How To Deal With Computer Problems

Written by Fred Renoudet

Continued from page 1

Click "Explore", inrepparttar left window look inrepparttar 107879 "Windows" tree (click if there is a + before Windows). Look for "Start Menu" (click if necessary to expandrepparttar 107880 tree). Look under "Programs" - you should see "StartUp". Click it.

Inrepparttar 107881 right window is what is in your group. You can highlight and press "Delete" on your keyboard to get rid of what you don't need. All this is going to your recycle bin in case you change your mind. Unfortunately, when you reboot you will probably see a lot ofrepparttar 107882 same junk you deleted back inrepparttar 107883 lower right corner.

This isrepparttar 107884 case with programs such as Real Audio, Printer programs and virus programs. To stop them from starting you usually have to openrepparttar 107885 individual program and look around. Nine out of ten times you can find a box checked underrepparttar 107886 options in that program.

Also in Windows 98, you can clickrepparttar 107887 "Start" button, select "Run" and type "msconfig". A window will pop up withrepparttar 107888 upper right tab will be labeled "Startup". There will be programs listed in there with check boxes.

These arerepparttar 107889 programs that automatically start when you start your computer. I had 29 programs listed with check marks. I did not have 29 icons onrepparttar 107890 bottom right of my task bar. I only had 5.

If you recognize a program, you can remove it from automatically starting by removingrepparttar 107891 check mark and selecting "Apply". You will be asked to restart your computer. If you should change your mind,repparttar 107892 programs will still be on your hard drive. To be onrepparttar 107893 safe side - check with your computer manufacturer.

Step 3: Have a glass of wine, beer or whatever - Delete your Temporary Internet files. In Internet Explorer atrepparttar 107894 top under "View", select "Internet Options"; select "Delete Temporary Files" (your cookies won't be affected). Close IE.

Left clickrepparttar 107895 "Start" button (bottom left of screen), select "Find", "Folders", type "*.TMP", choose "Find Now". You can delete anything in your TMP list that pops up. Windows won't let you delete anything that it needs to run. Reboot - If everything is running fine, empty your "Recycle Bin".

Step 4: Have a glass of wine, beer or whatever - Double click "My Computer" (if you can still find it), right click your "C" drive, left click "Properties", Select "Tools",. Perform a thorough "Scan Disk" - (depending onrepparttar 107896 size of your hard drive this could take a while) - make sure "Automatically" fix error" is checked.

Go get something to eat - (you need something to absorbrepparttar 107897 alcohol - don't drive!).

After this has finished - again under "Tools" - select "Defrag". Do a "Thorough" if you haven't defragged in a while. This will definitely take a long time. I suggest you do it before you go to bed - (you'll need to afterrepparttar 107898 wine anyway).

Running "Defrag" groups all your data on your computer and helps programs run smoother. If you are inrepparttar 107899 habit of installing and deleting a lot of programs your data will look like a half-empty football stadium with people scattered. One member of your family is onrepparttar 107900 West Side, one onrepparttar 107901 East Side and one inrepparttar 107902 End Zone.

Defragging will grouprepparttar 107903 family together - ifrepparttar 107904 mother-in-law is there, that may not be such a good idea. I'm rambling again. You're probably wondering if there is a caboose to my train of thought. Oh well, if this helps one person - it was worth it.

Fred Renoudet is CEO at , which provides a huge collection of "absolute proven guruhs' how-to information", free and resell eBooks, and plenty of content you can use and give away on your websites and in your newsletters... access to everything is just pennies a day to members. He also runs the "eBook Resales.." website. There is also a high profit Affiliate Program

History of Linux

Written by Ragib Hasan

Continued from page 1



c. Confrontation & Development

Soon Linus faced some confrontation from none other than Andrew Tanenbaum,repparttar great teacher who wrote MINIX. In a post to Linus, Tanenbaum commented:

" I still maintainrepparttar 107878 point that designing a monolithic kernel in 1991 is a fundamental error. Be thankful you are not my student. You would not get a high grade for such a design :-)" (Andrew Tanenbaum to Linus Torvalds)

Linus later admitted that it wasrepparttar 107879 worst point of his development of Linux. Tanenbaum was certainlyrepparttar 107880 famous professor, and anything he said certainly mattered. But he was wrong with Linux, for Linus was one stubborn guy who won't admit defeat. Tanenbaum also remarked that : "Linux is obsolete".

Now wasrepparttar 107881 turn forrepparttar 107882 new Linux generation. Backed byrepparttar 107883 strong Linux community, Linus gave a reply to Tanenbaum which seems to be most fitting:

Your job is being a professor and researcher: That's one hell of a good excuse for some ofrepparttar 107884 brain-damages of minix. (Linus Torvalds to Andrew Tanenbaum)

And work went on. Soon more than a hundred people joinedrepparttar 107885 Linux camp. Then thousands. Then hundreds of thousands. This was no longer a hackers toy. Powered by a plethora of programs fromrepparttar 107886 GNU project, Linux was ready forrepparttar 107887 actual showdown. It was licensed under GNU General Public License, thus ensuring thatrepparttar 107888 source codes will be free for all to copy, study and to change. Students and computer programmers grabbed it.

Soon, commercial vendors moved in. Linux itself was, and is free. Whatrepparttar 107889 vendors did was to compile up various software and gather them in a distributable format, more likerepparttar 107890 other operating systems with which people were more familiar. Red Hat , Caldera, Debian, and some other companies gained substantial amount of response fromrepparttar 107891 users worldwide. Withrepparttar 107892 new Graphical User Interfaces (like X-windows, KDE)repparttar 107893 Linux distributions became very popular.

Meanwhile, there were amazing things happening with Linux. Engineers have tweaked Linux to run 3Com's handheld PalmPilot computer. Red Hat Software's version of Linux wonrepparttar 107894 1996 award for bestdesktop computer operating system from trade magazine InfoWorld. In April that year researchers at Los Alamos National Laboratory used Linux to run 68 PCs as a single parallel processing machine to simulate atomic shock waves.The do-it-yourself supercomputer cost only $152,000, including labor (connectingrepparttar 107895 68 PCs with cables)-about one tenthrepparttar 107896 price of a comparable commercial machine. It reached a peak speed of 19 billion calculations per second, making itrepparttar 107897 315th most powerful supercomputer inrepparttar 107898 world. Three months later it still didn't have to be rebooted.

The best thing about Linux today isrepparttar 107899 fanatic following it commands. Whenever a new piece of hardware is out, Linux kernel is tweaked to take advantage of it. For example, within weeks afterrepparttar 107900 introduction of Intel Xeon® Microprocessor, Linux kernel was tweaked and was ready for it. It has also been adapted for use in Alpha, Mac, PowerPC, and even for palmtops, a feat which is hardly matched by any other operating system. And it continues its journey intorepparttar 107901 new millenium, withrepparttar 107902 same enthusiasm that started one fine day back in 1991. As for Linus, he remains a simple man. Unlike Bill Gates, he is not a billionaire. Having completed studies, he moved to USA and landed a job at Transmeta Corporation. Recently married, he isrepparttar 107903 proud father of a girl, Patricia Miranda Torvalds. But he remains asrepparttar 107904 world's most favorite and most famous programmer to this date. Revered by Computer communities worldwide, Linus is by farrepparttar 107905 most popular programmer on this planet. He deserves it.

Epilogue 2000 The year 2000 started asrepparttar 107906 beginning of a new century, and of course, a brand new millenium. Withrepparttar 107907 ever increasing popularity of Linux sky-rocketing to new heights, it was clear that Linux was to stay as an inevitable part of computing inrepparttar 107908 3rd Millenium. Andrepparttar 107909 father of Linux, Linus Torvalds also created headlines when his company Transmeta Corporation deliveredrepparttar 107910 ultimate result of their secret product,repparttar 107911 amazing Crusoe(TM) processor. Linus worked fromrepparttar 107912 beginning as a project member, andrepparttar 107913 resultant Crusoe processor is another testimony to his remarkable abilities as a dreamer. One thing is clear, The Future Belongs To Linux!


History is always boring, but history of Computing and that of Linux are very interesting. Much ofrepparttar 107914 source of this article has been taken fromrepparttar 107915 Internet. It was inspired byrepparttar 107916 questions asked by many would be Linux users at meetings and postings of Bangladesh Linux Users Group.Thanks to all. All materials taken from various sources belong to their respective authors. All trademarks belong torepparttar 107917 respective corporations and companies. Microsoft and Windows are registered trademarks of Microsoft corp.

The author fully reserverepparttar 107918 right torepparttar 107919 portions of this article written solely by himself, under Gnu GPL. However all are requested to distribute this article freely and vigorosly provided my name and email address is given clearly with this article. ( If this legal things bore you, don't blame me. Who knows, Microsoft lawyers might find a way to sue for their Logo or name... :) ).

For all mistakes and suggestions Contact me: Ragib Hasan, Department of Computer Science & Engineering, Bangladesh University of Engineering & Technology, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

mail me at

Ragib Hasan is a senior year Student of Computer Science and Engineering at Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology. He is an ardent follower of the Linux movement for free and open operating system and the GNU free software project. His other interests include Computer Programming (He is an award winning programmer), writing and Science fiction. A member of IEEE and BDLUG, he hopes for a better tomorrow. He can be reached at

    <Back to Page 1 © 2005
Terms of Use