Kyrgyzstan’s Revolution : a New Definition of “Partytime”?

Written by Angelique van Engelen

Continued from page 1
The events in Kyrgyzstan did surpriserepparttar leading parties as much asrepparttar 135914 rest ofrepparttar 135915 world. The irony in this is thatrepparttar 135916 leaders apparently think they have eternal rule so long as they manage to createrepparttar 135917 circumstances that keep this situationrepparttar 135918 status quo. By foregoing their duties to create truly collaborative institutions with their neighboring countries and by failing to instigate domestic democratic support, they relied on mechanisms similar to those their predecessors before them had relied on without considering that their home base was expecting change. Not creatingrepparttar 135919 systems necessary to effect better democracies and market economies,repparttar 135920 leaders slowly developed a blind spot forrepparttar 135921 possibility that a transfer of power might occur. Over time, dramatic catharses tend to berepparttar 135922 result as Kyrgyzstan has shown. Observers say that now it’s likely dawned on everyone that Russia is not going to be able to increase its role inrepparttar 135923 country and thatrepparttar 135924 US will only lend its support to democratic movements. It’s all up torepparttar 135925 people themselves to create a new structure out of what they so joyously went to town on during their short revolution. The only other source that could manifest an ambition toward becoming a regional hegemony wishing to exert influence is Uzbekistan, which is better equipped on a unilateral level and also happens to berepparttar 135926 region’s largest natural gas developer. The country has indicated its wish to improve intimate ties with its neighbours and has on occasion started to officially delineate its borders, an old Soviet way of showing who’s boss. However, afterrepparttar 135927 events in Kyrgyzstan,repparttar 135928 country quickly pinpointed on its map whererepparttar 135929 border had been and closed it off without further deliberation. Kyrgyzstan’s largely impoverished market economy has hardly got a chance of picking up rapidly and international worries that its largely Muslim dominated population might turn to religion as an alternative to economic prosperity are still downplayed. Even thoughrepparttar 135930 initial disappointment overrepparttar 135931 benefits of independence 15 years ago led to a renewed focus on Russia, ifrepparttar 135932 country’s civil society turns out not to be adequately responsive in soaking up new disappointment and resultant negative sentiment, it’s unlikely that people will turn to their religion. Kyrgyzstan has never really been prone to fundamentalism. By comparison, Uzbekistan poses a way greater Islamic fundamentalist threat, and its leader Islam Karimov is held up as an example of how to manage these sentiments. Should anyone feelrepparttar 135933 need to create insurgencies, they’d likely team up withrepparttar 135934 Chinese Western region Xinjiang separatists, who’ve got plenty of experience in this field. The country’s ethnic differences were also highlighted in its revolution, but are not believed to have been a major factor inrepparttar 135935 events. People also cited chisms inrepparttar 135936 Ukrainian population along ethnic lines, yetrepparttar 135937 recent elections provedrepparttar 135938 opposite there. It is likely that as soon as people belonging to an opposition find they have a legitimate basis and can go about their business freely, ethnic issues tend to become associated withrepparttar 135939 old regime. Ethnic Russians living in Kyrgyzstan –what’s a characteristically pieceful country- also are way less overtly Russian still than their peers in Ukraine. They are near assimilated and cross cultural marriages are common.

Angelique van Engelen is a freelance writer based in Amsterdam. She runs and contributes to a writing ring

What is a Family?

Written by Theresa Chaze

Continued from page 1
The nineties andrepparttar turn ofrepparttar 135454 century foundrepparttar 135455 definition of family including many whom had been excluded. Marriage no longer definesrepparttar 135456 concept of family. Loving couples no longer have to makerepparttar 135457 relationship legal to live together and have children. In addition, medical advances have given more options about parenthood. More accurate birth control, abortion, andrepparttar 135458 “morning after pill” have given women control over their reproduction. In addition, it has become socially acceptable for couples to remain childfree. Advances in fertility treatments give women more options of motherhood. Women can be implanted with sperm, either from a loved one or from a donor, to create children they couldn‘t have had naturally. Men have also gainedrepparttar 135459 legal option of hiring a surrogate mother to produce a child for them. Adoption laws were changed to include qualified single men and women. Single parent homes, including those created by divorce, have becomerepparttar 135460 norm. Day care has become a growing industry to accommodaterepparttar 135461 new demand for childcare from working couples and single parent homes. No longer isrepparttar 135462 wife expected to give up her career opportunities for motherhood. Care ofrepparttar 135463 children has become a joint responsibility ofrepparttar 135464 parents as is providing forrepparttar 135465 family. Fathers are no longer just a provider and disciplinarian, but an active participant in their child’s life. Economically more opportunities opened torepparttar 135466 individual as cottage industries and small business have begun to grow. Where oncerepparttar 135467 large companies controlledrepparttar 135468 economic growth ofrepparttar 135469 country, now small, more specialized businesses compete for a larger ofrepparttar 135470 economic pie. More individuals chose to be independent both financially and socially. By doing so, they no longer have to conform torepparttar 135471 cookie cutter mentality ofrepparttar 135472 big business. Being able to work off their personal strengths and talents, they have been able to utilize assets that continue to eluderepparttar 135473 inflexibility of big corporations. The continuing advancements in computers and communications have expandedrepparttar 135474 individual horizons beyondrepparttar 135475 clan mentality. No longer are individuals limited to their birth culture, country, or social status. The internet has opened a world of new experiences and ideas. Againrepparttar 135476 old status quo has been challenged and has fallen byrepparttar 135477 way side. In spite ofrepparttar 135478 fears and prejudicesrepparttar 135479 more “traditional” groups promote, today’s society has and will continue to become more accepting of differences within individuals; in doing so,repparttar 135480 country has gained more than it has lost. It is this diversity and ability to grow though change, which has kept this country strong. As women’s role in society has become more open and flexible, so hasrepparttar 135481 men’s role as well. Jobs that were considered to be “women’s” are now being filled by men. Just as women have found their place in traditionally men’s jobs. The individual’s talents and desires determine which path to take, giving not only more personal satisfaction but a more positive out look on life. The old saying, “do what you love andrepparttar 135482 money will follow” has become a reality for those who are willing to dorepparttar 135483 work and takerepparttar 135484 chances. Although jobs in manufacturing have been onrepparttar 135485 decline, jobs in medical and scientific research have been making great strides. No longer can a high school diploma guarantee a good job. The educational bar has again been raised torepparttar 135486 college or technical school level. Today a high school diploma isrepparttar 135487 equivalent of Jethro of Beverly Hillbillies bragging he graduated fromrepparttar 135488 sixth grade. Only by being open new industries, staying strong educationally, using our resources wisely, and playing torepparttar 135489 diverse talents of our people can this country remain a leader economically. As inrepparttar 135490 financial arena,repparttar 135491 definition of family and marriage has changed. No longer isrepparttar 135492 family limited. Withrepparttar 135493 controversy over same sex marriage,repparttar 135494 concept has been expanded to include all those who love each other and wish to make long term commitments. For decades, definition of marriage has been moving away from having children and having someone to grow old with to relationships built on mutual respect and love. The old concept of “death do ye part” only applies ifrepparttar 135495 relationship remains strong and healthy. Ifrepparttar 135496 relationship dies,repparttar 135497 marriage ends. No longer do people stay with partners who do not satisfy or bring out their best and highest good. Separation and divorce no longer haverepparttar 135498 old stigma attached. Nor dorepparttar 135499 old standards apply. Custody of children is shared or given torepparttar 135500 person who would berepparttar 135501 best parent whether it berepparttar 135502 mother or father. Spousal and child support has an equal chance to be paid byrepparttar 135503 wife as byrepparttar 135504 husband as economic standards have become more balanced. Althoughrepparttar 135505 ending of a marriage can be stressful onrepparttar 135506 children involved, it is not as detrimental as staying in a family situation whererepparttar 135507 parents do not get along and where respect is a foreign concept. It is better to separate and remain supportive torepparttar 135508 children, than to stay together and do more harm than good. Children are savvier and more technologically aware than in any previous generation. Growing up with access to computers and other electronic gadgets in their daily lives, they walk intorepparttar 135509 school system with a broader understanding of what is possible and with a deeper understanding thatrepparttar 135510 whole world is connected. Having access to diverse cultures, lifestyles and religions, giverepparttar 135511 modern child new perspectives and challenges what they are taught by their parents. The age-old child question of “why” is not only being asked but answers are also being demanded. They aren’t afraid torepparttar 135512 askrepparttar 135513 hard questions or to challenge authority figures. Respect and honor have to be earned not just given because of age. Parents who bank onrepparttar 135514 traditional family hierarchy are more likely to find their accounts with their children in a negative balance. Children have officially become people, deserving of respect. But as much asrepparttar 135515 advancements have separated family members, it has also brought them back together. The Internet and new communication devices have brought families, who had been separated by physical distance, into direct communication. Where as inrepparttar 135516 seventies and eighties,repparttar 135517 extended family disbursed, they are now coming back together viarepparttar 135518 new toys. People of all ages are looking forrepparttar 135519 lost pieces of themselves by research family histories and communicating with older members of their family. So here we stand a more open inclusive society. The more conservative members of this country would like to go back in time. They are so afraid of losing--but losing what? What do they lose? What does same sex marriage take away from them? How does including all of our population diminish them? If pre World War II, German hadn’t excluded Jews, they would have developedrepparttar 135520 nuclear bomb first. How different would our lives be ifrepparttar 135521 balance of power and knowledge had shifted away from us?

Theresa Chaze's first novel, Dragon's New Homeis a fantasy novel, which is based on her philosophy that all people can live together in peace as long as they come from respect. She invites to to visit her site at

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