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Unfortunately, there is no written record of when Inuit first developed their form of throat singing which differs from type found in Mongolia and other parts of world that has some form of throat singing. The Inuit did not keep any written records and history was simply passed down from generation to generation orally. It was reported that at one point in time, Inuit women would actually have their lips almost touching while using each other's mouth cavity as a sound resonator. This technique is not used anymore.
Inuit throat singing was actually forbidden by Christian priests for almost 100 years but since this religious ban was lifted, there has been a resurfacing of this traditional activity in Inuit communities during last 20 to 30 years. Interestingly enough, there has been a lot of interest among younger Inuit generations in this revival in addition to Inuit elders who are trying to bring throat singing back as part of present Inuit culture. Many of young Inuit women who have taken up throat singing claim that it is a way for them to express their Inuit identities in modern world where many Inuit traditions have already been lost. The revival of Inuit throat singing has been so popular that in September of 2001, first throat singing conference was held in Puvernituk, Nunavik where different types of Inuit throat singing from different Arctic regions of Canada were demonstrated and shared. There has even been a small number of Inuit throat singing CDs produced.
Clint Leung is owner of Free Spirit Gallery http://www.FreeSpiritGallery.ca , an online gallery specializing in Inuit Eskimo and Northwest Native American art including carvings, sculpture and prints. Free Spirit Gallery has numerous information resource articles with photos of authentic Inuit and Native Indian art as well as free eCards.