Feeding Your Pet Stingray - The Essentials of Maintaining a Varied DietWritten by Brendon Turner
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Occasionally, a well-acclimated specimen will fail to gain weight, even though you are offering enough food. Several things may cause this problem; most likely possibility is that it is not competing efficiently for food against other fish in aquarium, or it may have a parasitic infestation. Stingrays occasionally do not seem to learn where foods can be found during feeding times, and are always in wrong part of tank during those times. In these cases, it is helpful to hand-feed such specimens. By this I do not mean feeding with your hands. Although some aquarists do this with stingrays, I do not recommend it because of possibility of being accidentally stung. Remember that stingrays are wild animals, and no matter how accustomed your specimens become to your presence, it is impossible to always accurately predict their response to humans. Instead, you should always perform hand-feeding of specimens with long forceps or a similar instrument. Stingrays generally avoid metal objects and appear to be frightened by metal; however, because they can sense metal, they will quickly learn that when there is a metal object in aquarium, food is being offered. In this way, you can teach your stingray to feed directly from forceps, and selectively feed it more food.
Simply hold a night crawler (or a piece of night crawler) in forceps, and hold worm in aquarium so that ray can touch it with its fin. It should eat worm immediately. After a few feedings in this manner, allow forceps to touch ray while it is eating worm. It will quickly learn to associate forceps with feeding and soon you will find that ray will pounce on forceps as soon as it touches it, eagerly looking for a treat!
How Much and How Often
The key to having well-fed stingrays in your aquarium is providing plenty of food. Unlike most fish that swim quietly between feedings, stingrays search constantly for food, looking under and around tank ornaments, moving driftwood, rocks, filters, and even other fish! This high activity level translates to a high metabolic rate, which means that while searching for food rays continue to burn energy. If they use up energy looking for food, but do not find any, they will lose weight. To compensate for this loss of energy, it is essential to provide adequate food. I cannot stress this enough. Hobbyists sometimes tell me that they feed their rays three times weekly, thinking that this is adequate. Stingrays should be fed at least twice, and usually three times, daily. In spite of these frequent feedings, rays will still constantly look for food between feedings!
When feeding significant quantities of live feeder goldfish, it is wise to add vitamin B1 to feeder supply. Goldfish contain enzyme thiaminase, which destroys thiamin, or vitamin B1, and this vitamin must be replenished. It should be your practice to add one 50-mg tablet to each 500 gallons (1893 L) of water every two weeks. You can add tablets directly to sump of wet-dry filter; or as an alternative, tablets can be added directly to tank.
Brendon Turner maintains The Animal Gazette - a weekly edition of helpful articles for pet owners. Visit AnimalGazette.com for information about cats, dog breeds and tropical fish.
A Tragic and Brutal End for our American Horses.Written by Stephen Murphy
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many horses they manipulated from good loving owners and taken them straight to Slaughter House! The purpose of this article to open American publics eyes to senseless practice of horse slaughter. Our American horses of all types are being slaughtered as would any domesticated food animal. Our Founding Fathers designated horse a "favored" animal which means they are not bred or raised for food, not eaten in our culture. Why? Because horse is part of American heritage, having played a major role in our historical growth and development. Extensive independent polling shows that voters think it is illegal to slaughter a horse for human consumption; however when informed that it is not, 88%-93% think that it should be. Now taking that in consideration here are alarming facts: Over 3 million American recreational horses have been secretly purchased and slaughtered for foreign markets in last two decades. And because of lack of disclosure on part of agents for foreign owned horsemeat industry, people's horses can and have been stolen and their pets purchased under false pretenses. This practice has contributed to crime and consumer fraud. In United States there are currently two horse slaughter plants in operation, both foreign-owned, both in Texas and a third in IIinois. In addition to horses killed in two US-based plants, thousands more are transported under deplorable conditions across our borders into Canada and Mexico to be slaughtered. Horses are often transported for more than 24 hours without rest, water, or food, while unprotected from weather extremes in thin metal-walled trailers. Sick and/or injured horses frequently are forced onto double-deck trailers that were designed for short-necked animals including cattle and sheep. Once at slaughterhouse, suffering and abuse continue unabated. Often, horses are left on tightly packed double-deck trailers for long periods of time while a few are forcibly moved off. Callous workers, using long, thick fiberglass rods, poke and beat horses' faces, necks, backs, and legs as they are shoved through facility into kill box. Due to extreme overcrowding, abuse, deafening sounds, and smell of blood, horse’s exhibit fear typical of "flight" behavior pacing in prance-like movements with their ears pinned back against their heads and eyes wide open. The horses are then herded into shoots which lead to stun box. Horses have a very keen since of smell so while they are being driven down this shute they can smell death in front of them. They are shaking and very frightened and know fate that awaits them. This is a cruel fate for a pet and any horse that has been be-friended by a human and they should not ever end up with this type of fate. What you do have to realize from this time on is that there are very devious buyers out there looking to buy any horse they can get their hands on. They very willing to lie by saying horse they purchase from you will be taken to a great place to live out its days with constant good care. These people are only driven by GREED and have BLOOD on their hands from many horses they manipulated from good loving owners and taken them straight to Slaughter House! Please BEWARE and do all you can to insure that your friends and companions are going to be out of harms way.
Stephen Murphy is a Horse lover and owner and the Operations Manager of Fairbanks Horse Rescue. You can read and keep up to date on his family’s efforts and see how you can get involved at http://wavisp.com/horse5050.html. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org