Milling Four Square Lumber

Written by Dave Markel

Continued from page 1

Step 4: Truingrepparttar second face The thickness planer is by farrepparttar 116178 best tool to accomplish this. Onrepparttar 116179 jointer it is simple to getrepparttar 116180 second face true but it is quite difficult to get it parallel torepparttar 116181 first.

The thickness planer guidesrepparttar 116182 board and makesrepparttar 116183 second face exactly parallel torepparttar 116184 first. Oncerepparttar 116185 second face is true and parallel torepparttar 116186 first continue to planerepparttar 116187 board until it reachesrepparttar 116188 finished thickness, in this case 5/8". Remember to feedrepparttar 116189 stock withrepparttar 116190 grain to ensure a smooth clean cut.

Step 5: Square one edge Back torepparttar 116191 jointer for this step. Setrepparttar 116192 jointer fence so it is exactly 90 degrees torepparttar 116193 table and be surerepparttar 116194 cutting depth is set to 1/16". Determinerepparttar 116195 direction ofrepparttar 116196 grain and place on face againstrepparttar 116197 jointer fence and make a pass throughrepparttar 116198 cutter applying steady pressure againstrepparttar 116199 fence.

Once you are satisfied thatrepparttar 116200 edge and face are square to each other markrepparttar 116201 edge for reference.

Step 6: Squarerepparttar 116202 other edge Now that you have one edge prepared it is back torepparttar 116203 table saw to riprepparttar 116204 board to width. Setrepparttar 116205 fence 4-9/16" (1/16" larger then needed). Withrepparttar 116206 marked edge againstrepparttar 116207 table saw fence riprepparttar 116208 board. Now return torepparttar 116209 jointer and make one final pass, millingrepparttar 116210 new sawn edge. Be sure thatrepparttar 116211 jointer is set to 1/16".

Step 7: Squaingrepparttar 116212 ends I prefer to use a table saw to squarerepparttar 116213 end and cutrepparttar 116214 board to length although a table saw with a miter gauge will work as well. Check that your miter saw is cutting a true 90 degrees and when you are sure it is trim one end ofrepparttar 116215 board, taking as little off as possible. Now measurerepparttar 116216 finished width of 30" and makerepparttar 116217 cut taking care to cut onrepparttar 116218 waste side ofrepparttar 116219 line.

Conclusion: You should now have a board that is 30" x 4-1/2 " x 5/8" with all four sides square to one another.

There are a number of methods that will work for milling a board square, however I have always had good luck using this method.

Dave Markel is the author of "The All Wood Working Journal". He has helped hundreds of individuals improve their wood working skills. Visit his site at

Shop and Personal Safety

Written by Dave Markel

Continued from page 1

Make sure you avoid loose clothing and roll up your sleeves. Remove rings, and tie up long hair.

Having sharp tools and blades is important. It takes less force to performrepparttar cut and that reducesrepparttar 116177 chance of getting injured.

Some safety measure should be no brainers. Don't drink or take drugs and operate power tools!

Part of being safe is to also be prepared. Accidents do happen despite all precautions. Do you have a plan inrepparttar 116178 event you get injured?

How far away isrepparttar 116179 phone?

Will somebody hear your call for help?

Do you have a first aid kit inrepparttar 116180 shop?

Plan now because you won't be thinking too clear after you are injured.

The important thing to remember is to not get complacent. Performing repetative actions can cause one to loose focus and thats when you get hurt.

Remember to read manuals, and if you aren't sure how to do something ask. Go online and learn how to do things properly.

Dave Markel is the author of "The All Wood Working Journal". He has helped hundreds of individuals improve their wood working skills. Visit his site at

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