Pennies On The Dollar - Buying Audio Software Smart. Part 14

Written by David D. Deprice

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Aristotle the Alchemist

Written by Robert Bruce Baird

Continued from page 1

On this conception, "physics," which deals with phenomenal appearances, including psychology, is contrasted [p. 62] withrepparttar theory of causes, "first things," or "metaphysics."

This philosophical conception so dominates Aristotle's mind that he practically abandons, in theory,repparttar 138094 subjective point of view. In his view ofrepparttar 138095 soul, he goes over to a biological conception, which is, however, not that of evolution. Natural species, likerepparttar 138096 types of Plato, are immutable. The soul isrepparttar 138097 "first entelechy" or formal cause ofrepparttar 138098 body; in essence it is akin to ether. It embodies alsorepparttar 138099 efficient and final causal principles. Man, inrepparttar 138100 masculine gender, alone realisesrepparttar 138101 end of nature. Psychology, thus fused with biology, extends to plants and animals and so becomes a comparative science. The plants have nutritive and reproductive souls; they propagate their form. Animals have, besides,repparttar 138102 sentient and moving soul, which is endowed with impulse, feeling, andrepparttar 138103 faculty of imaging. In man, finally,repparttar 138104 thinking or rational soul is present. This is implanted inrepparttar 138105 person before birth from without; and at death it goes back to its source,repparttar 138106 divine reason, where it continues in eternal but impersonal form. It is two-fold in its nature in man, partaking both of divine reason and ofrepparttar 138107 sensitive soul; it is both active and passive (nouV poihtikos and nouV paqetikoV).

Inrepparttar 138108 theory ofrepparttar 138109 relation of these souls to one another, Aristotle advances to a genetic and strictly modern point of view. They are not separate "parts," having different local seats inrepparttar 138110 body, as [p. 63] Plato taught, but functions ofrepparttar 138111 one developing principle. The higher is developed from and includesrepparttar 138112 lower.

In all this, it is evident that whilerepparttar 138113 objective point of view is maintained, stillrepparttar 138114 doctrine is notrepparttar 138115 result of a searching of consciousness; nor does it employ a strictly empirical method. It does not isolaterepparttar 138116 sphere of mind as one of conscious fact, distinct from that ofrepparttar 138117 physical. The results are onrepparttar 138118 same level for mind, life, and physics inrepparttar 138119 narrower sense; they are deduced fromrepparttar 138120 immanental conception of nature as a whole. So far Aristotlerepparttar 138121 metaphysician.

But Aristotlerepparttar 138122 scientific observer is still to be heard from. It is clear that psychological facts may be observed, just as other facts may be, even inrepparttar 138123 absence of any clear distinction as torepparttar 138124 presence or absence of consciousness. Aristotle set himself to investigaterepparttar 138125 functions ofrepparttar 138126 soul, looking upon it asrepparttar 138127 biological principle of form in nature. In this sense, as using an objective method of observation, and as making important and lasting discoveries, he is properly to be described asrepparttar 138128 pioneer psychologist. (7)

His insights were boundless and Pseudo-Aristotle or he, himself, also wrote aboutrepparttar 138129 Carthaginian ban on travel to America. His insight onrepparttar 138130 Carthaginian democratic system with a common consent king is important to getting a glimpse of how much better things were inrepparttar 138131 earlier times before Empire became allrepparttar 138132 rage. Whether he supportedrepparttar 138133 stupid ban on educating women or just went along because it was politically incorrect and dangerous to do otherwise is something we may never really know. Aquinas re-worked much of Aristotle intorepparttar 138134 Catholic dogma and many Thomists in that behemoth still hold sway.

Go to if you are interested in books that explain more than the paradigm seeks to let you know. This is an excerpt from one volume of my encyclopedia which can be purchased there.

Author of Diverse Druids Columnist for The ES Press Magazine

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