Finnish Cottage TraditionWritten by S. Nicole Thomas
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Inside walls were often chinked with clay or cloth. Most floors were simply beaten earth, although some cabins had floors of puncheons--logs split lengthwise and laid close together with flat sides up. A family often built a sleeping loft if roof were high enough. The loft could be reached by pegs pounded into walls or by a ladder built from tree limbs. The loft also was used to store foodstuffs.
Log cabins were never meant to be permanent, but many log houses were. The difference between two was primarily one of size and attention to detail. Most pioneers preferred "flat" walls to rounded log walls, and so most used hewn logs for building. These not only made houses look (from a distance) more "real," but also withstood elements much better, since bark and decay-prone outside wood were removed from logs. When milled lumber became available either from a local sawmill or by railroad transport, most people chose it for their homes.
It seemed that as frontier disappeared, so would log cabin. However, at about same time Finnish homesteaders were, of necessity, building their first homes of logs, Easterners were rediscovering log structure. William A. Durant, land developer and president of Adirondack Railroad, pushed idea of Great Camps in Adirondacks. These camps were enclaves where very wealthy could escape summer heat of cities and retreat to "simple life" of log-cabin living in country. Such "cabins" were hardly simple. Designed by architects, they were huge structures with many rooms and fireplaces and porches. But their log exteriors recalled "good old days". National park structures also fueled revival of log cabin living. Many park lodges were made of logs so they would fit their surroundings. The Old Faithful Inn at Yellowstone National Park is a prime example. Built in 1904, inn has an eight-story lobby some 185 feet high. There are 140 guest rooms and three sets of balconies.
Another factor that kept tradition of log building alive was Great Depression of 1930s. The Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) worked with National Park Service and U.S. Forest Service to build thousands of log structures throughout national forests and parks. Had it not been for these log cabin might have disappeared, but because people saw log structures and liked what they saw, many began to build modern log cabins and log houses. These homes seemed to represent all that a family could want: a sturdy shelter from elements and a simple, self-sufficient lifestyle. The log cabin remains a popular building style.
S. Nicole Thomas is a worldwide traveler among other things. Lived in Finland for over three years and has started to write about finnish saunas and the great land of finland. Visit http://www.homesaunatips.com for more information!
Tsunami the next big wave:the grandaddy of them allWritten by Roseanne van Langenberg
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.. and precise location ... right opposite city of Padang in Indonesia ... inhabitants: 1 million people! Repeat: All he cannot pinpoint is when ... this disaster could be in months, next decade or in twenty years! The city of Padang is base for Australian surfers who go there to surf waves of Menwawais ... where some of best surfing breaks in world may be found .. as an Australian citizen this alarms me greatly. Geographically, city of Padang would have difficulty dealing with a high tide, devastation caused by grandaddy of Tsunamis is incomprehensible. Imagine a mere 15 minute warning before earthquake .. ... and then waters of giant Tsunami gushing down streets of Padang, just like it did in Banda Acheh washing everything away in its stride .. ... a moving torrent of cars, oil, broken trees and precious human life! My call to all my fellow Marketers, Search Engine Optimization community, Retail colleagues and anyone who reads this post: do everything in your power to reach your readers in Indonesia, particularly city of Padang .. they need to take heed and make adequate provision to stop pointless human slaughter this time around. Whether this be in form of lobbying your local Government bodies, or through local press release, we have to help this time before devastation of this giant wave, grandaddy of Tsunami's .. takes away more precious human life .. .. but above all do this in a responsible manner .. causing wide spread panic amongst unworldly village inhabitants or your worldwide audience will not help. Melbourne's Channel 9 has whole story including a video of interview available at their site . The video version is half-way down page. Due to ever changing nature of News, I cannot guarantee how long this link will be up. Whilst this news is hardly topical for an internet marketing and search engine optimization Blog, as a parent irreversible damage to our environment has me greatly concerned ... please do whatever you can to stop this alarming trend. Entire article available at: Marketing Defined:tsunami-next-big-wave This article may be reproduced in its entirety, with no alterations. The resource boxes, live URL's and Author Bio must be included.