Instrument Proficiency Checks Under The Revised Instrument Practical Test Standards

Written by Greg Reigel

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Underrepparttar revised PTS, all ofrepparttar 119256 designated tasks must now be satisfactorily completed. Although a pilot and instructor can still tailorrepparttar 119257 IPC to focus on tasks needing additional work,repparttar 119258 remainder ofrepparttar 119259 designated tasks will still need to be completed. This will increaserepparttar 119260 time required for an IPC and may deter pilots from spendingrepparttar 119261 time and money for additional practice of specific tasks.

Another concern isrepparttar 119262 requirement that an IPC candidate must now perform a circling approach. Unfortunately, this eliminatesrepparttar 119263 opportunity for an IPC candidate to fully complete an IPC using a computer-based trainer such as an Advanced AD. Although an Advanced AD will still qualify for completion of a majority ofrepparttar 119264 IPC requirements, if it does not have a wide, wrap-around display, a circling approach will be impossible and this portion ofrepparttar 119265 IPC will need to either be demonstrated in an aircraft or in a simulator that is equipped for such an approach.

This new requirement also hasrepparttar 119266 potential to increaserepparttar 119267 cost of an IPC for a pilot. Ifrepparttar 119268 pilot does not have access to an appropriate computer based trainer, he or she will need to perform a circling approach in an aircraft.

The revised PTS are here and arerepparttar 119269 standards for conducting an IPC. Pilots should keep in mind that an IPC sign-off received after October 1, 2004 that does not comply withrepparttar 119270 revised PTS will not be valid and may leaverepparttar 119271 pilot operating without instrument currency. Both pilots and their instructors should reviewrepparttar 119272 revised PTS to fully understand what tasks are required for an IPC.

As always, fly safe and fly smart.

Greg is an aviation attorney, author and holds a commercial pilot certificate with instrument rating. His handles aviation litigation, including insurance matters and creditor’s rights, FAA certificate actions and aviation related transactional matters. He can be reached via e-mail at or check out his website at

Truck Accident Statistics

Written by Michael Monheit, Esquire, Monheit Law, PC

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Regardless of crash severity,repparttar majority of vehicles in single and two-vehicle crashes were going straight prior torepparttar 119255 crash.

The majority of persons killed or injured in traffic crashes were drivers (65 percent), followed by passengers (31 percent), pedestrians (3 percent), and pedal cyclists (2 percent).

In 2003,repparttar 119256 initial point of impact at time of collision happened 2,354 times (50 percent) inrepparttar 119257 front of vehicle; compared to 382 times onrepparttar 119258 left side, 188 times onrepparttar 119259 right side, and 720 times inrepparttar 119260 rear.

In 2003, 608 large trucks were involved in fatal truck accidents causes by rollovers.

Miscellaneous trucking revenue statistics

The truck driver makes 30.3 cents per mile. Average yearly income for a driver is $32,000 a year. The average owner operator makes slightly more.

Total revenue estimates are $255.5 billion. For hire or common carriers trucking companies generated revenue estimated at $97.9 billion about $18 billion more than air transportation. Private fleets generated revenue estimated at $121 billion.

Truck operating ratio is estimated at 95.2. This means for every dollar in revenuerepparttar 119261 trucking company has a cost of 95.2 cents leaving a profit of 4.8 cents on every dollar.

The trucking industry contributes an estimate of $21.4 billion to operate on U.S. roads and highways.

The trucking industry accounts for 12.8 percent of allrepparttar 119262 fuel purchased inrepparttar 119263 U.S. Automobiles and light vehicles account for 63 percent of fuel purchases.

Michael Monheit, Esquire is the managing attorney for Monheit Law, located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Monheit Law, P.C. concentrates its practice in the field of plaintiff personal injury cases on a contingency fee basis. They can be found at

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