Installing Lighting Safely In The Bathroom

Written by David Smith

Continued from page 1

Fixtures with diffusers (shades or glass covers) arerepparttar best to avoid glare, while fixtures with bare bulbs can produce glare in your eyes from mirrors. Ceiling fixtures above mirrors should be directly overrepparttar 144703 centre ofrepparttar 144704 mirror and be in proportion torepparttar 144705 mirror size for best results. Recessed downlights haverepparttar 144706 benefit of being unobtrusive, but will produce shadows underrepparttar 144707 eyelids, nose and chin unless placed close torepparttar 144708 mirror, spaced well apart and above a light coloured surface they will bounce light back upward to removerepparttar 144709 shadows. General lighting from recessed fixtures will serve to illuminate spaces, cupboards andrepparttar 144710 bath, where some people like to read and relax. There are also waterproof lighting fixtures now available suitable for showers. Bathroom lighting, including fluorescent lights @ SelectLighting UK.

Installing dimmer controls for these fixtures is useful as they give attractive low levels of lighting forrepparttar 144711 evening and allow you to adaptrepparttar 144712 lighting to your mood and requirements. Candles can be added for that extra relaxing bath to soothe awayrepparttar 144713 daily strains and add intimacy.

Safety Lighting and Lights for Bathrooms

Firstly it is important to understandrepparttar 144714 rating by which bathroom and some outdoor lights are classified. IP rating stands for 'Ingress Protection' and is always followed by two characters. The first character specifiesrepparttar 144715 degree of protection against particles or solid objects. Starting with 0 for no protection to 8 for a light which may be totally submerged in water up torepparttar 144716 specified depth. The rating which interest us are IPx4 (x is used in this case because there is no requirement inrepparttar 144717 regulations for a level of dust protection). Lights sold as IPx4 will have been tested for protection against water splashing from any direction.

Zone 0 is insiderepparttar 144718 bath or shower itself and any fittings used here must be low voltage (max 12V) and be rated IPx7 which is total protection when immersed in water.

Zone 1 is aboverepparttar 144719 bath to a height of 2.25m. A minimum rating of IPx4 is required here.

Zone 2 is an area stretching to 0.6m outsiderepparttar 144720 bath and aboverepparttar 144721 bath if over 2.25m. An IP rating of at least IPx4 is required here.

Zone 3 is anywhere outside zones 0, 1, and 2 (subject to specific limits) and where no water jet is likely to be used there is no IP rating required.

The IEE Regulations do not make specific reference to wash basins but inrepparttar 144722 opinion of The Lighting Association they should be treated as Zone 2 (i.e. IPx4).

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Planning Permission Tips UK - Loft Conversions in UK Properties - Do They Add Value?

Written by Martin Meaks

Continued from page 1

Some people subscribing to our news letter may value our 'design lead' approach so we schedule below some of our assessment criteria relating to loft conversions that you may find useful:-

1. Does it need Planning Permission - If so utilisingrepparttar councils design guides is a must. Some front or side facing dormers may still be resisted even if they are small. Velux windows often overcome these objections. In most cases, big bulky box dormers will not be allowed.

2. What area of new space doesrepparttar 144702 client require - Many clients have overambitious floor space targets & visualise 3 bedrooms for example (all with ensuite of course). They fail to appreciaterepparttar 144703 loss of floor space caused byrepparttar 144704 extensive sloping soffits, &repparttar 144705 new stairs.

3. Where canrepparttar 144706 new stair set go - Many clients fail to realise that their preferred location forrepparttar 144707 stairs does not achieverepparttar 144708 required head room withinrepparttar 144709 new floor for example. In most cases some existing floor space ofrepparttar 144710 bedrooms for example will need to be sacrificed.

4. It is better to achieve one or two good sized functional rooms to compensate forrepparttar 144711 lack of head room in some areas ofrepparttar 144712 new rooms rather than trying to cram inrepparttar 144713 bedroom numbers forrepparttar 144714 sake of it whererepparttar 144715 new rooms can become nothing more than single bed sleeping podules with very little inbuilt amenity value.

5. If flat roofed dormers can only be achieved due torepparttar 144716 low ridge height then splitrepparttar 144717 dormers into 2 or three smaller ones with no more than 1200mm (4') wide windows to break up its bulk. Always, always always recessrepparttar 144718 dormer intorepparttar 144719 roof slope to reducerepparttar 144720 dormers bulk - DO NOT BUILD THE EXTERNAL FACE OF THE DORMER WALL OFF THE EXISTING EXTERNAL WALL OF THE HOUSE.

6. If a client wants a conversion with only Velux type roof lights then all well & good (much cheaper as well). However an exercise should be completed to explorerepparttar 144721 possibilities of a strategically located dormer or two that often frees up an extra 30% floor area thatrepparttar 144722 client may not have realised for very little extra money.

7. Dormers are notrepparttar 144723 only design solution to more light & space - consideration could also be given to a hip to gable conversion ofrepparttar 144724 side roof for example that wont look out of keeping (unless your a semi of course).

8. As a rule of thumb torepparttar 144725 practicality of your new room inrepparttar 144726 roof - if you can already touchrepparttar 144727 ridge board when standing inrepparttar 144728 loft (about 2.3M or less), then its normally too small to form useful functioning bedrooms unless a bulky box dormer is constructed (which is what we are trying to avoid) If it is an area just for a play room or a study then all well & good but beware, many people have embarked on tight loft conversions only to realise too late that that they have no where to placerepparttar 144729 bed or locate a wardrobe.

There are a great many other issues to consider as well when completing loft conversions such as overheating, fire regs, weather protection duringrepparttar 144730 works etc. & these are major discussion topics in themselves that I will leave for another day. However,repparttar 144731 points listed above arerepparttar 144732 main ones relative torepparttar 144733 external design & appearance of loft conversions.

Our 'Maximum Build Planning Guide' explains furtherrepparttar 144734 tactics involved when developing a site with a loft conversion or extension & how to give yourselfrepparttar 144735 best chance of being granted a planning permission or planning approval.

Martin meaks is a very experienced Planning Consultant who has formed a UK planning permission information web site.

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