Only knowledge from above...

Written by Terry Dashner

Continued from page 1

Before Columbus could sail to a New World, there had to be a greater knowledge ofrepparttar seas and navigation. Whenrepparttar 127617 ancient Phoenicians took torepparttar 127618 seas, they huggedrepparttar 127619 coastline to keep from getting lost at sea. Whenrepparttar 127620 Vikings took torepparttar 127621 seas a few centuries before Columbus, they were using primitive (caged ravens to determine proximity to shore), but albeit greater knowledge and technology thanrepparttar 127622 Phoenicians.

There were two basic inventions duringrepparttar 127623 Renaissance that made Columbusí journey torepparttar 127624 New World possibleóthe magnetic compass andrepparttar 127625 astrolabe (forerunner torepparttar 127626 modern sextant). Only by knowledge ofrepparttar 127627 sun, moon, and stars, with a few simple instruments that measured distance between sun, moon, and stars did Columbus succeed in navigatingrepparttar 127628 high seas. Here again, knowledge from above was necessary to move man forward.

Rememberrepparttar 127629 importance ofrepparttar 127630 stars torepparttar 127631 wise men fromrepparttar 127632 east when Jesus was born? Remember what Jesus said in Matthew 24 about His second return? What did He say would foretell His appearing? He told usrepparttar 127633 sun would turn dark andrepparttar 127634 stars would fall fromrepparttar 127635 heavens. Thatís interesting. Again, knowledge ofrepparttar 127636 stars above will point torepparttar 127637 soon coming King of Kings.

Now what am I saying? Iím saying that God putrepparttar 127638 stars inrepparttar 127639 sky for a purpose. Yes, they are beautiful, but there is more to them than just their beauty. The Bible declares that all His creation declares His glory. Evenrepparttar 127640 stars inrepparttar 127641 sky speak of their Creator. Why canít man do this? Why does man remainrepparttar 127642 only rebel in Godís creation who refuses to worship and adore his Creator? The Bible says that a man who says in his heart that there is no God is a fool.

There was good reason whyrepparttar 127643 three wise men were called wise--they looked above them for guidance and it came to them inrepparttar 127644 form of a star. It just so happened thatrepparttar 127645 star they discovered wasrepparttar 127646 Christ child. The wisest discovery of all time. (Sources cited are available)

Pastor of Faith Fellowship Church in Broken Arrow, OK. (918-451-0270)

The Measurement Problem in Quantum Mechanics

Written by Sam Vaknin

Continued from page 1

Another, no less crucial, question relates torepparttar apparent arbitrariness ofrepparttar 127616 selection process. Allrepparttar 127617 "parts" of a superposition constitute potential collapse events and, therefore, can, in principle, be measured. Why is only one event measured in any given measurement? How is it "selected" to berepparttar 127618 collapse event? Why does it retain a privileged status versusrepparttar 127619 measurement apparatus or act?

It seems that preferred states have to do withrepparttar 127620 inexorable process ofrepparttar 127621 increase inrepparttar 127622 overall amount of order inrepparttar 127623 Universe. If other states were to have been selected, order would have diminished. The proof is again inrepparttar 127624 pudding: order does increase allrepparttar 127625 time Ė therefore, measurable collapse events and pointer states tend to increase order. There is a process of negative, order-orientated, selection: collapse events and states which tend to increase entropy are filtered out and statistically "avoided". They are measured less.

There seems to be a guiding principle (that ofrepparttar 127626 statistical increase of order inrepparttar 127627 Universe). This guiding principle cannot be communicated to quantum systems with each and every measurement because such communication would have to be superluminal. The only logical conclusion is that allrepparttar 127628 information relevant torepparttar 127629 decrease of entropy and torepparttar 127630 increase of order inrepparttar 127631 Universe is stored in each and every part ofrepparttar 127632 Universe, no matter how minuscule and how fundamental.

It is safe to assume that, very much like in living organisms, allrepparttar 127633 relevant information regardingrepparttar 127634 preferred (order-favoring) quantum states is stored in a kind of Physical DNA (PDNA). The unfolding of this PDNA takes place inrepparttar 127635 physical world, during interactions between physical systems (one of which isrepparttar 127636 measurement apparatus).

The Biological DNA contains allrepparttar 127637 information aboutrepparttar 127638 living organism and is replicated trillions of times over, stored inrepparttar 127639 basic units ofrepparttar 127640 organism,repparttar 127641 cell. What reason is there to assume that nature deviated from this (very pragmatic) principle in other realms of existence? Why not repeat this winning design in quarks?

The Biological variant of DNA requires a biochemical context (environment) to translate itself into an organism Ė an environment made up of amino acids, etc. The PDNA probably also requires some type of context:repparttar 127642 physical world as revealed throughrepparttar 127643 act of measurement.

The information stored inrepparttar 127644 physical particle is structural because order has to do with structure. Very much like a fractal (or a hologram), every particle reflectsrepparttar 127645 whole Universe accurately andrepparttar 127646 same laws of nature apply to both. Considerrepparttar 127647 startling similarities betweenrepparttar 127648 formalisms andrepparttar 127649 laws that pertain to subatomic particles and black holes.

Moreover,repparttar 127650 distinction between functional (operational) and structural information is superfluous and artificial. There is a magnitude bias here: being creatures ofrepparttar 127651 macrocosm, form and function look to us distinct. But if we accept that "function" is merely what we call an increase in order thenrepparttar 127652 distinction is cancelled becauserepparttar 127653 only way to measurerepparttar 127654 increase in order is structurally. We measure functioning (=the increase in order) using structural methods (the alignment or arrangement of instruments).

Still,repparttar 127655 information contained in each particle should encompass, at least,repparttar 127656 relevant (close, non-negligible and non-cancelable) parts ofrepparttar 127657 Universe. This is a tremendous amount of data. How is it stored in tiny corpuscles?

Either utilizing methods and processes which we are far even from guessing Ė or elserepparttar 127658 relevant information is infinitesimally (almost vanishingly) small.

The extent of necessary information contained in each and every physical particle could be somehow linked to (even equal to)repparttar 127659 number of possible quantum states, torepparttar 127660 superposition itself, or torepparttar 127661 collapse event. It may well be thatrepparttar 127662 whole Universe can be adequately encompassed in an unbelievably minute, negligibly tiny, amount of data which is incorporated in those quantum supercomputers that today, for lack of better understanding, we call "particles".

Technical Note

Our Universe can be mathematically described as a "matched" or PLL filter whose properties let throughrepparttar 127663 collapsed outcomes of wave functions (when measured) - orrepparttar 127664 "signal". The rest ofrepparttar 127665 superposition (orrepparttar 127666 other "Universes" in a Multiverse) can be represented as "noise". Our Universe, therefore, enhancesrepparttar 127667 signal-to-noise ratio through acts of measurement (a generalization ofrepparttar 127668 anthropic principle).


Ollivier H., Poulin D. & Zurek W. H. Phys. Rev. Lett., 93. 220401 (2004). Zurek W. H. Arxiv, Preprint (2004).

Sam Vaknin ( ) is the author of Malignant Self Love - Narcissism Revisited and After the Rain - How the West Lost the East. He served as a columnist for Central Europe Review, PopMatters, and eBookWeb , and Bellaonline, and as a United Press International (UPI) Senior Business Correspondent. He is the the editor of mental health and Central East Europe categories in The Open Directory and Suite101.

    <Back to Page 1 © 2005
Terms of Use