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Tort law is a branch of civil law. This is one of three main branches of civil law where other branches are contract and property law. In tort cases, plaintiff is victim of an alleged wrong and unsuccessful defendant is directed by court to pay damages to plaintiff. The so-called injunctive relief for defendant is when he is directed to discontinue from a wrongful activity.
Torts have three general categories. Intentional torts are wrongs which defendant knew or should have known would happen through their actions or inactions (e.g. intentionally hurting a person). Negligent torts happen when defendant’s actions were unreasonably unsafe (e.g. causing accident by failing to obey traffic rules). Strict liability torts are wrongs that do not depend on degree of carefulness by defendant but established when a particular action causes damage (e.g. liability for selling expired products).
Misfortune may happen unexpectedly to you or anyone in your family and when it does, a you, as a victim may incur costs. You can shift these costs to others who you believed has strict liability in causing it. The principles of tort law help you in getting compensation for damages suffered not by your own fault. Contact an attorney practising this particular area of law for clarifications and tips in filing for claims.
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