Learn From Your Mistakes

Written by Cori Sachais Swidorsky

Continued from page 1

The next time you make a mistake, accept it, deal with it and then think aboutrepparttar positive lesson you can learn from it. You may be able to give someone great advice based on mistakes you have made.

Mistakes are all a part of life; they are things we can call our own. Learn from your mistakes because life is a never-ending lesson.

I Reside in Pittsburgh Pennsylvania. Stay at home mom,work at home mom, author and editor of Informing Women Newsletter and owner of http://www.informingwomen.com Author of Advice from an Ordinary Woman column for the Crescent Hills NewsLetter. Have articles published at todayshint.com , cleaningfacts.com and other various websites.

How Are Ugg Boots Are Made?

Written by Geoff Sharp

Continued from page 1

Scouring (30-45 minutes) - Surfactants are used at 38oC to remove dirt and grease (lanolin) fromrepparttar wool.

Pickling (16 hours) - Prior to tanning,repparttar 148726 skins are pickled in a solution containing acid and salt. The salt is added to prevent swelling ofrepparttar 148727 skins byrepparttar 148728 acid. The internal pH ofrepparttar 148729 skins is lowered to approximately 2.8-3.0, thereby preparingrepparttar 148730 skins for penetration byrepparttar 148731 tanning agent.

Tanning (16 hours) - Tanning is generally achieved by using chromium salts which form cross-links withrepparttar 148732 collagen, stabilisingrepparttar 148733 skin structure and preventing putrefaction. The tanning step is conducted at about 25oC and pH 2.5-3.0 to allow for penetration ofrepparttar 148734 chrome. Once penetrated,repparttar 148735 chrome is fixed torepparttar 148736 collagen by raisingrepparttar 148737 pH to about 3.6 using sodium bicarbonate, and heating to about 35-40oC. This step raisesrepparttar 148738 shrinkage temperature ofrepparttar 148739 skin from about 60oC to around 100oC.

Wool Dyeing / Fatliquoring (3-4 hours) - After tanning,repparttar 148740 wool may be dyed a variety of colours. Wool dyeing is performed at about pH 4.5-6 and at 60-65oC, "Pelt reserve agents" being added to preventrepparttar 148741 wool dye stainingrepparttar 148742 pelt. Afterrepparttar 148743 dye is exhausted,repparttar 148744 pH is lowered to about 4.0 to fixrepparttar 148745 dyes torepparttar 148746 wool, and fatliquor is added torepparttar 148747 bath. Fatliquors are emulsified oils which are used in leather manufacture to lubricaterepparttar 148748 collagen fibres, allowing them to move freely whenrepparttar 148749 skin is dried, thereby imparting softness torepparttar 148750 skin.

Drying (4-24 hours) - Once tanned and wool dyed,repparttar 148751 skins are then dried in heated forced-air dryers by "toggling"repparttar 148752 skins to a frame. Drying is conducted at temperatures of 50-80oC.

Drycleaning (4-24 hours) - The dried skins are "drycleaned" in either white spirit (a high-boiling petroleum fraction) or perchloroethylene. The drycleaning removesrepparttar 148753 natural fat and grease present withinrepparttar 148754 skins.

Pelt Dyeing / Syntanning - Oncerepparttar 148755 pelt grease is removed,repparttar 148756 skins are returned torepparttar 148757 paddle for pelt dyeing. This step is performed at low temperature (less than 30oC) in order to minimise staining ofrepparttar 148758 wool byrepparttar 148759 pelt dye. After pelt dyeing,repparttar 148760 skins are "syntanned" using synthetic tanning agents in order to giverepparttar 148761 pelts added fullness and firmness. The skins are then redried.

Step 2. Finishing

Once allrepparttar 148762 tanning and processing steps have been completed,repparttar 148763 skins are ready for final finishing prior to being used in ugg boot manufacture.

Staking - After "conditioning"repparttar 148764 skins to approximately 20% moisture content,repparttar 148765 skins are staked in a staking machine. This softens and stretchesrepparttar 148766 skin pelt, and puts a "nap" onrepparttar 148767 pelt surface.

Combing / Ironing / Clipping - The wool is combed in a combing machine to remove tangles and any burrs or grass seeds present inrepparttar 148768 wool. An iron (a hot, 150oC revolving cylinder) straightensrepparttar 148769 wool, removingrepparttar 148770 natural wool crimp. Finally, a cylinder clipping machine is used to cliprepparttar 148771 wool pile torepparttar 148772 desired length, usually about 12-15 mm.

Step 3. Manufacturing

Panels are cut fromrepparttar 148773 skins using a "clicking press". Once cut,repparttar 148774 panels are sewn together using industrial sewing machines, thenrepparttar 148775 sole is glued torepparttar 148776 boot. Once this is done,repparttar 148777 boots are ready for sale!

Hopefully this article has helped you understand a little on the process of sheepskin hide preperation and ugg boot manfacture. Please feel free to browse our range at:

Australian Ugg Boots

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