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You can plant roses in fall or spring, but fall is actually best. When planting roses, inspect roots to make sure they have not dried and if they have make sure you soak them before planting. Trim back any roots that are weak, long or broken.
Set plant in a hole that is large enough so that roots can spread. The part of plant where top attaches to roots (called bud) should be just under surface of ground. Plants should be spaced 18” apart. Prune branches back to about 8” from soil.
To grow good roses it is necessary to cultivate, to prune and to spray. If you have a well-cultivated bed you need not worry about watering. But if you start to water in hot weather, you must keep it up, soaking roots thoroughly about once a week.
Spraying every 10 days guards against diseases and insects that attack roses. Nicotine sulphate wipes out green lice; arsenate of lead is used against chewing insects; or sulphur and arsenate of lead may be used in a dust, as may DDT dust.
When winter approaches, protect your roses by piling sod or straw mulch around them. If you have climbing roses, remove supports and place canes on ground, peg them, and cover with soil mounds.
Lee Dobbins writes for http://www.backyard-garden-and-patio.com where you can find out more about gardening. Visit http://www.backyard-garden-and-patio.com/garden-flowers.html to find out more about garden flowers.