Society', 1998.

"Wrong choice goes from ignorance of the better", Cameron often says to people and this seems to be his lifetime motto.

Eric Svein

    <Back to Page 1 © 2005
Terms of Use