Five steps to success with Saltwater Coral Reef Aquariums

Written by Christopher Knowlton

Continued from page 1

The only way around this is to be able to afford to pay someone else to set-up and maintain your tank.

3) Mingle! (see 2 above) There are plenty of reef-keeping societies out there with lots of experience to help you along your way and teach you what you need to know. As long as you are doing your own homework, they are usually happy to help!

4) Keep an open mind! There is not just one way to keep a reef tank - no matter how loudly people onrepparttar various bulletin boards and forums out there might shout that there is. 5) Share! It is amazing how much help people are willing to give when they realize that you are offering a particularly nice specimen that they have always wanted. Equipment that they didn't even remember they had may magically appear or they might be willing to share a very nice piece of their own reef frag with you.

Trading frags not only is a great way to increase your variety, but it helps maintain genetic strains of corals (frags are also known as 'clones') that might otherwise die out in a single tank struck byrepparttar 148605 calamity mentioned in 1 above.

Chris Knowlton is an avid fan of reef keeping and propagation. He maintains a nano tank and two large saltwater reef aquariums. To visit his site and read 5 More Steps to Success with Saltwater Coral Reef Aquariums visit

(Reprints of this article are allowed, but must have an active link to the authors website.)

Wilderness Survival Backpacking Tips

Written by Steve Gillman

Continued from page 1

5. Weather: Inrepparttar Rocky Mountains you can seerepparttar 148604 clouds forming just beforerepparttar 148605 afternoon storms. Being able to readrepparttar 148606 sky can keep you out of trouble. Lightning kills hikers in Colorado regularly.

6. Staying dry: Hypothermia isrepparttar 148607 biggest wilderness killer, and getting wet isrepparttar 148608 biggest cause. Watch for ledges or large fir trees to stand under if you seerepparttar 148609 rain coming.

7. Shelter: A pile of dry leaves and dead grass can keep you very warm in an emergency.

8. Hydration: Fill water bottles every chance you get, and you won't have such a hard time with any long dry stretches of trail.

9. Injury: Pop a "blister" onrepparttar 148610 trunk of a small spruce or fir tree, and you can userepparttar 148611 sap that oozes out as an good antiseptic dressing for small cuts.

10. Fire starter: White birch bark will usually light even when wet.

These are just a few ofrepparttar 148612 wilderness survival tips and techniques you can easily learn. Why not practice one or two on your next backpacking trip?

Steve Gillman is a long-time backpacker, and advocate of lightweight backpacking. His advice and stories can be found at

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